The Mexico-born Community

Historical Background

The Mexico-born are relatively new migrants to Australia. Migrant numbers from Mexico continue to be small; almost half the numbers of Mexico-born arrived since the 2006 Census, under the Skilled or Family Streams of the Migration Program.


Geographic Distribution

The latest Census in 2011 recorded 3255 Mexico-born people in Australia, an increase of 80.5 per cent from the 2006 Census. The 2011 distribution by state and territory showed New South Wales had the largest number with 1151 followed by Victoria (883), Queensland (535) and South Australia (289).

Age and Sex

The median age of the Mexico-born in 2011 was 33 years compared with 45 years for all overseas-born and 37 years for the total Australian population.

The age distribution showed 9.6 per cent were aged 0-14 years, 10.8 per cent were 15-24 years, 62.6 per cent were 25-44 years, 13.3 per cent were 45-64 years and 3.7 per cent were 65 years and over.

Of the Mexico-born in Australia, there were 1561 males (47.9 per cent) and 1697 females (52.1 per cent). The sex ratio was 92 males per 100 females.


In the 2011 Census, the top ancestry responses* that Mexico-born people reported were Mexican (2521), Spanish (459) and Australian (114).

In the 2011 Census, Australians reported around 300 different ancestries. Of the total ancestry responses*, 4862 responses were towards Mexican ancestry.

*At the 2011 Census up to two responses per person were allowed for the Ancestry question; therefore providing the total responses and not persons count.


The main languages spoken at home by Mexico-born people in Australia were Spanish (2601), English (543) and French (21).

Of the 2714 Mexico-born who spoke a language other than English at home, 93.6 per cent spoke English very well or well, and 5.5 per cent spoke English not well or not at all.


At the 2011 Census the major religious affiliation amongst Mexico-born was Catholic (2056) and Christian, nfd (99).

Of the Mexico-born, 19 per cent stated 'No Religion' which was lower than that of the total Australian population (22.3 per cent), and 2.8 per cent did not state a religion.


Compared to 62 per cent of the total overseas-born population, 25.2 per cent of the Mexico-born people in Australia arrived in Australia prior to 2001.

Among the total Mexico-born in Australia at the 2011 Census, 22 per cent arrived between 2001 and 2006 and 48.4 per cent arrived between 2007 and 2011.

Median Income

At the time of the 2011 Census, the median individual weekly income for the Mexico-born in Australia aged 15 years and over was $619, compared with $538 for all overseas-born and $597 for all Australia-born. The total Australian population had a median individual weekly income of $577.


At the 2011 Census, 81.7 per cent of the Mexico-born aged 15 years and over had some form of higher non-school qualifications compared to 55.9 per cent of the Australian population.

Of the Mexico-born aged 15 years and over, 8.3 per cent were still attending an educational institution. The corresponding rate for the total Australian population was 8.6 per cent.


Among Mexico-born people aged 15 years and over, the participation rate in the labour force was 73.8 per cent and the unemployment rate was 9.6 per cent. The corresponding rates in the total Australian population were 65 per cent and 5.6 per cent respectively.

Of the 1953 Mexico-born who were employed, 57.1 per cent were employed in either a skilled managerial, professional or trade occupation. The corresponding rate in the total Australian population was 48.4 per cent.

Produced by the Community Relations Section of DIAC All data used in this summary is sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population and Housing. Sources for the Historical Background are available on our website.
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