National Disability Advocacy Program (NDAP)
The National Disability Advocacy Program (NDAP) provides people with disability access to effective disability advocacy that promotes, protects and ensures their full and equal enjoyment of all human rights enabling community participation.
The policy and implementation of the NDAP will be guided by the principles and objectives of key legislation, conventions, agreements and frameworks, including but not limited to: the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the National Disability Strategy; the National Disability Agreement, the National Disability Advocacy Framework; and the Disability Services Act 1986 (DSA).
NDAP disability advocacy agencies receive funding under the DSA. The DSA and its associated Principles and Objectives have a focus on outcomes for people with disability. All disability advocacy agencies funded under the NDAP must comply with the DSA and the applicable Standards.
In 2011 the Australian Parliament passed amendments to the Disability Services Act 1986, as part of the Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment Bill (SSOLA Bill), to mandate the introduction of a Quality Assurance system for NDAP.
NDAP and the National Disability Insurance Scheme
“The role of advocacy in representing the interests of people with disability is to be acknowledged and respected, recognising that advocacy supports people with disability by:
(a) promoting their independence and social and economic participation; and
(b) promoting choice and control in the pursuit of their goals and the planning and delivery of their supports; and
(c) maximising independent lifestyles of people with disability and their full inclusion in the mainstream community.” (National Disability Insurance Scheme Act 2013).
Advocates assist people to participate in decision making and increase their capacity to understand the service delivery options available to enable them to meet their goals. In this way they can be an important way of encouraging choice and control, which is an underpinning principle of the National Disability Insurance Scheme.
For NDAP agencies based in the National Disability Insurance Scheme launch sites, there are additional roles which may include assisting people through the planning and review processes with the National Disability Insurance Agency. Funding has also been provided via the External Merits Review – Support Component to provide assistance to people with disability seeking a review of National Disability Insurance Agency decisions through the Administrative Appeals Tribunal, which is an important mechanism to ensure that decisions are fair and robust.
There are support persons available to ensure the external merits review system is accessible and as non-adversarial as possible for people with disability. All applicants seeking external merits review by the AAT are entitled to a support person provided through one NDAP provider in each launch site. Applicants to the AAT will have a choice to use friends, family, carers, lawyers, disability advocates, or support workers from other agencies as a supporter at the AAT, or the support person.
NDAP Program Guidelines
Program Guidelines Documentation
The following is an outline of the components of the Program Guidelines and the purpose of each.
- Part A: Services and Support for People with Disability - Program Guidelines provides an overview of the Services for People with Disability Program, of which the NDAP is an Activity.
- Part B: Information for Applicants provides details on the standard conditions and procedures involved in selection processes conducted by the Department of Social Services (DSS). Part B is a standardised DSS document
Please note: There is currently no selection process for the NDAP.
- Part C: Program Guidelines for the NDAP provides specific information on the NDAP.
Aims and objectives
The objective of the NDAP is that:
- People with disability have access to effective disability advocacy that promotes, protects and ensures their full and equal enjoyment of all human rights enabling community participation.
The target group for advocacy support provided by NDAP agencies, as required under section 8 of the DSA, consists of people with disability that:
- ‘is attributable to an intellectual, psychiatric, sensory or physical impairment or a combination of such impairments;
- is permanent or likely to be permanent; and
- results in:
- a substantially reduced capacity of the person for communication, learning or mobility; and
- the need for ongoing support services.
Definition and Models of Disability Advocacy
In broad terms, advocacy for people with disability can be defined as speaking, acting or writing with minimal conflict of interest on behalf of the interests of a disadvantaged person or group, in order to promote, protect and defend the welfare of and justice for either the person or group by:
- Acting in a partisan manner (i.e. being on their side and no one else's);
- Being primarily concerned with their fundamental needs;
- Remaining loyal and accountable to them in a way which is empathic and vigorous(whilst respecting the rights of others); and
- Enduring duty of care at all times.
Approaches to disability advocacy can be categorised into six broad models being:
- Individual advocacy
- Citizen advocacy
- Family advocacy
- Self advocacy
- Legal advocacy
- Systemic advocacy.
NDAP agencies may be categorised into generalist or specialist agencies.
- Generalist agencies provide advocacy support to people with any type of disability or cultural background.
- Specialist agencies may provide advocacy support to people with disability:
- with a specific type of disability
- from Diverse Cultural and Linguistic backgrounds (DCALB)
- from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) backgrounds.
Agencies are funded to provide disability advocacy support in specific geographic areas. There are two types of geographic coverage:
- Local Government Areas (LGAs).
Further Information about NDAP
Further information about NDAP can be obtained by viewing the DVD – National Disability Advocacy Program, Advocacy for people with disability or by contacting the Department via:
Department of Social Services,
Disability and Carers Group,
Tuggeranong Office Park, Box 7576
Canberra Mail Centre ACT 2610
- Email: Disability Advocacy - DSS (firstname.lastname@example.org).
For day to day issues relating to funding agreements and other program and operational matters, disability advocacy agencies should contact the NDAP Contract Manager in their local Department of Social Services State and Territory office.