Number 50: Employment characteristics and transitions of mothers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children
Four waves of LSAC are used to explore mothers’ participation in paid employment, in particular to analyse changes in employment participation, using the longitudinal nature of the data. Differences in employment participation and work hours are examined by age of youngest child and by various sociodemographic characteristics to build understanding of which mothers are remaining out of employment or with low hours of employment as their children grow. The longitudinal data are exploited to examine mothers’ transitions into and out of work and between jobs of different types as children grow or as new children are born. The analyses include examination of employed mothers’ job characteristics, such as type of employment contract (permanent/casual/self-employed), occupation, flexibility and scheduling of hours. For mothers who are not employed, some additional analyses focus on information about reasons for being out of employment.