Number 1: Income support and related statistics: a 10-year compendium, 1989-1999

 

Contents

  1. Introduction
    1. Scope
    2. Sources
    3. Order of tables
    4. Conventions and notation
  2. Income support payments
    1. Summary of income support recipients and dependent children, June 1989 to June 1999
    2. Summary of income support recipients by payment type, June 1989 to June 1999
    3. Characteristics of Age Pensioners, June 1989 to June 1999
    4. Disability and sickness payments
      1. Characteristics of Disability Support Pensioners, June 1989 to June 1998
      2. Characteristics of Sheltered Employment Allowees and wives, 1989 to 1991
      3. Characteristics of Rehabilitation Allowees and wives, 1989 to 1997
      4. Characteristics of Sickness Allowees, 1989 to 1999
    5. Payments to partners and carers
      1. Characteristics of Wife Pensioners whose partner receives Age Pension, 1989 to 1999
      2. Characteristics of Wife Pensioners whose partner receives Disability Support Pension, 1989 to 1999
      3. Characteristics of recipients of Carer Payment, 1989 to 1999
      4. Characteristics of Partner Allowees, 1989 to 1999
    6. Payments to parents
      1. Characteristics of recipients of Parenting Payment (Single), 1989 to 1999
      2. Characteristics of recipients of Parenting Payment (Partnered), 1996 to 1999
    7. Payments to widows
      1. Characteristics of Bereavement Allowees, 1989 to 1999
      2. Characteristics of Widow B Pensioners, 1989 to 1999
      3. Characteristics of Widow Allowees, 1995 to 1999
    8. Characteristics of recipients of Mature Age Allowances, 1994 to 1999
    9. Characteristics of recipients of income support paid in respect of unemployment, 1989 to 1999
      1. Characteristics of Newstart Allowees, 1992 to 1999
      2. Characteristics of Job Search Allowees, 1989 to 1996
      3. Characteristics of Youth Training Allowees, 1995 to 1998
      4. Characteristics of Youth Allowees (Other), 1999
    10. Student assistance
      1. Characteristics of Youth Allowees (full-time students), 1999
      2. Characteristics of AUSTUDY recipients, 1989 to 1998
      3. Characteristics of ABSTUDY recipients, 1989 to 1999
      4. Characteristics of recipients of Austudy Payment, 1999
    11. Payments to veterans
      1. Characteristics of Service Pensioners, 1989 to 1999
      2. Characteristics of recipients of DVA Income Support Supplement, 1995 to 1999
    12. Other income support payments
      1. Characteristics of Special Beneficiaries, 1989 to 1999
      2. Number of Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) program participants
    13. Payments overseas or under Agreements
      1. Numbers of recipients of FaCS payments made outside Australia by payment type, 1989 to 1990
      2. Numbers of recipients of FaCS payments made under Agreements by payment type, 1994 to 1999
      3. Numbers of recipients of FaCS payments made under the Social Security Agreements by payment by country
  3. Supplementary payments and other services
    1. Characteristics of recipients of Rent Assistance, 1989 to 1999
    2. Characteristics of recipients of Family Allowances, 1989 to 1999
    3. Characteristics of recipients of other selected payments by payment type, 1989 to 1999
    4. Characteristics of recipients of disability services and child care services, 1989 to 1999
  4. Expenditure on payments
    1. Expenditure on income support and related payments by payment type ($’000), 1989 to 1999
  5. Selected FaCS maximum rates
    1. Selected FaCS maximum rates ($/wk), 1989 to 1999
  6. Wages, prices, GDP, Government expenditure
    1. Wages, prices, Gross Domestic Product, Government expenditure (current values), 1989 to 1999
  7. Demography and labour force
    1. Estimated resident population by age and sex, 1989 to 1999
    2. Civilian labour force by age, sex, marital status and labour force status, 1989 to 1999
  8. Appendixes
    1. Appendix A: A short genealogy of income support payments
    2. Appendix B: Income support recipients at June 1999
    3. Appendix C: Means testing of FaCS income support payments, 1989 to 1999

Figures

  1. Genealogy of income support payments
  2. Income support recipients at 30 June 1999
  3. Workforce age recipients by payment type, June 1999
  4. Women - Rates of receipt of income support by age and payment type June 1999
  5. Men - Rates of receipt of income support by age and payment type June 1999

Introduction

1.1 Scope

This compendium comprises recipient numbers, characteristics and expenditure for all Department of Family and Community Services (FaCS) income support payments and a number of supplementary payments and other services for the period June 1989 to June 1999. For completeness, it also includes the numbers of recipients of Service Pensions, student assistance and payments under the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) program, along with a selection of demographic, economic and labour force statistics.

The compendium is intended as a ready reference of statistics for a wide audience. It should be used in conjunction with relevant departmental annual reports, portfolio budget statements and other documents of record when discussing trends or the effects of policy measures.

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1.2 Sources

The primary sources are the annual reports of FaCS, the Department of Veteran’s Affairs, the Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission. Reports  to Parliament on the operations of the Social Security Act 1991, the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 and the Student Assistance Act 1973 were also consulted, along with FaCS’ statistical overviews of recipients.

Where FaCS’ figures have been revised or series extended, data have been drawn from unpublished historical microfiche. Other sources are identified in footnotes to the tables.

Demographic, economic and labour force statistics are drawn from the Australian Bureau of
Statistics and were the most recent available at the date of compilation.

Footnotes also identify changes in series or policy changes with significant effects.

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1.3 Order of tables

Tables 2.1 and 2.2 summarise the number of and expenditure on income support and related payments for the period June 1989 to June 1999.

Tables 2.3 through to 2.13 deal with individual income support payments. The number of tables reflects the complex structure of and the numerous changes to income support payments over the past decade. Substantial changes are generally accompanied by new tables
(for instance, the tables for AUSTUDY end in 1998 and new tables for Youth Allowance appear for 1999). Lesser changes are outlined in footnotes, with more  detail in appendixes.

  • Appendix A is designed to help readers track the various changes to the payment types.
  • Appendix B offers an integrated picture of the rates of receipt of all income support payments at June 1999.
  • Appendix C offers an overview of the means testing of FaCS payments, including tables to help readers interpret the reported intervals of income and assets in the main tables.

Tables 3.1 to 3.4 deal with selected supplementary payments and services. Table 4 deals with expenditure. Tables 5, 6 and 7 offer information on FaCS rates of payment along with additional economic, labour force and demographic information.

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1.4 Conventions and notation

All values reported are at 30 June of the indicated year, except where otherwise noted. Where the reported value of an item is zero, the cell is left blank whether the actual count was zero or because the only valid value was zero.

For example, in Table 2.2 the cell reporting the number of Rehabilitation Allowees in 1998 is blank as the count of recipients was zero, whereas the cell for Parenting Payment (Partnered) for 1994 is blank because the payment did not exist at June 1994.

The notation ‘n/a’ (for ‘not available’) is used where a cell might have a valid value but none was published or recorded.

For example, in Table 2.3 the number of male Age Pensioners born in New Zealand is cited as 4 574 in 1995 (when a value was reported) and n/a in 1996 (when a value was not reported). Values are italicised to draw readers’ attention to variations in the reporting of cell values.

For example:

  • The reported numbers of recipients under the various income intervals for 1989 to 1993 inclusive are italicised to indicate that the reported intervals vary from year to year in an irregular fashion. Readers should consult Appendix C for the relevant detail.
  • From 1992, the reported numbers of Age Pensioners aged 75 years or more is in plain type, while values reported in italics show the population 75 years or more disaggregated into five-year age groups. The italics draw attention to the disaggregation.

Most other such instances are accompanied by explanatory footnotes. January 2001

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2 Income support payments

2.1 Summary of income support recipients and dependent children, June 1989 to June 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Includes recipients of FaCS pensions and allowances, recipients of DVA service pensions and income support supplements, recipients of student assistance administered by FaCS and DETYA and recipients of Community Development Employment Projects payments administered by ATSIC. See Appendix A for a full list of income support payments at 30 June 1999.
  2. Based on ABS estimated resident population (see table 7.1).
  3. Men of workforce age are those aged 15 to 64 years inclusive, women those aged 15 to 59 years inclusive. As the age categories reported for each payment type vary, this estimate was derived from a range of other data sources and cannot be directly replicated from the tables for each payment type.
  4. Most dependent children are under 16 years of age, though the figure also includes dependent students aged 16 to 24 years of age.
Income support recipients1 3,250,234 3,321,937 3,690,609 4,035,539 4,174,781 4,315,196 4,610,817 4,798,709 4,783,957 4,796,810 4,759,352

Percentage of population 15 or more years of age2

24.8% 25.0% 27.3% 29.5% 30.2% 30.8% 32.5% 33.3% 32.8% 32.3% 31.6%
Recipients of workforce age3 1,534,465 1,590,855 1,914,842 2,195,988 2,272,147 2,355,409 2,578,555 2,744,074 2,703,616 2,692,926 2,627,742
Percentage of population of workforce age 14.1% 14.4% 17.1% 19.4% 19.9% 20.4% 22.1% 23.2% 22.5% 22.1% 21.3%
Dependent children4 In families where the parents receive income support 724,080 705,083 820,224 929,908 963,498 981,127 983,429 1,173,295 1,196,183 1,220,439 1,225,877
In low income families where the parents do not receive income support but do receive more than the minimum rate of family payment 411,162 437,510 455,547 565,585 660,454 701,923 687,943 585,849 625,047 578,988 544,745
In families receiving only the minimum rate of family payment 2,625,220 2,529,932 2,423,675 2,224,595 2,100,465 1,855,949 1,814,944 1,738,823 1,669,930 1,619,438 1,670,572
Total dependent children 3,760,462 3,672,525 3,699,446 3,720,088 3,724,417 3,538,999 3,486,316 3,497,967 3,491,160 3,418,865 3,441,194
Population in respect ofwhom income support orfamily payments are made 7,010,696 6,994,462 7,390,055 7,755,627 7,899,198 7,854,195 8,097,133 8,296,676 8,275,117 8,215,675 8,200,546
Percentage of the total population 41.6% 40.9% 42.7% 44.2% 44.6% 43.9% 44.7% 45.2% 44.5% 43.7% 43.3%
Expenditure ($’000) 21,286,733 23,341,740 27,340,133 31,759,163 34,566,745 37,335,463 38,221,497 40,769,987 43,175,027 43,444,255 44,565,845
As a percentage ofCommonwealth outlays 25.7% 26.4% 28.2% 30.6% 31.0% 31.8% 31.1% 31.1% 32.0% 32.3% 30.3%
As a percentage ofGross Domestic Product 6.28% 6.31% 7.21% 8.20% 8.52% 8.67% 8.39% 8.39% 8.36% 7.71% 7.53%

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2.2 Summary of income support recipients by payment type, June 1989 to June 1999

 
Payment 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Figures for 1989 to 1994 inclusive, are estimates of the dependent partners of allowees. See table 2.3.3 (Partner Allowance) for details.
Age Pensioners 1,334,310 1,340,468 1,375,849 1,446,168 1,515,682 1,581,874 1,578,698 1,602,834 1,680,214 1,682,618 1,715,792
Disability Support Pensioners 307,795 316,713 334,234 378,558 406,572 436,234 464,430 499,235 527,514 553,336 577,682
Sheltered Employment Allowance and Wives 10,435 10,124 10,148                
Rehabilitation Allowance and Wives 2,543 2,792 4,638 2,500 745 198 41 14 3    
Sickness Allowance 79,017 79,851 72,647 43,641 45,226 45,848 46,050 34,518 15,633 16,285 11,181
Wife pension (partner receives
Age Pension)
22,609 23,766 26,537 30,902 33,520 36,539 39,611 41,125 36,577 36,233 32,196
Wife pension (partner receives
Disability Support Pension)
89,890 91,068 94,006 101,731 108,327 116,036 121,839 107,803 91,307 79,892 68,532
Carer Payment 8,012 8,798 10,158 12,630 15,045 17,699 20,098 25,037 29,558 33,979 40,070
Partner Allowance5 156,500 161,200 233,400 242,300 254,800 237,500 216,739 69,891 70,170 77,746 80,497
Parenting Payment (Single) 239,469 248,886 265,720 287,228 298,444 313,437 324,941 342,290 358,893 372,286 384,821
Parenting Payment (Partnered)               237,321 239,317 236,550 227,677
Bereavement Allowance 116 222 315 342 83 91 44 59 46 51 53
Widow B Pension 83,526 78,725 74,124 69,066 64,633 59,916 54,936 49,875 18,820 13,579 10,519
Widow Allowance             8,733 11,723 17,508 24,759 27,524
Mature Age Allowances           37,758 54,118 57,886 60,737 55,132 46,969
Unemployment Payments 379,317 406,049 650,936 831,015 889,566 848,598 794,821 824,957 801,823 790,305 713,387
Youth Allowance: Full-time Students                     303,692
AUSTUDY 246,000 269,475 327,652 381,749 341,129 394,062 394,259 410,808 361,497 352,148  
ABSTUDY 19,363 17,271 17,862 23,266 33,857 24,425 32,137 36,154 42,455 43,822 45,528
Austudy Payment                     47,170
DVA Service Pension and
Income Support Supplement
392,741 386,348 377,909 371,606 371,551 352,883 411,838 399,989 387,054 387,596 382,287
CDEP participants 10,800 13,800 17,772 20,095 21,898 24,051 27,041 28,305 30,131 30,257 31,967
Special Benefit 24,291 27,581 30,102 35,042 28,503 25,542 20,440 18,885 14,700 10,236 11,808
Total 3,406,734 3,321,937 3,690,609 4,035,539 4,174,781 4,315,196 4,610,817 4,798,709 4,783,957 4,796,810 4,759,352

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2.3 Characteristics of Age Pensioners, June 1989 to June 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From April 1993, the Pensioner Health Benefit Card (later the Pensioner Concession Card) was issued automatically to all pensioners.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational.
Males 403,339 404,486 418,383 447,888 481,196 514,217 544,571 570,328 597,859 613,587 634,112
Females 930,971 935,982 957,466 998,280 1,034,486 1,067,657 1,034,127 1,032,506 1,082,355 1,069,031 1,081,680
Persons 1,334,310 1,340,468 1,375,849 1,446,168 1,515,682 1,581,874 1,578,698 1,602,834 1,680,214 1,682,618 1,715,792
Age pensioners as % of population aged 65+ (males) and 60+ (females)
Males 51.3 50.0 50.0 52.0 54.2 56.4 58.3 59.5 61.0 61.4 62.2
Females 65.1 64.3 64.5 66.2 67.7 68.8 65.7 64.5 66.5 64.7 64.3
By age groups
Males
65-69 111,349 116,531 129,578 154,350 181,739 207,233 226,134 235,019 238,537 234,621 231,636
70-74 107,051 101,542 100,253 102,917 107,640 115,262 125,113 140,133 161,806 181,982 201,756
75+ 184,939 186,413 188,552 190,621 191,817 191,722 193,324 195,176 197,516 196,984 200,720
75-79 n/a n/a n/a 95,064 91,440 87,083 85,332 85,500 87,721 88,969 94,045
80-84 n/a n/a n/a 61,393 64,049 66,104 67,468 67,257 65,860 62,129 59,133
85-89 n/a n/a n/a 26,372 27,817 29,286 30,654 31,742 32,684 33,975 34,991
90-94 n/a n/a n/a 6,749 7,443 8,090 8,577 9,161 9,626 10,176 10,705
95 or more n/a n/a n/a 1,043 1,068 1,159 1,293 1,516 1,625 1,735 1,846
Females
60-64 166,007 167,252 175,269 192,664 202,606 210,482 211,685 193,988 208,299 187,256 189,393
65-69 197,335 197,859 199,645 206,140 215,008 224,657 221,391 229,398 243,097 245,263 247,237
70-74 188,828 185,058 188,300 194,006 200,659 207,722 194,425 195,064 202,960 206,492 212,546
75+ 378,801 385,813 394,252 405,470 416,213 424,796 406,626 414,056 427,999 430,020 432,504
75-79 n/a n/a n/a 178,179 177,423 174,613 160,751 162,602 168,614 169,787 171,684
80-84 n/a n/a n/a 127,544 133,340 139,500 135,531 136,026 137,632 134,286 129,923
85-89 n/a n/a n/a 67,025 71,133 74,693 74,687 78,002 81,975 84,545 87,439
90-94 n/a n/a n/a 25,600 27,022 28,442 28,153 29,474 31,391 32,900 34,578
95 or more n/a n/a n/a 7,122 7,295 7,548 7,504 7,952 8,387 8,502 8,880
Persons
60-64 166,007 167,252 175,269 192,664 202,606 210,482 211,685 193,988 208,299 187,256 189,393
65-69 308,684 314,390 329,223 360,490 396,747 431,890 447,525 464,417 481,634 479,884 478,873
70-74 295,879 286,600 288,553 296,923 308,299 322,984 319,538 335,197 364,766 388,474 414,302
75+ 563,740 572,226 582,804 596,091 608,030 616,518 599,950 609,232 625,515 627,004 633,224
75-79 n/a n/a n/a 273,243 268,863 261,696 246,083 248,102 256,335 258,756 265,729
80-84 n/a n/a n/a 188,937 197,389 205,604 202,999 203,283 203,492 196,415 189,056
85-89 n/a n/a n/a 93,397 98,950 103,979 105,341 109,744 114,659 118,520 122,430
90-94 n/a n/a n/a 32,349 34,465 36,532 36,730 38,635 41,017 43,076 45,283
95 or more n/a n/a n/a 8,165 8,363 8,707 8,797 9,468 10,012 10,237 10,726
Estimated average age (years)
Males n/a n/a n/a 73.7 73.4 73.2 73.0 73.1 72.9 72.9 72.9
Females n/a n/a n/a 72.8 72.8 72.8 72.7 73.0 72.9 72.9 73.2
Rates paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 135,215 135,482 139,315 147,066 156,745 165,054 172,363 163,849 170,277 174,675 186,358
Females 641,313 645,390 675,372 673,804 676,919 682,467 628,595 606,619 634,276 625,751 624,418
Persons 776,528 780,872 814,687 820,870 833,664 847,521 800,958 770,468 804,553 800,426 810,776
Married rate (couple)
Males 268,124 269,004 279,068 300,822 324,451 349,163 372,208 406,479 427,582 438,912 447,754
Females 289,658 290,592 300,094 324,476 357,567 385,190 405,532 425,887 448,079 443,280 457,262
Persons 557,782 559,596 579,162 625,298 682,018 734,353 777,740 832,366 875,661 882,192 905,016
Maximum rate
Male 296,730 285,581 280,360 295,972 319,661 333,801 346,257 351,696 381,114 397,094 412,362
Female 677,819 659,514 644,401 664,041 699,564 714,026 716,550 696,944 751,184 746,017 756,032
Persons 974,549 945,095 924,761 960,013 1,019,225 1,047,827 1,062,807 1,048,640 1,132,298 1,143,111 1,168,394
Reduced rate
Male 106,609 118,905 138,023 151,916 161,535 180,416 198,314 218,632 216,745 216,493 221,750
Female 253,152 276,468 313,065 334,239 334,922 353,631 317,577 335,562 331,171 323,014 325,648
Persons 359,761 395,373 451,088 486,155 496,457 534,047 515,891 554,194 547,916 539,507 547,398
Number with PHB Card 6
Male 349,487 349,391 365,942 384,420 468,626 End of series          
Female 774,547 775,748 803,266 824,588 1,020,472            
Persons 1,124,034 1,125,139 1,169,208 1,209,008 1,489,098            
Supplementary payments 7
Male
Receiving additional pension for children 442 n/a 291 286 n/a End of series          
Receiving mother’s/guardian’s allowance 265 253 275 276 n/a            
Receiving remote area allowance 2,440 2,496 2,791 2,957 3,203            
Female
Receiving additional pension for children 4,158 n/a 2,471 2,681 n/a            
Receiving mother’s/guardian’s allowance 2,296 2,275 2,154 2,159 n/a            
Receiving remote area allowance 4,040 4,117 4,555 4,775 5,120            
Persons
Receiving additional pension for children 4,600 2,806 2,762 2,967 n/a            
Receiving mother’s/guardian’s allowance 2,561 2,528 2,429 2,435 n/a            
Receiving remote area allowance 6,480 6,613 7,346 7,732 8,323            
Grants
New grants 62,245 63,955 81,390 107,310 End of series            
Transfers from other pensions 34,933 37,457 39,850 29,872              
Total grants 97,178 101,412 121,240 137,182              
Paid under income test
Single-Male
Nil 24,145 24,128 24,167 24,897 25,972 27,138 28,560 29,517 24,800 26,720 27,300
Up to the free area 71,589 76,921 73,375 79,198 85,809 90,432 92,257 82,258 94,160 96,360 101,476
Up to the free area plus child disregard 14,546 18,528 22,389 24,125 23,763 7,902 8,054 7,827 7,044 6,701 7,173
Over free area plus child disregard 12,858 15,034 18,557 16,988 18,284 35,591 37,878 39,718 38,595 37,598 38,688
Single-Female
Nil 99,044 90,730 89,141 88,587 88,757 88,448 89,346 89,817 87,460 89,075 88,165
Up to the free area 358,873 368,074 352,047 366,377 379,956 384,322 377,999 353,382 385,757 380,287 376,718
Up to the free area plus child disregard 51,272 66,591 81,210  84,402 75,618 24,955 24,523 24,587 21,925 20,526 20,909
Over free area plus child disregard 98,638  116,888 131,776 127,284  123,540 173,446 122,275 127,684 125,540 118,409 115,380
Single-Persons
Nil 123,189 114,858 113,308 113,484 114,729 115,586 117,906 119,334 112,260 115,795 115,465
Up to the free area 430,462 444,995 425,422 445,575 465,765 474,754 470,256 435,640 479,917 476,647 478,194
Up to the free area plus child disregard 65,818 85,119 103,599  108,527  99,381 32,857 32,577 32,414 28,969 27,227 28,082
Over free area plus child disregard 111,496 131,922 150,333 144,272 141,824 209,037 160,153 167,402 164,135 156,007 154,068
Couple-Male
Nil 20,376 16,528 16,313 16,494 17,582 18,333 20,087 24,287 18,576 21,699 23,303
Up to the free area 181,862 169,469 161,668 177,848 192,655 201,320 209,438 219,034 244,839 250,358 259,166
Up to the free area plus child disregard 38,737 46,670 56,732 59,228 62,882 12,984 12,433 13,779 13,520 12,410 12,829
Over free area plus child disregard 35,307 33,613 41,267 39,081 37,988 99,210 105,712 126,367 120,518 118,141 111,405
Couple-Female
Nil 22,878 18,679 18,746 18,814 19,736 20,147 21,614 24,414 20,167 22,597 24,543
Up to the free area 200,334 185,202 176,742 192,963 212,543 221,675 228,553 229,757 257,950 251,384 265,357
Up to the free area plus child disregard 43,474 49,342 59,403 61,815 65,698 13,604 12,876 13,781 13,399 12,086 12,789
Over free area plus child disregard 50,065 34,652 42,212 42,328 45,309 111,227 116,388 134,482 126,031 119,361 111,745
Couple-Persons
Nil 43,254 35,207 35,059 35,308 37,318 38,480 41,701 48,701 38,743 44,296 47,846
Up to the free area 382,196 354,671 338,410 370,811 405,198 422,995 437,991 448,791 502,789 501,742 524,523
Up to the free area plus child disregard 82,211 96,012 116,135 121,043 128,580 26,588 25,309 27,560 26,919 24,496 25,618
Over free area plus child disregard 85,372 68,265 83,479 81,409 83,297 210,437 222,100 260,849 246,549 237,502 223,150
Paid under assets test
Up to non-homeowner threshold 189 275 171 495 2,726 3,295 4,482 3,342 4,427 5,794 9,714
Over non-homeowner threshold 566 596 656 1,363 191 696 1,132 1,187 1,251 1,502 2,007
Single-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold 554 1,198 1,047 2,643 8,387 9,135 11,329 8,084 10,241 13,336 18,289
Over non-homeowner threshold 1,878 1,909 2,149 4,511 661 2,161 3,123 3,065 3,353 4,118 4,957
Single-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 743 1,473 1,218 3,138 11,113 12,430 15,811 11,426 14,668 19,130 28,003
Over non-homeowner threshold 2,444 2,505 2,805 5,874 852 2,857 4,255 4,252 4,604 5,620 6,964
Couple-Male
Up to non-homeowner threshold 610 500 255 1,290 9,120 10,133 13,420 11,055 15,827 20,025 23,152
Over non-homeowner threshold 2,554 2,224 2,833 6,881 4,224 7,581 11,118 11,957 14,302 16,279 17,899
Couple-Female
Up to non-homeowner threshold 809 530 255 1,343 9,709 11,062 14,269 11,343 16,007 20,885 23,914
Over non-homeowner threshold 3,152 2,187 2,738 7,213 4,572 8,213 11,832 12,110 14,525 16,967 18,914
Couple-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 1,419 1,030 510 2,633 18,829 17,714 27,689 22,398 31,834 40,910 47,066
Over non-homeowner threshold 5,706 4,411 5,571 14,094 8,796 15,794 22,950 24,067 28,827 33,246 36,813
Home ownership
Owners
Males 299,679 298,993 310,765 335,193 361,264 384,566 407,966 417,097 439,699 444,699 461,354
Females 619,796 618,916 637,835 672,608 703,723 724,986 702,346 695,303 724,358 697,937 711,104
Persons 919,475 917,909 948,600 1,007,801 1,064,987 1,109,552 1,110,312 1,112,400 1,164,057 1,142,636 1,172,458
Non-owners
Males 103,660 105,493 107,618 112,695 119,932 129,651 136,605 153,231 158,160 168,888 172,758
Females 311,175 317,066 319,631 325,672 330,763 342,671 331,781 337,203 357,997 371,094 370,576
Persons 414,835 422,559 427,249 438,367 450,695 472,322 468,386 490,434 516,157 539,982 543,334
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 261,022 255,968 262,373 279,372 299,246 321,546 339,089 347,437 360,146 364,991 374,668
UK/Ireland/Eire 54,098 51,762 54,071 56,611 60,105 62,956 65,689 68,433 70,802 72,160 73,821
Italy 20,331 23,175 25,655 29,181 32,279 35,533 38,222 41,670 44,976 47,602 49,645
Greece 5,824 6,703 7,414 8,409 9,546 10,927 12,187 13,314 14,600 15,676 17,181
Netherlands 5,580 6,357 6,741 7,241 8,468 9,629 10,404 10,971 11,696 12,135 12,483
New Zealand 3,110 3,331 3,480 3,778 4,032 4,293 4,575 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Poland 10,181 11,074 11,464 11,783 n/a 11,829 11,709 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 43,193 46,116 47,185 51,513 67,520 57,504 62,696 88,503 95,639 101,023 106,314
Females
Australia 680,385 678,993 690,814 718,002 742,043 765,900 724,705 711,451 726,299 710,949 713,351
UK/Ireland/Eire 110,466 107,608 112,222 115,240 117,381 119,066 117,314 117,492 122,533 120,397 121,526
Italy 28,355 30,995 33,335 35,969 38,248 40,669 42,742 44,369 47,281 47,980 49,667
Greece 9,789 11,229 12,353 13,510 14,733 16,289 17,900 18,669 21,097 21,895 23,438
Netherlands 8,557 9,680 10,170 10,764 11,951 13,219 13,769 13,988 14,770 14,978 15,319
New Zealand 6,766 7,186 7,429 7,865 8,291 8,510 7,997 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Poland 11,167 11,681 11,913 12,123 n/a 12,483 12,648 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 75,486 78,610 79,230 84,807 101,839 91,521 97,052 126,537 150,375 152,832 158,379
Persons
Australia 941,407 934,961 953,187 997,374 1,041,289 1,087,446 1,063,794 1,058,888 1,086,445 1,075,940 1,088,019
UK/Ireland/Eire 164,564 159,370 166,293 171,851 177,486 182,022 183,003 185,925 193,335 192,557 195,347
Italy 48,686 54,170 58,990 65,150 70,527 76,202 80,964 86,039 92,257 95,582 99,312
Greece 15,612 17,932 19,767 21,919 24,279 27,216 30,087 31,983 35,697 37,571 40,619
Netherlands 14,137 16,037 16,911 18,005 20,419 22,848 24,173 24,959 26,466 27,113 27,802
New Zealand 9,876 10,517 10,909 11,643 12,323 12,803 12,572 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Poland 21,348 22,755 23,377 23,906 n/a 24,312 24,357 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 118,680 124,726 126,415 136,320 169,359 149,025 159,748 215,040 246,014 253,855 264,693

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2.4 Disability and sickness payments

2.4.1 Characteristics of Disability Support Pensioners, June 1989 to June 19998

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From 1995 to 1998, includes recipients of Disability Wage Supplement.
  2. From April 1993, the Pensioner Health Benefit Card (later the Pensioner Concession Card) was issued automatically to all pensioners.
  3. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational.
Males 227,285 233,251 244,699 273,697 291,471 309,123 324,672 340,256 352,607 361,539 373,340
Females 80,510 83,462 89,535 104,861 115,101 127,111 139,758 158,979 174,907 191,797 204,342
Persons 307,795 316,713 334,234 378,558 406,572 436,234 464,430 499,235 527,514 553,336 577,682
By age groups
Males
Under 20 4,370 4,340 4,363 6,412 6,634 5,396 5,950 6,397 7,161 7,733 8,384
20-29 14,899 15,312 16,331 19,135 20,498 23,370 24,725 25,871 27,019 27,987 29,197
30-39 22,380 23,029 24,737 31,272 34,422 37,568 40,677 43,769 46,502 48,112 49,799
40-49 36,063 37,142 39,416 45,764 49,601 53,724 57,745 62,226 65,097 68,025 71,816
50-59 74,304 73,812 76,364 83,929 89,559 96,009 102,554 108,894 114,126 115,979 118,652
60-64 71,360 75,461 79,021 82,977 86,725 89,531 89,285 89,201 90,482 91,121 93,097
65 and over 3,909 4,155 4,467 4,208 4,032 3,525 3,736 3,898 2,220 2,582 2,395
Females
Under 20 3,493 3,468 3,337 4,881 4,938 4,006 4,345 4,642 5,152 5,445 5,742
20-29 10,779 10,978 11,604 12,949 13,835 15,925 17,020 18,117 19,011 20,016 20,666
30-39 14,216 14,555 15,438 18,497 19,955 21,686 23,467 25,693 27,458 28,597 29,938
40-49 21,499 22,657 24,730 29,189 31,908 34,779 37,577 41,351 43,853 46,082 49,265
50-59 29,378 30,650 33,297 38,324 43,520 49,843 56,382 65,430 75,454 81,312 87,254
60-64 615 654 675 613 577 542 653 3,434 3,798 10,159 11,262
65 and over 530 500 454 408 368 330 314 312 181 186 215
Persons
Under 20 7,863 7,808 7,700 11,293 11,572 9,402 10,295 11,039 12,313 13,178 14,126
20-29 25,678 26,290 27,935 32,084 34,333 39,295 41,745 43,988 46,030 48,003 49,863
30-39 36,596 37,584 40,175 49,769 54,377 59,254 64,144 69,462 73,960 76,709 79,737
40-49 57,562 59,799 64,146 74,953 81,509 88,503 95,322 103,577 108,950 114,107 121,081
50-59 103,682 104,462 109,661 122,253 133,079 145,852 158,936 174,324 189,580 197,291 205,906
60-64 71,975 76,115 79,696 83,590 87,302 90,073 89,938 92,635 94,280 101,280 104,359
65 and over 4,439 4,655 4,921 4,616 4,400 3,855 4,050 4,210 2,401 2,768 2,610
Rates paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 103,537 106,452 112,890 131,692 141,489 150,708 160,094 168,993 179,724 190,199 213,907
Females 66,858 69,450 74,160 85,936 91,772 99,681 108,674 118,282 128,487 139,723 152,753
Persons 170,395 175,902 187,050 217,628 233,261 250,389 268,768 287,275 308,211 329,922 366,660
Married rate (couple)
Males 123,748 126,799 131,809 142,005 149,982 158,415 164,578 171,263 172,883 171,340 159,433
Females 13,652 14,012 15,375 18,925 23,329 27,430 31,084 40,697 46,420 52,074 51,589
Persons 137,400 140,811 147,184 160,930 173,311 185,845 195,662 211,960 219,303 223,414 211,022
Maximum rate
Males 197,949 200,004 209,044 233,712 253,456 265,957 277,223 285,866 300,313 301,782 312,647
Females 70,759 72,729 77,834 90,865 101,612 111,556 121,741 135,435 149,621 161,795 172,015
Persons 268,708 272,733 286,878 324,577 355,068 377,513 398,964 421,301 449,934 463,577 484,662
Reduced rate
Males 29,336 33,247 35,655 39,985 38,015 43,166 47,449 54,390 52,294 59,757 60,693
Females 9,751 10,733 11,701 13,996 13,489 15,555 18,017 23,544 25,286 30,002 32,327
Persons 39,087 43,980 47,356 53,981 51,504 58,721 65,466 77,934 77,580 89,759 93,020
Paid under income test
Single-Males
Nil 31,404 33,127 35,549 40,344 44,345 48,881 54,363 75,494 48,967 57,895 62,950
Up to the free area 25,525 27,278 28,643 35,032 38,151 41,322 44,141 31,902 67,969 68,468 72,514
Up to the free area plus child disregard 1,622 2,654 3,142 4,088 3,772 1,384 1,575 1,857 2,043 2,264 2,330
Over free area plus child disregard 1,704 6,265 6,691 6,239 5,340 7,782 8,155 8,630 9,078 10,381 13,757
Single persons
Nil 84,164 87,291 93,338 106,187 116,184 126,318 138,638 185,991 127,688 146,568 160,572
Up to the free area 66,605 69,993 72,579 88,082 95,942 101,610 105,761 74,625 153,137 151,618 164,324
Up to the free area plus child disregard 5,401 7,458 8,763 11,429 10,435 3,913 4,246 4,569 4,793 5,329 5,689
Over free area plus child disregard 5,263 10,866 12,048 11,299 10,123 17,683 18,936 21,091 21,498 24,372 32,479
Couple-Males
Nil 40,099 38,967 40,657 43,838 46,047 47,399 49,622 63,786 28,089 35,380 34,544
Up to the free area 61,240 61,549 62,066 69,164 77,792 80,856 81,990 69,436 107,575 93,761 87,515
Up to the free area plus child disregard 11,796 14,389 15,638 15,928 14,172 3,191 3,018 3,416 3,522 3,592 3,336
Over free area plus child disregard 11,899 11,176 12,731 11,569 10,310 24,622 26,870 31,811 30,820 32,871 28,251
Couple-Females
Nil 7,430 6,440 7,033 8,057 8,922 9,728 10,731 16,156 8,316 11,610 12,298
Up to the free area 6,359 5,879 6,385 7,802 9,580 10,839 11,796 11,891 24,520 24,024 24,295
Up to the free area plus child disregard 1,071 989 1,127 1,355 1,607 385 390 555 693 836 865
Over free area plus child disregard 5,218 657 788 1,586 3,047 6,150 7,720 11,451 12,118 13,974 12,358
Couple-Persons
Nil 47,529 45,407 47,690 51,895 54,968 57,127 60,353 79,942 36,405 46,990 46,842
Up to the free area 67,599 67,428 68,451 76,966 87,372 91,695 93,786 81,327 132,095 117,785 111,810
Up to the free area plus child disregard 12,867 15,378 16,765 17,283 15,780 3,576 3,408 3,971 4,215 4,428 4,201
Over free area plus child disregard 17,117 11,833 13,519 13,155 13,357 30,772 34,590 43,262 42,938 46,845 40,609
Paid under assets test
Single-Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold 94 80 71 156 355 471 627 473 533 1032 1995
Over non-homeowner threshold 99 88 116 242 36 82 120 127 132 288 399
Single-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold 46 85 87 141 146 268 367 320 346 570 1036
Over non-homeowner threshold 26 41 48 92 14 44 73 79 84 145 166
Single-Persons

 

Up to non-homeowner threshold 140 165 158 297 501 739 994 793 879 1602 3031
Over non-homeowner threshold 125 129 164 334 50 126 193 206 216 433 565
Couple-Males

 

Up to non-homeowner threshold 267 196 99 365 1,359 1702 2157 1928 1917 3585 3693
Over non-homeowner threshold 613 522 618 1,141 324 645 921 886 960 2,151 2,094
Couple-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold 42 11 12 32 137 233 304 424 491 1018 1122
Over non-homeowner threshold 63 36 30 93 40 94 143 220 282 612 651
Couple-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 309 207 111 397 1,496 1935 2461 2352 2408 4603 4815
Over non-homeowner threshold 676 558 648 1,234 364 739 1,064 1,106 1,242 2,763 2,745
Home ownereship
Owners
Males 111,997 112,985 116,907 125,407 131,520 137,230 140,903 145,999 147,501 147,435 148,804
Females 22,920 23,415 25,550 29,729 33,088 36,837 40,683 50,203 56,700 64,131 68,501
Persons 134,917 136,400 142,457 155,136 164,608 174,067 181,586 196,202 204,201 211,566 217,305
Non-owners
Males
115,288 120,266 127,792 148,290 159,951 171,893 183,769 194,257 205,106 214,104 224,536
Females 57,590 60,047 63,985 75,132 82,013 90,274 99,075 108,776 118,207 127,666 135,841
Persons 172,878 180,313 191,777 223,422 241,964 262,167 282,844 303,033 323,313 341,770 360,377
Number with PHB Card 9
Males 206,909 212,197 225,383 252,648              
Females 73,028 75,769 82,009 96,621 End of series            
Persons 279,937 287,966 307,392 349,269              
Supplementary payments10
Males
Receiving additional pension for children 3,901 n/a 3,153 2,972              
Receiving mother’s/guardian’s allowance 1,343 1,348 1,474 1,606 End of series            
Receiving remote area allowance 3,143 3,254 3,840 4,095              
Females
Receiving additional pension for children 10,521   9,484 10,764              
Receiving mother’s/guardian’s allowance 4,734 4,880 5,165 5,719              
Receiving remote area allowance 1,129 1,209 1,418 1,556              
Persons
Receiving additional pension for children 14,422 12,193 12,637 13,736              
Receiving mother’s/guardian’s allowance 6,077 6,228 6,639 7,325              
Receiving remote area allowance 4,272 4,463 5,258 5,651              
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 148,606 153,118 160,671 181,772 195,267 208,895 219,712 228,881 239,696 247,377 258,316
UK/Ireland 17,306 17,095 19,032 20,631 21,618 22,642 23,886 24,580 25,260 25,566 26,217
Italy 12,801 12,560 12,878 13,600 14,011 14,300 14,392 13,845 13,055 12,354 13,239
Greece 9,334 10,048 10,259 10,910 11,186 11,487 11,898 12,124 12,048 11,869 12,216
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 8,552 9,276 10,054 11,084 11,550 11,858 11,649 11,616 11,356 11,081 11,736
Other 30,686 31,154 31,805 35,700 37,839 39,941 43,135 49,210 51,192 53,292 51,616
Females
Australia 62,129 64,010 68,472 80,492 88,512 97,675 106,132 118,682 130,079 141,975 151,510
UK/Ireland 4,251 4,361 4,987 5,795 6,367 7,139 8,154 9,503 10,594 11,709 12,338
Italy 2,327 2,270 2,341 2,506 2,572 2,720 3,000 3,455 3,695 4,136 4,673
Greece 2,256 2,406 2,548 2,816 3,026 3,273 3,653 4,170 4,473 4,910 5,201
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 2,064 2,292 2,496 2,841 2,971 3,186 3,322 3,640 3,815 4,103 4,483
Other 7,483 8,123 8,691 10,411 11,653 13,118 15,497 19,529 22,251 24,964 26,137
Persons
Australia 210,734 217,128 229,143 262,264 283,779 306,570 325,844 347,563 369,775 389,352 409,826
UK/Ireland 21,557 21,456 24,019 26,426 27,985 29,781 32,040 34,083 35,854 37,275 38,555
Italy 15,128 14,830 15,219 16,106 16,583 17,020 17,392 17,300 16,750 16,490 17,912
Greece 11,590 12,454 12,807 13,726 14,212 14,760 15,551 16,294 16,521 16,779 17,417
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 10,616 11,568 12,550 13,925 14,521 15,044 14,971 15,256 15,171 15,184 16,219
Other 38,170 39,277 40,496 46,111 49,492 53,059 58,632 68,739 73,443 78,256 77,753

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2.4.2 Characteristics of Sheltered Employment Allowees and wives, 1989 to 199111

 
  1989 1990 1991  
  1. From November  1991, recipients were  transferred to Disability  Support  Pension  and their wives to Wife Pension.
Males 6,517 6,331 6,382

End of series

Females 3,918 3,793 3,766  
Persons 10,435 10,124 10,148  
By age groups
Males
<16     2  
16-19 472 360 293  
20-29 2,509 2,376 2,313  
30-39 1,895 1,932 2,009  
40-49 969 1,006 1,095  
50-59 492 483 504  
60-64 166 158 147  
65 and over 14 16 19  
Females
<16        
6-19 288 243 187  
20-29 1,612 1,503 1,460  
30-39 1,161 1,174 1,201  
40-49 599 633 658 End of series
50-59 248 234 246  
60-64 9 6 14  
65 and over 1      
Persons
<16 2      
16-19 760 603 480  
20-29 4,121 3,879 3,773  
30-39 3,056 3,106 3,210  
40-49 1,568 1,639 1,753  
50-59 740 717 750  
60-64 175 164 161  
65 and over 15 16 19  
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 5,817 5,732 5,788  
UK/Ireland 244 202 203  
New Zealand 45 49 53  
Vietnam 5 4 8  
Yugoslavia 29 20 24  
Other 378 324 306  
Females
Australia 3,540 3,467 3,427  
UK/Ireland 126 116 129  
New Zealand 19 19 21  
Vietnam 3 6 9  
Yugoslavia 13 11 16  
Other 217 174 164  
Persons
Australia 9,356 9,199 9,215  
UK/Ireland 370 318 332  
New Zealand 64 68 74  
Vietnam 8 10 17  
Yugoslavia 42 31 40 End of series
Other 595 498 470  
Rates paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 5,881 n/a 5,784  
Females 3,349 n/a 3,266  
Persons 9,230 n/a 9,050  
Married rate (couple)
Males 636 n/a 598  
Females 569 n/a 500  
Persons 1,205 n/a 1,098  
Maximum rate
Males 5,404 n/a 4,984  
Females 3,293 n/a 3,015  
Persons 8,697 n/a 7,999  
Reduced rate
Males 1,113 n/a 1,398  
Females 625 n/a 751  
Persons 1,738 n/a 2,149  
Paid under income test
Single-Males
Nil 150 n/a 281  
0.01-$40.00 4,687 n/a 4,061  
$40.01-$88.00 918 n/a 1,257  
Over $88.00 148 n/a 183  
Single-Females
Nil 93 n/a 139  
0.01-$40.00 2,792 n/a 2,407  
$40.01-$88.00 431 n/a 624  
Over $88.00 86 n/a 96  
Single-Persons
Nil 243 n/a 420  
0.01-$40.00 7,479 n/a 6,468  
$40.01-$88.00 1.349 n/a 1,881  
Over $88.00 234 n/a 279  
Married-Males
Nil 46 n/a 40  
0.01-$40.00 391 n/a 367  
$40.01-$88.00 120 n/a 144 End of series
Over $88.00 55 n/a 47  
Married-Females
Nil 41 n/a 35  
0.01-$40.00 320 n/a 292  
$40.01-$88.00 103 n/a 130  
Over $88.00 52 n/a 43  
Married-Persons
Nil 87 n/a 75  
0.01-$40.00 711 n/a 659  
$40.01-$88.00 223 n/a 274  
Over $88.00 107 n/a 90  
Paid under assets test ($)
Single-Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold 2 n/a 2  
Over non-homeowner  threshold   n/a    
Single-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold   n/a    
Over non-homeowner  threshold   n/a    
Single-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 2 n/a 2  
Over non-homeowner  threshold   n/a    
Couple-Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold   n/a    
Over non-homeowner  threshold   n/a End of series  
Couple-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold   n/a    
Over non-homeowner  threshold   n/a    
Couple-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold   n/a    
Over non-homeowner  threshold   n/a    

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2.4.3 Characteristics of Rehabilitation Allowees and wives, 1989 to 199712

Males

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997  
  1. From November  1991, there  were  no new  grants  of Rehabilitation Allowance and,  since  early  1998, there  have  no longer  been  any  recipients of this payment.
Males 1,332 1,442 2,455 1,329 396 102 19 9    
Females 1,211 1,350 2,183 1,171 349 96 22 5 3 End of series
Persons 2,543 2,792 4,638 2,500 745 198 41 14 3  
By age groups
Males
Under 16   2                
16-19 172 130 149 59 10          
20-29 440 415 682 354 113 32 5 2    
30-39 433 509 883 502 148 37 7 3    
40-49 223 295 564 317 108 28 5 4    
50-59 54 80 169 91 16 5 2      
60-64 9 11 8 5 1          
65 and over 1     1            
Females
Under 16 1 3 1            
16-19 160 139 150 59 6 2        
20-29 414 425 655 363 112 24 6 1    
30-39 393 425 744 422 137 38 8 3 2  
40-49 203 306 516 265 77 21 5      
50-59 40 52 115 62 17 11 3 1 1 End of series
60-64     1              
65 and over     1              
Persons
Under 16 1 5 1              
16-19 332 269 299 118 16 2        
20-29 854 840 1,337 717 225 56 11 3    
30-39 826 934 1,627 924 285 75 15 6 2  
40-49 426 601 1,080 582 185 49 10 4    
50-59 94 132 284 153 33 16 5 1 1  
60-64 9 11 9 5 1          
65 and over 1   1 1 0          
Rates Paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 841 n/a n/a 748 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Females 718 n/a n/a 585 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Persons 1,559 n/a n/a 1,333 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Married rate (couple)
Males 491 n/a n/a 581 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Females 493 n/a n/a 586 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Persons 984 n/a n/a 1,167 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Maximum rate
Males 1,201 n/a 2,291 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Females 1,052 n/a 1,934 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Persons 2,253 n/a 4,225 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Reduced rate
131 n/a 164 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Females 159 n/a 249 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Persons 290 n/a 413 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Paid under income test
Single-Males
Nil 494 n/a 1,055 584 171 47 9 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area 300 n/a 231 129 49 13 4 n/a n/a
Up to the free area plus child disregard 19 n/a 31 18 5     n/a n/a End of series
Over free area plus child disregard 24 n/a 26 16 9 3   n/a n/a  
Single-Females
Nil 433 n/a 788 405 103 23 4 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area 229 n/a 225 125 56 16 5 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area plus child disregard 23 n/a 44 28 4     n/a n/a  
Over free area plus child disregard 31 n/a 32 24 9 6 2 n/a n/a  
Single-Persons
Nil 927 n/a 1,843 989 274 70 13 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area 529 n/a 456 254 105 29 9 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area plus child disregard 42 n/a 75 46 9     n/a n/a  
Over free area plus child disregard 55 n/a 58 40 18 9 2 n/a n/a  
Married-Males
Nil 348 n/a 839 404 108 26 3 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area 52 n/a 133 91 29 6 2 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area plus child disregard 32 n/a 53 31 6     n/a n/a  
Over free area plus child disregard 56 n/a 87 55 19 7 1 n/a n/a  
Married-Females
Nil 350 n/a 822 404 114 32 7 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area 55 n/a 126 97 35 11 3 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area plus child disregard 32 n/a 55 29 6     n/a n/a  
Over free area plus child disregard 56 n/a 84 56 22 7 1 n/a n/a  
Nil 698 n/a 1,661 808 222 58 10 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area 107 n/a 259 188 64 17 5 n/a n/a  
Up to the free area plus child disregard 64 n/a 108 60 12 0   n/a n/a  
Over free area plus child disregard 112 n/a 171 111 41 14 2 n/a n/a  
Paid under assets test
Single-Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold 4 n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a  
Single-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold 2 n/a 7 n/a 1   n/a n/a n/a  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a  
Single-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 6 n/a 7 n/a 1   n/a n/a n/a  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a End of series
Couple-Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold 3 n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a  
Couple-Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a   1 n/a n/a n/a  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a     n/a n/a    
Couple-Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 3 n/a   n/a   1 n/a n/a n/a  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a   n/a     n/a n/a n/a  
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 1,035 1,072 1,801 995 300 81 16 n/a n/a  
UK/Ireland 81 119 246 101 24 4   n/a n/a  
New Zealand 15 24 42 27 7 3 2 n/a n/a  
Vietnam 13 25 44 25 12 3 n/a n/a n/a  
Yugoslavia 7 13 23 11 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Other 181 189 299 170 53 11 1 n/a n/a  
Females
Australia 958 1,049 1,742 935 289 76 16 n/a n/a  
UK/Ireland 59 88 159 75 18 4 3 n/a n/a  
New Zealand 18 24 41 19 2 n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Vietnam 9 26 33 19 8 3 1 n/a n/a  
Yugoslavia 3 5 13 15 4 1 n/a n/a n/a  
Other 164 158 195 108 28 12 2 n/a n/a  
Persons
Australia 1,993 2,121 3,543 1,747 511 134 26 n/a n/a  
UK/Ireland 140 207 405 266 83 21 8 n/a n/a  
New Zealand 33 48 83 80 14 n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Vietnam 22 51 77 137 49 17 3 n/a n/a  
Yugoslavia 10 18 36 26 4 1 n/a n/a n/a  
Other 345 347 494 278 81 23 3 n/a n/a  

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2.4.4 Characteristics of Sickness Allowees, 1989 to 1999 13

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Until September 1996, recipients of unemployment payments who  were  temporarily incapacitated were  transferred to Sickness Allowance. The drop  in numbers between 1996 and 1997 reflects  the change of practice whereby temporarily incapacitated recipients of unemployment payments remain  on that payment, rather  than transferring to Sickness Allowance.
  2. On the introduction of the Disability  Reform package in November  1991, long-term Sickness Allowees were transferred to Disability  Support  Pension. The cessation of transfers  to Sickness Allowance of temporarily incapacitated recipients of unemployment payments (in September 1996) also  reduced the number of Sickness Allowees with short durations.
  3. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational.
Males 56,916 57,143 51,882 30,474 30,878 30,422 30,317 22,251 10,635 11,166 7,799
Females 22,101 22,708 20,765 13,167 14,348 15,426 15,733 12,267 4,998 5,119 3,382
Persons 79,017 79,851 72,647 43,641 45,226 45,848 46,050 34,518 15,633 16,285 11,181
By age groups
Males
Under 18 441 443 244 182 220 286 317 189 100 88  
18-20 2,449 2,388 2,235 1,535 1,577 1,574 1,493 1,055 655 714 8
21-24 4,306 4,286 4,179 2,900 2,983 2,927 3,003 2,083 1,192 1,387 832
25-34 13,223 13,360 12,922 8,312 8,240 8,138 7,867 5,617 2,812 3,175 2,217
35-44 12,532 12,750 12,034 7,255 7,346 7,396 7,490 5,680 2,509 2,533 2,129
45-54 11,812 11,967 10,629 5,693 6,055 6,037 6,278 4,765 2,084 2,026 1,621
55-59 6,175 5,918 4,851 2,426 2,509 2,509 2,622 1,979 841 754 653
60-64 5,978 6,031 4,788 2,171 1,948 1,555 1,247 883 442 489 339
Females
Under 18 451 416 289 168 208 263 349 240 67 65  
18-20 2,058 2,071 1,850 1,205 1,294 1,367 1,388 829 392 399 3
21-24 2,552 2,525 2,279 1,663 1,834 1,916 1,964 1,466 681 678 400
25-34 4,923 4,914 4,644 3,089 3,204 3,361 3,506 2,754 1,207 1,276 922
35-44 5,436 5,359 4,839 3,074 3,239 3,476 3,496 2,783 1,069 1,086 808
45-54 5,430 6,132 5,768 3,482 3,888 4,131 4,252 3,429 1,278 1,267 982
55-59 1,251 1,291 1,096 486 681 912 778 727 286 305 239
60-64               39 18 43 28
Persons
Under 18 892 859 533 350 428 549 666 429 167 153  
18-20 4,507 4,459 4,085 2,740 2,871 2,941 2,881 1,884 1,047 1,113 11
21-24 6,858 6,811 6,458 4,563 4,817 4,843 4,967 3,549 1,873 2,065 1,232
25-34 18,148 18,274 17,566 11,401 11,444 11,499 11,373 8,371 4,019 4,451 3,139
35-44 17,967 18,109 16,873 10,329 10,585 10,872 10,986 8,463 3,578 3,619 2,937
45-54 17,243 18,099 16,397 9,175 9,943 10,168 10,530 8,194 3,362 3,293 2,603
55-59 7,425 7,209 5,947 2,912 3,190 3,421 3,400 2,706 1,127 1,059 892
60-64 5,977 6,031 4,788 2,171 1,948 1,555 1,247 922 460 498 367
Rates Paid
Males
Standard rate (single) 31,300 31,986 30,371 18,548 18,379 18,276 18,569 13,366 6,257 6,820 4,435
Without children 30,981 31,719 30,145 18,434 18,287 18,130 18,430 13,314 6,203 6,773 4,392
With children 319 267 226 114 92 146 139 52 54 47 43
Married rate (couple) 25,616 25,157 21,511 11,926 12,499 12,146 11,748 8,885 4,378 4,346 3,364
Without  children 12,753 12,799 10,705 5,818 12,467 5,395 5,138 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 12,855 12,347 10,789 6,108 32 6,751 6,610 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 7 11 16                
Females
Standard rate (single) 20,911 21,357 19,222 12,031 13,045 13,936 14,058 10,281 4,170 4,187 2,745
Without  children 19,817 20,533 18,626 11,789 12,818 13,296 13,413 10,072 4,028 3,988 2,621
With children 1,094 824 596 242 227 640 645 209 142 199 124
Married  rate (couple) 1,190 1,351 1,543 1,136 1,303 1,490 1,675 1,986 828 932 637
Without  children 681 808 1,001 699 890 820 933 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 508 535 538 437 413 670 742 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 1 8 4                
Persons
Standard rate (single) 52,211 53,343 49,593 30,579 31,424 32,212 32,627 23,647 10,427 11,007 7,180
Without  children 50,798 52,252 48,771 30,223 31,105 31,426 31,843 23,386 10,231 10,761 7,013
With children 1,413 1,091 822 356 319 786 784 261 196 246 167
Married  rate (couple) 26,806 26,508 23,054 13,062 13,802 13,636 13,423 10,871 5,206 5,278 4,001
Without  children 13,434 13,607 11,706 6,517 13,357 6,215 6,071 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 13,363 12,882 11,327 6,545 445 7,421 7,352 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 8 19 20                
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 36,807 36,711 34,527 22,175 22,726 22,347 21,703 16,155 8,087 8,788 5,927
UK/Ireland 4,302 4,246 3,710 2,355 2,315 2,281 2,133 1,491 654 660 444
Greece 1,619 1,545 1,233 484 506 470 471 400 n/a 93 n/a
Italy 1,599 1,462 1,276 603 536 464 n/a n/a 135 118 84
Yugoslavia 1,716 4,083 4,196 1,956 1,820 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 102
Americas 506 593 520 249 258 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 535 285 511 266 269 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Lebanon 1,872 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 475 n/a 139 n/a n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 1,202 1,214 1,043 365 338 n/a n/a 370 n/a n/a n/a
Other Asia 1,876 1,116 800 389 437 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle  East n/a 3,289 2,591 688 680 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand 1,048 n/a n/a n/a n/a 730 710 466 272 281 218
Oceania (other  than Australia  & NZ) 299 1,437 1,401 894 900 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 3,535 1,162 75 50 93 4,130 4,825 3,369 1,348 1,226 1,024
Females
Australia 16,101 16,358 15,087 10,142 11,118 11,884 11,873 9,398 4,022 4,143 2,667
UK/Ireland 1,391 1,470 1,334 844 948 917 918 668 255 270 179
Greece 381 387 333 155 154 170 171 159 n/a 26 n/a
Italy 285 299 261 109 123 138 n/a n/a 32 30 19
Yugoslavia 439 1,192 1,312 646 658 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 34
Americas 234 283 266 129 154 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 219 142 195 112 114 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Lebanon 326 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 129 n/a 26 n/a n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 318 337 358 120 133 n/a n/a 152 n/a n/a n/a
Other Asia 661 536 410 222 294 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle  East n/a 670 514 159 149 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand 577 n/a n/a n/a n/a 435 449 314 134 128 117
Oceania (other  than Australia  & NZ) 135 717 673 503 478 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 1,034 316 22 26 25 1,882 2,193 1,576 529 522 366
Persons
Australia 52,908 53,069 49,614 32,317 33,844 34,231 33,576 25,553 12,109 12,931 8,594
UK/Ireland 5,693 5,716 5,044 3,199 3,263 3,198 3,051 2,159 909 930 623
Greece 2,000 1,932 1,566 639 660 640 642 559 n/a 119  
Italy 1,884 1,761 1,537 712 659 602 n/a n/a 167 148 103
Yugoslavia 2,155 5,275 5,508 2,602 2,478 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 136
Americas 740 876 786 378 412 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 754 428 706 378 383 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Lebanon 2,198 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 604 n/a 165 n/a n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 1,520 1,551 1,401 485 471 n/a n/a 522 n/a n/a n/a
Other Asia 2,537 1,652 1,210 611 731 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle  East n/a 3,959 3,105 847 829 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand 1,625 n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,165 1,159 780 406 409 335
Oceania (other  than Australia  & NZ) 434 2,154 2,074 1,397 1,378 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 1,034 316 22 26 25 1,882 2,193 1,576 529 522 366
Duration of Allowance 14 4,569 1,478 97 76 118 6,012 7,018 4,945 1,877 1,748 1,390
Males
Up to 7 weeks 11,074 10,683 9,696 8,050 8,030 7,344 7,512 3,971 2,541 2,461 1,781
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 9,291 8,676 7,904 6,443 6,459 6,035 6,258 3,035 1,388 1,686 1,236
Over 3 months,  up to 6 months 8,330 8,957 8,915 6,371 6,781 6,913 6,639 6,199 1,711 1,820 1,655
Over 6 months,  up to 1 year 9,779 10,033 10,274 5,968 6,725 6,888 6,636 6,393 1,501 1,719 1,732
Over 1 year,  up to 2 years 9,222 8,999 7,888 2,664 2,682 3,013 3,011 2,457 1,659 1,540 928
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 4,554 4,414 3,167 572 156 193 224 156 824 1,165 263
Over 3 years 4,664 5,381 4,038 405 45 36 37 40 1,011 775 203
Females
Up to 7 weeks 4,379 4,309 3,845 3,322 3,625 3,525 3,596 1,675 1,225 1,042 718
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 3,923 3,638 3,093 2,824 3,022 3,225 3,282 1,565 685 770 494
Over 3 months,  up to 6 months 3,213 3,744 3,597 2,658 3,096 3,287 3,319 3,557 812 885 665
Over 6 months,  up to 1 year 3,531 3,770 3,905 2,585 3,075 3,522 3,607 3,728 684 786 834
Over 1 year,  up to 2 years 3,610 3,454 3,293 1,280 1,435 1,742 1,753 1,621 776 704 437
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 1,669 1,823 1,369 300 72 105 157 97 386 550 120
Over 3 years 1,776 1,970 1,664 198 23 20 19 24 430 382 115
Persons
Up to 7 weeks 15,453 14,992 13,541 11,372 11,655 10,869 11,108 5,646 3,766 3,503 2,499
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 13,214 12,314 10,996 9,267 9,481 9,260 9,540 4,600 2,073 2,456 1,730
Over 3 months,  up to 6 months 11,543 12,701 12,512 9,029 9,877 10,200 9,958 9,756 2,523 2,705 2,320
Over 6 months,  up to 1 year 13,310 13,803 14,179 8,553 9,800 10,410 10,243 10,121 2,185 2,505 2,566
Over 1 year,  up to 2 years 12,832 12,453 11,180 3,944 4,117 4,755 4,764 4,078 2,435 2,244 1,365
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 6,223 6,237 4,536 872 228 298 381 253 1,210 1,715 383
Over 3 years 6,440 7,351 5,702 603 68 56 56 64 1,441 1,157 318
Mean duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 23.2 23.0 26.9 56.6 50.6 36.7
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 24.2 24.5 29.3 52.3 53.0 41.5
Persons n/a 56.0 51.0 26.0 22.0 23.5 23.5 27.7 55.2 51.4 38.2
Median duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 15.6 15.0 19.8 22.0 22.3 19.3
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 15.9 16.0 22.3 21.0 23.4 22.3
Persons n/a 26.0 25.0 14.0 14.0 15.7 15.3 20.6 22.0 22.6 20.0
Paid under income test
Males
Nil 43,595 44,167 41,294 23,684 24,086 23,953 26,813 16,285 6,503 6,947 7,595
Up to the free area 7,628 6,877 7,217 3,700 4,067 3,884 1,324 4,324 3,508 1,776 202
Over free area 5,693 6,099 3,372 3,090 2,725 2,585 2,180 1,642 624 2,443 2
Females
Nil 18,541 19,053 17,516 10,736 11,744 12,558 14,269 8,506 2,832 2,947 3,229
Up to the free area 2,432 2,440 2,689 1,692 1,747 1,919 670 2,591 1,772 792 152
Over free area 1,128 1,215 560 739 857 949 794 1,170 394 1,380 1
Persons
Nil 62,136 63,220 58,810 34,420 35,830 36,511 41,082 24,791 9,335 9,894 10,824
Up to the free area 10,060 9,317 9,905 5,392 5,814 5,803 1,994 6,915 5,280 2,568 354
Over free area 6,821 7,314 3,932 3,829 3,582 3,534 2,974 2,812 1,018 3,823 3
Supplementary payments15
Mother’s/guardian’s allowance 1,375 876 824 489 End of series            
Remote area allowance 892   936 711              
Young homeless allowance 57 55 36 30              
No. of beneficiaries with children 14,776 13,973 12,150 6,901              
No. of children 32,267 30,719 26,361 14,411              

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2.5 Payments to partners and carers

2.5.1 Characteristics of Wife Pensioners whose partner receives Age Pension, 1989 to 199916

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From 1 July 1995, there were no new grants of Wife Pension.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational. Also, from April 1993, the Pensioner Health Benefit Card (later the Pensioner Concession Card)  was issued automatically to all pensioners.
Females 22,609 23,766 26,537 30,902 33,520 36,539 39,611 41,125 36,577 36,233 32,196
By age groups
Under 20           24 19 2    
20-29           103 107 79 62 49 34
Under 30 122 135 139 133 128 127 126 81 62 49 34
30-39 431 440 550 623 674 754 799 661 575 489 422
40-49 1,893 1,975 2,197 2,646 3,010 3,244 3,523 3,294 2,918 2,686 2,439
50-59 17,542 18,155 19,823 22,954 25,852 28,503 30,698 28,911 25,764 22,585 19,969
60-64 1,636 1,824 2,268 2,573 2,515 2,483 2,865 6,555 6,334 9,540 8,424
65 and over 985 1,237 1,560 1,973 1,341 1,428 1,600 1,623 924 884 908
Rates paid
Standard rate (single) 130 147 181 192 208 218 234 297 250 135 1
Married rate (couple) 22,479 23,619 26,356 30,710 33,312 36,321 39,377 40,828 36,327 36,098 32,195
Maximum rate 16,072 15,838 16,555 18,426 20,896 22,138 23,542 25,408 24,469 24,967 22,745
Reduced rate 6,537 7,928 9,982 12,476 12,624 14,401 16,069 15,717 12,108 11,266 9,451
Paid under income test
Single
Nil 38 n/a 34 35 43 38 46 64 61 24  
Up to the free area 68 n/a 105 110 110 116 121 150 141 94  
Up to the free area plus child disregard 14 n/a 22 23 23 7 8 8 10 2 1
Over free area plus child disregard 10 n/a 19 20 27 49 50 70 37 12  
Couple
Nil 3,336 3,231 3,255 3,371 3,710 3,841 4,274 4,786 2,506 3,148 3,050
Up to the free area 12,708 12,909 13,509 16,218 17,602 18,800 19,814 20,887 21,697 21,587 19,606
Up to the free area plus child disregard 3,346 4,340 5,323 6,062 6,337 1,225 1,209 1,362 1,187 1,063 914
Over free area plus child disregard 2,776 3,010 3,900 4,181 4,295 10,734 11,632 12,003 9,409 8,643 7,036
Single
Up to non-homeowner threshold   n/a 1 3 5 8 9 2 1 3  
Over non-homeowner threshold   n/a n/a 1       3      
Couple
Up to non-homeowner threshold 72 53 73 172 975 1,056 1,422 1,048 1,025 1,155 1,133
Over non-homeowner threshold 241 223 297 706 393 665 1,026 742 503 502 456
Home ownership
Homeowners 18,866 19,710 22,007 25,714 27,916 30,202 32,648 33,114 29,320 28,935 25,365
Non-homeowners 3,743 4,056 4,530 5,188 5,604 6,337 6,963 8,011 7,257 7,298 6,831
Supplement payments17
Number with PHB Car 18,967 19,599 21,925 24,453              
Additional allowances:
Receiving additional pension for children 2,401 1,611 1,664 1,881 End of series            
Receiving remote  area  allowance 393 387 400 414              
Country of birth (selected countries)
Australia 10,900 10,881 12,198 14,790 17,326 19,327 20,117 20,518 17,925 17,689 15,555
UK/Ireland/Eire 1,848 1,831 2,111 2,391 2,650 2,863 4,265 3,178 2,936 2,906 2,503
Italy 2,612 3,218 3,950 4,854 3,863 3,932 3,289 4,429 4,027 4,002 4,224
Poland 664 692 700 697 682 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Greece 1,064 1,285 1,409 1,521 1,698 1,940 2,182 2,415 2,127 2,143 2,139
Yugoslavia 615 654 684 641 664 683 729 823 740 770 745
Philippines 366 599 761 893 1,038 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 4,539 4,606 4,724 5,115 5,599 7,794 9,029 9,762 8,822 8,723 7,030

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2.5.2 Characteristics of Wife Pensioners whose partner receives Disability Support Pension, 1989 to 199918

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From 1 July  1995, there  were  no new  grants  of Wife Pension.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were  integrated into Family  Payment or (where there  were  no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date,  entitlements to supplements are notional rather  than operational. Also, from April 1993, the Pensioner Health  Benefit  Card (later  the Pensioner Concession Card)  was  issued automatically to all pensioners.
Females 89,890 91,068 94,006 101,731 108,327 116,036 121,839 107,803 91,307 79,892 68,532
By age groups
Under 20 225 196 216 188 146 221 185 27 5    
20-29 2,797 2,758 2,870 3,483 3,617 3,708 3,909 2,717 1,844 1,244 822
30-39 10,742 10,843 11,173 12,608 13,436 14,376 15,381 12,413 10,102 8,105 6,500
40-49 24,310 24,595 25,818 28,199 30,052 32,022 33,664 29,633 25,136 21,225 18,266
50-59 49,642 50,461 51,714 55,288 59,116 63,840 66,518 58,202 50,596 43,824 38,262
60-64 1,555 1,609 1,666 1,565 1,585 1,510 1,827 4,519 3,489 5,361 4,545
65 and over 619 606 549 400 375 359 355 292 135 133 128
Rates paid
Single 404 431 419 445 498 471 474 382 347 150 8
Couple 89,486 90,637 93,587 101,286 107,829 115,565 121,365 107,421 90,960 79,742 68,515
Maximum  rate 72,857 72,521 73,179 79,153 86,841 91,196 94,340 82,962 72,324 62,126 53,557
Reduced rate 17,033 18,547 20,827 22,578 21,486 24,840 27,499 24,841 18,983 17,766 14,966
Paid under income test
Single
Nil 112 n/a 135 138 157 147 164 141 121 27 2
Up to the free area 192 n/a 172 182 224 205 201 147 178 95 1
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 38 n/a 36 43 44 10 12 10 9 3  
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 60 n/a 69 73 64 102 87 79 37 24 5
Couple
Nil 32,644 32,424 33,699 36,337 38,262 39,560 41,426 34,346 15,631 17,232 15,177
Up to the free area 39,980 40,323 40,062 44,804 50,675 53,726 55,127 49,177 55,607 43,840 37,683
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 7,897 9,506 10,088 10,343 9,658 2,125 2,063 2,079 1,913 1,764 1,531
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 8,339 8,289 9,219 8,740 8,089 18,615 20,805 20,508 16,889 15,174 12,566
Paid under assets test
Single
Up to non-homeowner threshold 2 n/a 4 4 9 7 10 5 3 1  
Over non-homeowner threshold n/a n/a 3 5              
Couple                      
Up to non-homeowner threshold 176 151 142 283 928 1122 1,357 927 692 1,199 1,095
Over non-homeowner threshold 450 375 377 779 217 417 587 384 227 533 463
Home ownership
Homeowners 66,592 66,411 67,829 72,651 76,566 81,018 83,671 74,836 62,789 54,820 46,421
Non-homeowners 23,298 24,657 26,177 29,080 31,761 35,018 38,168 32,967 28,518 25,072 21,902
Supplementary Payments19
Number with PHB Card 78,319 79,416 83,364 90,678              
Receiving additional pension for children 28,530 23,640 24,417 27,327 End of series            
Receiving remote  area  allowance 869 899 1,036 1,046              
Country of birth (selected countries)
Australia 49,656 50,075 53,512 61,144 67,308 73,264 74,244 64,660 54,977 47,958 41,218
UK/Ireland/Eire 7,471 7,457 7,717 7,560 7,720 8,093 8,961 7,716 6,355 5,446 4,511
Italy 7,121 6,915 6,676 6,689 6,543 6,534 6,940 5,788 4,680 3,952 3,436
Poland 562 533 518 488 500 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Greece 6,385 6,647 6,349 6,118 6,002 6,072 6,471 5,863 4,964 4,430 4,351
Yugoslavia 4,301 4,680 4,717 4,633 4,580 4,616 4,603 4,084 3,420 3,002 2,742
Philippines 714 1,005 1,118 1,287 1,403 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 13,680 13,756 13,399 13,812 14,271 17,457 20,620 19,692 16,911 15,104 12,265

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2.5.3 Characteristics of recipients of Carer Payment, 1989 to 199920

 

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. The data in this table include carers of Age and Disability Support Pensioners and carers of Rehabilitation and Sheltered Employment Allowees.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational. Also, from April 1993, the Pensioner Health Benefit Card (later the Pensioner Concession Card) was issued automatically to all pensioners.
Males 5,172 5,491 6,148 7,490 8,733 10,034 11,137 12,740 13,999 15,215 16,899
Females 2,840 3,307 4,010 5,140 6,312 7,665 8,961 12,297 15,559 18,764 23,171
Persons 8,012 8,798 10,158 12,630 15,045 17,699 20,098 25,037 29,558 33,979 40,070
By age groups
Males
Under 20 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 82 95 80 89 115 162
20-29 n/a n/a n/a n/a 418 416 461 519 644 657 805
Under 30 179 188 251 387 418 498 556 599 733 772 967
30-39 471 506 623 847 1,039 1,271 1,419 1,696 1,915 2,152 2,394
40-49 1,012 1,081 1,259 1,584 1,898 2,237 2,593 3,052 3,364 3,771 4,138
50-59 1,808 1,865 2,017 2,440 2,884 3,418 3,891 4,539 5,054 5,406 5,958
60-64 1,599 1,731 1,855 2,066 2,309 2,425 2,469 2,580 2,704 2,850 3,147
65 and over 103 120 143 166 185 185 209 274 229 264 295
Females
Under 20 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 178 176 138 184 215 247
20-29 n/a n/a n/a n/a 600 503 541 745 907 1,101 1,383
Under 30 288 328 387 502 600 681 717 883 1091 1316 1630
30-39 402 476 588 752 813 959 1,115 1,611 1,927 2,256 3,065
40-49 1,150 1,316 1,595 2,071 2,547 2,988 3,345 4,315 5,167 6,012 7,143
50-59 974 1,149 1,379 1,755 2,269 2,933 3,582 5,047 6,750 8,041 9,721
60-64 19 30 51 47 60 68 132 327 457 918 1,305
65 and over 7 8 10 13 23 36 70 114 167 221 307
Persons
Under 20 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 260 271 218 273 330 409
20-29 n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,018 919 1,002 1,264 1,551 1,758 2,188
Under 30 467 516 638 889 1018 1179 1273 1482 1824 2088 2597
30-39 873 982 1,211 1,599 1,852 2,230 2,534 3,307 3,842 4,408 5,459
40-49 2,162 2,397 2,854 3,655 4,445 5,225 5,938 7,367 8,531 9,783 11,281
50-59 2,782 3,014 3,396 4,195 5,153 6,351 7,473 9,586 11,804 13,447 15,679
60-64 1,618 1,761 1,906 2,113 2,369 2,493 2,601 2,907 3,161 3,768 4,452
65 and over 110 128 153 179 208 221 279 388 396 485 602
Rates paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 882 1,066 1,362 1,829 2,199 2,710 3,081 3,850 4,506 5,207 7,578
Females 2,557 2,962 3,580 4,239 4,611 5,246 5,807 6,761 7,897 9,134 13,931
Persons 3,439 4,028 4,942 6,068 6,810 7,956 8,888 10,611 12,403 14,341 21,509
Married rate (couple)
Males 4,290 4,425 4,786 5,661 6,534 7,324 8,056 8,890 9,493 10,008 9,321
Females 283 345 430 901 1,701 2,419 3,154 5,536 7,662 9,630 9,240
Persons 4,573 4,770 5,216 6,562 8,235 9,743 11,210 14,426 17,155 19,638 18,561
Maximum rate
Males 4,473 4,648 5,169 6,334 7,629 8,660 9,597 10,854 12,086 12,743 14,007
Females 2,034 2,308 2,831 3,620 4,651 5,585 6,499 8,889 11,349 13,448 16,439
Persons 6,507 6,956 8,000 9,954 12,280 14,245 16,096 19,743 23,435 26,191 30,446
Reduced rate
Males 699 843 979 1,156 1,104 1,374 1,540 1,886 1,913 2,472 2,892
Females 806 999 1,179 1,520 1,661 2,080 2,462 3,408 4,210 5,316 6,732
Persons 1,505 1,842 2,158 2,676 2,765 3,454 4,002 5,294 6,123 7,788 9,624
Paid under income test
Single
Males
Nil 352   500    662     912    1,121 1,415      1,666   n/a     n/a       2,061 1,683
Up to the free area 400    400   474   644  831    989    1,058      n/a    n/a       2,522 1,798
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard     53 77  105 149      129 43    48 n/a n/a 94   72
Over free area  plus  child  disregard     55      84 113 114     99     227 268   n/a n/a 442   382
Females
Nil 745 1,008 1,301 1,630 1,977 2,358 2,701 n/a n/a 2,835 2,846
Up to the free area 1,029 1,052 1,205 1,522 1,824 2,102 2,325 n/a n/a 4,966 4,211
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 123 198 256 299 268 95 95 n/a n/a 191 201
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 109 688 798 750 508 650 609 n/a n/a 1,042 1,149
Persons
Nil 1,097 1,508 1,963 2,542 3,098 3,773 4,367 n/a n/a 4,896 4,529
Up to the free area 1,429 1,452 1,679 2,166 2,655 3,091 3,383 n/a n/a 7,488 6,009
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 176 275 361 448 397 138 143 n/a n/a 285 273
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 164 772 911 864 607 877 877 n/a n/a 1,484 1,531
Couple  (each) Males
Nil 1,593  1,615 1,784 2,164 2,509 2,799 3,181 n/a n/a   2,520 2,328
Up to the free area   2,123 2,128 2,188 2,624 3,206 3,530 3,731 n/a n/a   5,605 5,201
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 325 399   463   463 456    90 120 n/a n/a 162   163
Over free area  plus  child  disregard   240 246   313   320 263  793 863 n/a n/a 1,348 1,192
Females
Nil 161 155 195 312 472 605 793 n/a n/a 1,583 1,635
Up to the free area 130 140 169 244 393 541 694 n/a n/a 4,131 4,213
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 50 20 28 60 149 24 25 n/a n/a 191 178
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 472 24 37 277 663 1,206 1,570 n/a n/a 3,313 2,739
Persons
Nil 1,754 1,770 1,979 2,476 2,981 3,404 3,974 n/a n/a 4,103 3,963
Up to the free area 2,253 2,268 2,357 2,868 3,599 4,071 4,425 n/a n/a 9,736 9,414
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 375 419 491 523 605 114 145 n/a n/a 353 341
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 712 270 350 597 926 1,999 2,433 n/a n/a 4,661 3,931
Paid under assets  test
Single
Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold   1 2 17   29 33 n/a  n/a  60 53
Over non-homeowner threshold 4 6    7 8 n/a n/a  28 31
Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold   8 9    2 30 31 52 n/a n/a  72 60
Over non-homeowner threshold   8 13  4 10 25 n/a n/a  28 33
Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 3 9 11 2 47 60 85 n/a n/a 132 113
Over non-homeowner threshold 8 12 14 20 6 17 33 n/a n/a 56 64
Couple  (each)
Males
Up to non-homeowner threshold   9 18 81 75 101 n/a n/a  231   227
Over non-homeowner threshold 18 28   32  75 19 37 60 n/a n/a 142   160
Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold 1 1   3 17 21 40 n/a n/a 233 249
Over non-homeowner threshold 13 5 4 29 7 22 32 n/a n/a 179 185
Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 10 10 6 21 98 96 141 n/a n/a 464 476
Over non-homeowner threshold 31 33 36 104 26 59 92 n/a n/a 321 345
Home ownership
Males 3,102 3,214 3,485 4,142 4,656 5,166 5,603 6,326 6,666 7,044 7,611
Females 1,146 1,375 1,689 2,160 2,618 3,127 3,719 5,773 7,645 9,400 11,742
Person 4,248 4,589 5,174 6,302 7,274 8,293 9,322 12,099 14,311 16,444 19,353
Non-owners
Males 2,070 2,277 2,663 3,348 4,077 4,868 5,534 6,414 7,333 8,171 9,288
Females 1,694 1,932 2,321 2,980 3,694 4,538 5,242 6,525 7,914 9,364 11,429
Person 3,764 4,209 4,984 6,328 7,771 9,406 10,776 12,938 15,247 17,535 20,717
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 3,133 3,435 3,938 4,886 5,793 6,678 7,365 8,364 9,327 10,337 11,558
UK/Ireland 539 585 673 782 864 1,024 1,088 1,209 1,253 1,284 1,386
Italy 225 219 226 275 307 336 360 367 385 374 382
Greece 229 195 211 233 245 277 337 361 369 392 392
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 180 192 214 251 277 312 328 351 333 n/a n/a
Lebanon 52 61 79 118 147 162 198 n/a n/a 253 283
Other 814 804 807 945 1,100 1,245 1,461 2,088 2,332 2,575 2,898
Females
Australia 2,221 2,609 3,168 4,101 5,010 5,966 6,729 8,859 11,016 13,266 16,400
UK/Ireland 149 179 231 253 309 407 508 773 992 1,144 1,380
Italy 103 119 143 161 190 225 285 375 423 498 570
Greece 45 49 69 86 114 128 162 225 319 343 405
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 30 32 35 44 46 55 77 117 172 n/a n/a
Lebanon 22 33 39 47 63 101 122 n/a n/a 293 388
Other 270 285 325 448 580 783 1,078 1,948 2,637 3,220 4,028
Persons
Australia 5,354 6,044 7,106 8,987 10,803 12,644 14,094 17,223 20,343 23,603 27,958
UK/Ireland 689 764 904 1,035 1,173 1,431 1,596 1,982 2,245 2,428 2,766
Italy 328 338 369 436 497 561 645 742 808 872 952
Greece 274 244 280 319 359 405 499 586 688 735 797
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 209 224 249 295 323 367 405 468 505 n/a n/a
Lebanon 74 94 118 165 210 263 320 n/a n/a 546 671
Other 1,083 1,089 1,132 1,393 1,680 2,028 2,539 4,036 4,969 5,795 6,926
Supplementary payments21
Number with PHB Card
Males 4,868 5,128 5,854 7,053 8,696            
Females 2,242 2,568 3,217 4,082 6,292 End of series          
Persons 7,110 7,696 9,071 11,135 14,988            
Males 729   643 515              
Females 487   516 732 End of series            
Persons 1,216 1,087 1,159 1,247              
Receiving remote  area  allowance            
Males 43 50 66 64              
Females 24 38 55 77 End of series            
Persons 67 88 121 141              

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2.5.4 Characteristics of Partner Allowees, 1989 to 199922

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Partner Allowance was introduced in September 1994 and paid to the partners of Special Beneficiaries and the partners of Newstart, Job Search and Sickness Allowees. Before this date, dependent partners of allowees did not have an entitlement in their own right and the numbers cited for 1989 through 1994 are estimates only. From 1 July 1995, those with dependent children transferred to Parenting Allowance (later Parenting Payment Partnered), those born on or before 1 July 1955 who were without dependent children remained on Partner Allowance and the remainder were required to test their eligibility for other payments (usually Job Search Allowance).
Males 9800 10700 19500 18700 22500 24400 23,485 5,989 5,837 7,763 8,319
Females 146700 150500 213900 223600 232300 213100 193,254 63,902 64,333 69,983 72,178
Persons 156500 161200 233400 242300 254800 237500 216,739 69,891 70,170 77,746 80,497
By age groups
Males
Under 40             11,733   1  
40-44             2,724 347 210 169 89
45-49             2,252 869 589 624 642
50-54             1,690 1,121 965 1,093 1,142
55-59             1,326 1,371 1,290 1,530 1,707
60-64             127 1,448 1,714 2,031 2,440
65 and over             3,633 833 1,068 2,318 2,300
Females
Under 40             94,479 2 10 8 1
40-44             25,112 4,809 3,553 2,597 1,334
45-49             21,729 12,128 11,348 11,522 10,949
50-54             19,753 18,252 19,526 20,719 21,029
55-59             23,701 22,025 26,732 27,636 29,590
60-64             8,086 3,748 2,920 6,774 8,028
65 and over             393 2,938 243 727 1,248
Persons
Under 40             106,212 2 11 8 1
40-44             27,836 5,156 3,764 2,766 1,422
45-49             23,981 12,997 11,938 12,146 11,591
50-54             21,443 19,373 20,491 21,812 22,171
55-59             25,027 23,396 28,022 29,166 31,296
60-64             8,213 5,196 4,635 8,805 10,468
65 and over             4,026 3,771 1,311 3,045 3,548
Duration of allowance
Males
Up to 7 weeks               304 1,126 391 254
Over 7 weeks to 3 months               233 342 452 286
Over 3 months  to 6 months               528 453 1,072 513
Over 6 months  to 1 year               1,295 822 2,289 1,039
Over 1 year  to 2 years               3,628 1,193 1,406 1,296
Over 2 years               1 1,901 2,153 4,931
Females
Up to 7 weeks               4,024 4,216 2,912 2,278
Over 7 weeks to 3 months               3,451 3,063 3,053 2,472
Over 3 months  to 6 months               7,195 5,765 6,300 4,886
Over 6 months  to 1 year               14,178 11,639 12,208 8,817
Over 1 year  to 2 years               35,040 17,811 15,916 13,751
Over 2 years               14 21,839 29,594 39,974
Person
Up to 7 weeks               4,328 5,342 3,303 2,532
Over 7 weeks to 3 months               3,684 3,405 3,505 2,758
Over 3 months  to 6 months               7,723 6,218 7,372 5,399
Over 6 months  to 1 year               15,473 12,461 14,497 9,856
Over 1 year  to 2 years               38,668 19,004 17,322 15,047
Over 2 years               15 23,740 31,747 44,905
Mean duration (weeks)
Males               57.5 66.6 73.6 167.0
Females               54.5 75.1 93.1 130.0
Persons               54.7 74.4 91.9 134.0
Median duration (weeks)
Males               61.1 59.0 49.3 143.0
Females               56.8 74.0 85.6 121.0
Persons               57.2 72.5 82.3 123.0
Paid under income test
Males
Nil               2,806 1,905 7,301 8,047
Up to the free area               1,334 2,378 96 35
Over free area               1,849 1,554 366 237
Females
Nil               26,679 17,145 65,424 68,746
Up to the free area               20,276 35,007 761 475
Over free area               16,947 12,181 3,798 2,957
Persons
Nil               29,485 19,050 72,725 76,793
Up to the free area               21,610 37,385 857 510
Over free area               18,796 13,735 4,164 3,194
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia               3,424 3,062 3,199 3,461
UK/Ireland               560 553 667 746
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos               287 n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam               n/a 371 910 920
Italy               109 115 120 145
China               n/a n/a n/a 654
Greece               126 144 181 n/a
Other               1,483 1,592 2,686 2,393
Females
Australia               41,498 42,942 45,150 45,362
UK/Ireland               5,759 6,018 6,447 6,460
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos               2,562 n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam               n/a 1,353 1,506 1,501
Italy               1,457 1,809 2,078 2,190
China               n/a n/a n/a 1,605
Greece               1,298 1,505 1,739 n/a
Other               11,328 10,706 13,063 15,060
Persons
Australia               44,922 46,004 48,349 48,823
UK/Ireland               6,319 6,571 7,114 7,206
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos               2,849 n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam               n/a 1,724 2,416 2,421
Italy               1,566 1,924 2,198 2,335
China               n/a n/a n/a 2,259
Greece               1,424 1,649 1,920 n/a
Other               12,811 12,298 15,749 17,453

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2.6 Payments to parents

2.6.1 Characteristics of recipients of Parenting Payment (Single), 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational.
Males 10,180 11,305 13,616 16,444 17,529 18,897 19,913 21,964 23,920 25,546 27,118
Females 229,289 237,581 252,104 270,784 280,915 294,540 305,028 320,326 334,973 346,740 357,703
Persons 239,469 248,886 265,720 287,228 298,444 313,437 324,941 342,290 358,893 372,286 384,821
Female recipients as % of women aged 16-59 4.5 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2
Recipients as % of total population 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9
By age groups
Males
Under 20 years 36 26 29 38 39 38 32 28 34 53 74
20-29 years 1,574 1,818 2,072 2,463 2,520 2,703 2,831 3,125 3,468 3,709 4,001
30-39 years 4,669 5,193 6,268 7,541 8,000 8,427 8,850 9,611 10,418 10,988 11,529
40-49 years 2,951 3,272 4,131 5,104 5,568 6,162 6,512 7,299 7,925 8,570 9,120
50-59 years 817 843 977 1,149 1,253 1,396 1,517 1,701 1,859 2,009 2,156
60+ years 133 153 139 149 149 171 171 200 216 217 238
Females
Under 20 years 9,528 10,219 9,997 9,937 9,864 9,919 10,173 10,237 10,443 10,425 10,602
20-29 years 84,773 87,835 90,917 95,745 97,942 100,950 102,845 106,209 109,329 110,861 112,745
30-39 years 91,565 95,200 103,581 113,041 117,881 124,090 128,291 134,594 140,234 144,752 147,914
40-49 years 37,701 38,880 42,242 46,526 49,573 53,540 57,318 62,270 67,189 72,056 77,135
50-59 years 5,610 5,354 5,294 5,468 5,596 5,990 6,347 6,905 7,672 8,426 9,092
60+ years 112 93 73 67 59 51 54 111 106 220 215
Persons
Under 20 years 9,564 10,245 10,026 9,975 9,903 9,957 10,205 10,265 10,477 10,478 10,676
20-29 years 86,347 89,653 92,989 98,208 100,462 103,653 105,676 109,334 112,797 114,570 116,746
30-39 years 96,234 100,393 109,849 120,582 125,881 132,517 137,141 144,205 150,652 155,740 159,443
40-49 years 40,652 42,152 46,373 51,630 55,141 59,702 63,830 69,569 75,114 80,626 86,255
50-59 years 6,427 6,197 6,271 6,617 6,849 7,386 7,864 8,606 9,531 10,435 11,248
60+ years 245 246 212 216 208 222 225 311 322 437 453
Estimated  average age (years)
Females 32.6 32.5 32.6 32.8 32.7 32.8 33.0 33.1 33.3 33.5 34.0
Males 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 37.9 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.3 38.4 39.0
Grants of Pension
New grants 103,779 108,970 118,086 123,557              
Transfers 2,758 1,190 1,777 832 End of series            
Total grants 106,537 110,160 119,863 124,389              
Category of sole partners
Males
Widower 793 805 864 976 953 981 971        
Divorcee 1,020 953 1,102 1,232 1,127 1,007 887        
Separated husband 7,959 9,060 10,086 12,379 6,979 7,685 8,205 End of series      
Other 408 487 1,564 1,857 8,470 9,224 9,850        
Females      
Unmarried 46,590 47,845 49,623 52,625 53,709 54,311 54,703        
Widow 10,978 9,940 9,412 9,052 8,269 7,745 7,245        
Divorcee 26,842 22,817 20,208 18,025 15,236 12,847 10,505   End of series      
Separated wife 125,418 139,549 156,925 176,429 40,733 39,095 37,352        
Other 19,461 17,430 15,936 14,653 162,968 180,542 195,223        
Rates Paid
Maximum rate
Males 8,271 9,120 10,877 12,962 15,664 16,721 17,406 18,467 20,195 21,614 22,918
Females 142,138 141,934 144,858 152,477 239,688 246,880 249,027 248,428 261,697 270,245 278,121
Persons 150,409 151,054 155,735 165,439 255,352 263,601 266,433 266,895 281,892 291,859 301,039
Reduced rate
Males 1,909 2,185 2,739 3,482 1,861 2,176 2,507 3,497 3,725 3,932 4,200
Females 87,151 95,647 107,246 118,307 41,209 47,660 56,001 71,898 73,276 76,495 78,582
Persons 89,060 97,832 109,985 121,789 43,070 49,836 58,508 75,395 77,001 80,427 82,782
Paid under income test ($pw)
Males
Nil 7,885 8,852 10,716 13,028 14,548 15,356 15,967 16,004 9,553 11,714 5,115
Up to the free area 715 740 905 1,094 1,133 1,377 1,455 2,050 10,038 9,405 14,644
Up to the free area plus child disregard 418 520 591 594 568 141 180 319 413 461 142
Over free area plus child disregard 1,135 1,172 1,371 1,670 1,226 1,943 2,215 2,501 3,828 3,966 7,217
Females
Nil 176,605 182,264 192,430 207,586 220,171 225,747 227,543 211,936 117,175 145,411 49,715
Up to the free area 15,196 16,189 16,948 18,638 19,574 21,208 21,589 28,434 133,400 114,325 186,757
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 11,196 13,222 13,695 11,697 10,985 2,666 3,012 5,476 7,001 7,396 1,376
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 26,053 25,709 28,799 32,423 29,721 44,372 52,260 73,988 76,760 79,608 119,855
Persons
Nil 184,490 191,116 203,146 220,614 234,719 241,103 243,510 227,940 126,728 157,125 54,830
Up to the free area 15,911 16,929 17,853 19,732 20,707 22,585 23,044 30,484 143,438 123,730 201,401
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 11,617 13,742 14,286 12,291 11,553 2,807 3,192 5,795 7,414 7,857 1,518
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 27,188 26,881 30,170 34,093 30,947 46,315 54,475 76,489 80,588 83,574 127,072
Paid under assets  test

 

Males                      
Up to non-homeowner threshold 2 5 5 10 58 61 82 75 73    
Over non-homeowner threshold 25 16 28 48 6 19 14 15 15  End of series    
Females
Up to non-homeowner threshold 48 39 27 82 404 442 484 160 505    
Over non-homeowner threshold 188 158 205 358 45 105 140 122 132  End of series    
Persons
Up to non-homeowner threshold 50 44 32 92 462 503 566 235 578    
Over non-homeowner threshold 213 174 233 406 51 124 154 137 147  End of series    
Males
Homeowners 2,925 3,121 3,705 4,326 4,104 4,168 4,113 5,005 5,273 5,547 5,671
Non-homeowners 7,255 8,184 9,911 12,118 13,425 14,729 15,800 16,959 18,647 19,999 21,447
Females
Homeowners 53,513 52,852 55,121 56,861 54,759 53,478 52,504 62,638 64,640 66,613 68,779
Non-homeowners 175,776 184,729 196,983 213,923 226,155 241,053 252,515 257,688 270,333 280,127 288,924
Not coded             9 9      
Persons
Homeowners 56,438 55,973 58,826 61,187 58,863 57,646 56,617 67,643 69,913 72,160 74,450
Non-homeowners 183,031 192,913 206,894 226,041 239,580 255,782 268,315 274,647 288,980 300,126 310,371
Not coded           9 9        
Supplementary payments23
Number with PHB Card
Males 9,079 10,116 12,307 14,882 17,418 18,781          
Females 98,051 212,217 225,961 242,127 278,813 292,300 End of series        
Persons 214,322 222,333 238,268 257,009 296,231 311,081          
Receiving additional pension for children
Males
for 1 child 5,422 6,517 8,040 9,977 10,040            
2 children 3,145 3,260 3,873 4,535 5,207            
3 or more children 1,608 1,517 1,681 1,874 2,239            
Females End of series          
for 1 child 109,206 121,024 129,002 139,421 134,198            
2 children 77,632 77,050 81,244 86,838 92,002            
3 or more children 42,416 39,345 41,736 44,425 54,414            
Persons
For 1 child 9,738 127,541 137,042 149,398 144,238            
2 children 101,196 80,310 85,117 91,373 97,209            
3 or more children 103,975 40,862 43,417 46,299 56,653            
Average number of children per family Males 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.6 End of series          
Females 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.8            
Persons 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.7            
Number of dependent children 424,933 425,731 453,282 487,552 n/a            
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia n/a 8,624 10,518 12,934 13,903 14,907 15,534 17,009 18,658 21,512 21,482
UK/Ireland n/a 895 1,088 1,189 1,232 1,311 1,450 1,586 1,652 n/a 1,661
New Zealand n/a 306 389 449 449 505 586 638 696 832 854
Vietnam n/a 114 122 147 165 185 227 282 332 389 378
Lebanon n/a 87 89 99 111 140 137 157 177 204 193
Other n/a 1,279 1,410 1,626 1,669 1,849 1,979 2,292 2,405 2,609 2,550
Females
Australia n/a 190,570 205,319 222,749 232,439 242,284 246,414 256,609 267,672 290,745 285,671
UK/Ireland n/a 16,081 15,885 15,479 14,777 15,330 16,795 17,243 17,419 n/a 17,223
New Zealand n/a 5,607 5,879 6,377 6,649 7,324 8,174 8,940 9,657 11,026 11,055
Vietnam n/a 2,292 2,666 3,004 3,396 4,098 5,008 5,964 6,711 7,773 7,834
Lebanon n/a 1,306 1,360 1,514 1,666 2,111 2,292 2,557 2,671 2,868 2,751
Other n/a 21,725 20,995 21,661 21,988 23,393 26,345 29,013 30,843 34,328 33,169
Persons
Australia 191,298 199,194 215,837 235,683 246,342 257,191 261,948 273,618 286,330 312,256 307,153
UK/Ireland 17,387 16,976 16,973 16,668 16,009 16,641 18,245 18,829 19,071 n/a 18,884
New Zealand n/a 5,913 6,268 6,826 7,098 7,829 8,760 9,578 10,353 11,858 11,909
Vietnam n/a 2,406 2,788 3,151 3,561 4,283 5,235 6,246 7,043 8,162 8,212
Lebanon n/a 1,393 1,449 1,613 1,777 2,251 2,429 2,714 2,848 3,073 2,944
Other 30,784 23,004 22,405 23,287 23,657 25,242 28,324 31,305 33,248 36,937 35,719

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2.6.2 Characteristics of recipients of Parenting Payment (Partnered), 1996 to 199924

 
                1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Parenting Payment (Partnered) was introduced on 1 July 1995 (as Parenting Allowance). At that date, recipients of Partner Allowance with dependent children were transferred to Parenting Payment (Partnered) along with new recipients. See Partner Allowance (Table 2.5.4) for other details.
Males               18,190 20,055 19,843 20,282
Females               219,131 219,262 216,707 207,395
Persons               237,321 239,317 236,550 227,677
By age groups
Males
Under 20 years               34 35 31 35
20-29 years               2,268 2,375 2,260 2,328
30-39 years               8,075 8,502 8,465 8,429
40-49 years               6,362 7,323 7,214 7,521
50-59 years               1,293 1,614 1,698 1,814
60 and over               157 206 175 155
Females
Under 20 years               4,316 4,249 3,964 3,650
20-29 years               68,468 66,571 63,640 57,625
30-39 years               103,364 101,873 100,379 96,109
40-49 years               38,685 41,492 43,299 44,272
50-59 years               4,158 4,901 5,265 5,585
60 and over               140 177 160 154
Persons
Under 20 years               4,350 4,283 3,995 3,685
20-29 years               70,736 68,946 65,900 59,953
30-39 years               111,439 110,375 108,844 104,538
40-49 years               45,047 48,815 50,513 51,793
50-59 years               5,451 6,515 6,963 7,399
60 and over               297 383 335 309
Rates paid
Males
Maximum               n/a n/a 10,869 11,380
Reduced               n/a n/a 8,974 8,902
Females
Maximum               n/a n/a 138,648 137,294
Reduced               n/a n/a 78,059 70,101
Persons
Maximum               n/a n/a 149,517 148,674
Reduced               n/a n/a 87,033 79,003
Duration of Allowance
Males
Up to 6 months               n/a n/a 5,911 6,489
Over 6 months to 1 year               n/a n/a 3,860 3,751
Over 1 year to 2 years               n/a n/a 4,446 3,995
Over 2 years to 3 years               n/a n/a 5,626 2,399
Over 3 years                     3,648
Females
Up to 6 months               n/a n/a 38,853 38,607
Over 6 months to 1 year               n/a n/a 29,538 26,922
Over 1 year to 2 years               n/a n/a 43,646 34,631
Over 2 years to 3 years               n/a n/a 104,670 27,851
Over 3 years                     79,384
Persons
Up to 6 months               n/a n/a 44,764 45,096
Over 6 months to 1 year               n/a n/a 33,398 30,673
Over 1 year to 2 years               n/a n/a 48,092 38,626
Over 2 years to 3 years               n/a n/a 110,296 30,250
Over 3 years                     83,032
Mean duration (weeks)
Males               n/a n/a 67.1 88.1
Females               n/a n/a 91.2 112.0
Persons               n/a n/a 89.2 108.7
Median  duration (weeks)
Males               n/a n/a 54.0 68.1
Females               n/a n/a 101.2 110.6
Persons               n/a n/a 96.4 103.6
Home ownership
Home owners
Males               n/a n/a 9,984 9,757
Females               n/a n/a 90,124 86,783
Persons               n/a n/a 100,108 96,540
Non-home owners
Males               n/a n/a 9,859 10,525
Females               n/a n/a 126,583 120,612
Persons               n/a n/a 136,442 131,137
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia               n/a n/a 14,020 14,391
Vietnam               n/a n/a 397 400
UK/Ireland/Eire               n/a n/a 1,076 1,108
Lebanon               n/a n/a 273 283
China               n/a n/a 524 517
Other               n/a n/a 3,553 3,583
Females
Australia               n/a n/a 149,666 141,466
Vietnam               n/a n/a 9,023 8,795
UK/Ireland/Eire               n/a n/a 7,887 7,356
Lebanon               n/a n/a 6,277 6,259
China               n/a n/a 4,751 4,720
Other               n/a n/a 39,103 38,799
Persons
Australia               n/a n/a 163,686 155,857
Vietnam               n/a n/a 9,420 9,195
UK/Ireland/Eire               n/a n/a 8,963 8,464
Lebanon               n/a n/a 6,550 6,542
China               n/a n/a 5,275 5,237
Other               n/a n/a 42,656 42,382

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2.7 Payments to widows

2.7.1 Characteristics of Bereavement Allowees, 1989 to 199925

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. A number of widows were transferred to Widow B Pension in November 1992.
Males 4 5 12 15 8 8 5 9 5 8 5
Females 112 217 303 327 75 83 39 50 41 43 48
Persons 116 222 315 342 83 91 44 59 46 51 53
By age groups
Males
16–19 n/a               n/a   n/a
20–29 n/a     2         n/a 1 n/a
30–39 n/a   1 1     1 1 n/a   n/a
40–49 n/a 2 1 2 1     2 n/a   n/a
50–59 n/a 3 6 3 2 4 3 2 n/a 2 n/a
60–64 n/a   3 6 4 4 1 4 n/a 3 n/a
65 and over n/a   1 1 1       n/a 1 n/a
Females
16–19 n/a 4 1           n/a   n/a
20–29 n/a 5 13 10   1 2 3 n/a 2 n/a
30–39 n/a 12 15 12 5 3 1 4 n/a 2 n/a
40–49 n/a 110 132 122 29 35 14 19 n/a 16 n/a
50–59 n/a 86 141 181 40 49 25 24 n/a 19 n/a
60–64 n/a   1 1         n/a 3 n/a
65 and over n/a   1 1         n/a 2 n/a
Persons
16–19 1 4 1           n/a   n/a
20–29 7 5 13 12   1 2 3 n/a 3 n/a
30–39 11 12 16 13 5 3 2 5 n/a 2 n/a
40–49 80 112 133 124 30 35 14 21 n/a 16 n/a
50–59 17 89 147 184 42 53 28 26 n/a 21 n/a
60–64     3 7 5 4 1 4 n/a 6 n/a
65 and over     2 2 1       n/a 3 n/a
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia n/a 3 9 12 7 5 4 n/a n/a n/a n/a
UK/Ireland n/a 1 2 1 1     n/a n/a n/a n/a
Greece n/a   1     1 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Italy n/a             n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam n/a 1           n/a n/a n/a n/a
Philippines n/a             n/a n/a n/a n/a
Yugoslavia n/a             n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand n/a             n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other n/a     2   2   n/a n/a n/a n/a
Females
Australia n/a 142 206 231 45 62 26 n/a n/a n/a n/a
UK/Ireland n/a 25 19 21 11 9 5 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Greece n/a 2 15 8 2 4 2 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Italy n/a 10 11 19 1 2 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam n/a 2 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Philippines n/a 9 5 51 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a    
Yugoslavia n/a 3 7 6 1 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand n/a 3 1 2 3 1 2 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other n/a 21 38 11 8 9 6 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Persons
Australia 68 145 215 243 52 67 30 n/a n/a n/a n/a
UK/Ireland 11 26 21 22 12 9 5 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Greece 2 2 16 8 2 5 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Italy 7 10 11 19 1 2 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam 2 3 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Philippines 1 9 5 51 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a    
Yugoslavia 11 3 7 6 1 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 12 21 38 13 8 10 6 n/a n/a n/a n/a

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2.7.2 Characteristics of Widow B Pensioners, 1989 to 199926

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Widow B Pension was effectively closed to new grants from 1 July 1987. A significant number who met qualifications were transferred to Age Pension in March 1997.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational.
Females 83,526 78,725 74,124 69,066 64,633 59,916 54,936 49,875 18,820 13,579 10,519
By age groups
Males
Under 45 n/a n/a n/a 23 52 76 68 n/a n/a n/a n/a
45–49 5,182 3,624 1,883 73 76 82 90 n/a n/a n/a n/a
50–54 19,589 17,204 14,441 11,223 9,228 6,965 4,687 n/a n/a n/a n/a
55–59 37,773 36,606 36,172 36,825 33,793 29,994 25,314 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Under 60 62,544 57,434 52,496 48,144 43,149 37,117 30,159 21,095 12,299 9,315 6,725
60 and over 20,982 21,291 21,628 20,921 21,484 22,799 24,777 28,780 6,521 4,264 3,794
60–64 n/a n/a n/a 7,049 7,385 7,477 8,084 11,763 5,071 3,201 2,773
65 and over n/a n/a n/a 13,872 14,099 15,322 16,693 17,017 1,450 1,063 1,021
Rates paid
Maximum rate 68,090 63,113 58,959 54,926 52,896 48,656 44,382 40,025 15,451 11,318 8,734
Reduced rate 15,436 15,612 15,165 14,140 11,737 11,260 10,554 9,850 3,369 2,261 1,785
Paid under income test
Nil 28,091 25,331 23,457 21,301 19,885 18,008 16,748 15,319 5,043 4,281 3,267
Up to the free area 41,458 39,056 36,184 34,731 33,315 30,973 27,959 24,891 10,393 7,012 5,471
Up to the free area  plus  child  disregard 7,261 7,757 7,299 7,101 5,737 1,614 1,355 1,336 473 320 230
Over free area  plus  child  disregard 6,379 6,280 6,906 5,438 5,180 8,770 8,318 7,960 2,775 1,893 1,496
Up to non-homeowner threshold 91 71 259 113 496 488 476 295 113 63 46
Over non-homeowner threshold 246 230 19 382 20 63 80 74 23 10 9
Home ownership
Homeowners 43,390 40,143 37,724 35,022 32,384 29,146 25,977 23,219 9,558 6,612 5,045
Non-homeowners 40,136 38,582 36,400 34,044 32,249 30,556 28,741 26,656 9,262 6,967 5,474
Not coded           214 218        
Supplementary payments27
Number with PHB Card 77,189 70,468 68,997 63,971              
Receiving additional pension for children Number of children 77,336 77,552 73,143 68,248              
1 child 5,286 923 766 638              
2 children 769 181 150 127 End of series            
3 or more 135 69 65 53              
Average number of children per family 1 1 1 1              
Receiving remote  area  allowance 941 951 934 847              
Country of birth (selected countries)
Australia 52,409 47,988 44,766 41,053 37,785 33,734 29,235 25,031 11,573 8,403 6,440
UK/Ireland/Eire 9,701 9,452 8,778 8,010 7,353 7,151 6,671 6,150 1,971 1,372 1,057
Italy 3,002 2,969 2,873 2,834 2,544 2,304 2,080 1,952 970 782 664
Greece 2,250 2,376 2,167 2,045 1,923 1,785 1,633 1,524 763 619 500
Former Republic of Yugoslavia 1,798 1,855 1,758 1,697 1,620 1,538 1,385 1,268 445 318 254
Other 14,367 14,085 13,782 13,427 13,408 13,404 13,932 13,950 3,098 2,085 1,604

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2.7.3 Characteristics of Widow Allowees, 1995 to 199928

 
              1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Introduced 1 January 1995.
Females             8,733 11,723 17,508 24,759 27,524
By age groups
50–59             7,078 9,500 16,802 20,649 23,061
60 and over             1,655 2,223 706 4,110 5,463
Duration of Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a
Over 7 weeks             n/a n/a n/a n/a 733
Over 7 weeks to 3 months             n/a n/a n/a n/a 839
Over 3 months  to 6 months             n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,520
Over 6 months  to 9 months             n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,633
Over 9 months  to 1 year             n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,655
More than 1 to less than 2 years             n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,521
2 to less than 3 years             n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,068
3 to less than 4 years             n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,588
4 to less than 5 years             n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,994
5 years  and over             n/a n/a n/a n/a 5,972
Mean Duration (weeks)             n/a n/a n/a n/a 184
Median  Duration (weeks)             n/a n/a n/a n/a 142
Country of birth (selected countries)
Australia             n/a n/a n/a n/a 16,919
UK/Ireland/Eire             n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,463
China             n/a n/a n/a n/a 632
Italy             n/a n/a n/a n/a 524
New Zealand             n/a n/a n/a n/a 446
Other             n/a n/a n/a n/a 6,540
Paid under income test
Nil             n/a n/a n/a n/a 25,525
Up to the free area             n/a n/a n/a n/a 289
Over free area             n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,710

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2.8 Characteristics of recipients of Mature Age Allowances, 1994 to 199929

>

 
  1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. The table  aggregates data  for Mature Age Allowances paid  under  pension conditions and under  allowance conditions. Mature Age Allowance (MAA) was  introduced in March 1994 for men over 60 years  of age  who  were  unemployed and had received income  support  for 12 months  or more and were  eligible for Newstart.  MAA is not activity  tested  (unlike Newstart)  and up until 30 June 1996, MAA was  paid  at the same  rates  and under  the same  income  and assets  tests as the Age Pension. Until 1 July 1995, the partners  of MAA recipients could  be granted Mature Age Partner  Allowance, paid  at the same  rates  and under  the same  conditions as Wife Pension. These  women are included in the MAA population. From 1 July 1996, there  were  no new  grants  of MAA or MAPA under  these  conditions and these  ‘Pension’ MAAs and MAPAs are a declining population. From 1 July 1996, MAA was  paid  under  the allowance income  and assets  tests to people who  had been  on Newstart  for 9 months  or any  other payment (except Special Benefit  or Austudy  Payment) for any  period  and had no recent  workforce experience. This payment is sometimes referred  to as ‘Newstart’  MAA: there  is no equivalent ‘Newstart’  MAPA, though  the partner  of an MAA recipient may  be eligible for Partner  Allowance. From 1 July 1995, the Age Pension  qualifying age  for women is being  progressively raised  (from 60 to 65 years  by January 2014) and, consequently, there  is a growing population of women receiving MAA.
Males 27,528 39,026 45,772 52,798 48,972 43,521
Females 10,230 15,095 12,114 7,939 6,160 3,448
Persons 37,758 54,118 57,886 60,737 55,132 46,969
By age groups
60–64 27,528 39,026 45,772 52,798 48,972 43,521
Females
Under 45 423 583 404 255 139 56
45–49 615 877 611 344 189 77
50–59 8,875 12,844 9,288 5,738 2,963 1,154
60–64 307 781 1,802 1,598 2,867 2,160
65+ 10 10 9 4 2 1
Persons
Under 45 423 583 404 255 139 56
45–49 615 877 611 344 189 77
50–59 8875 12844 9288 5738 2963 1154
60–64 27,835 39,807 47,574 54,396 51,839 45,681
65+ 10 10 9 4 2 1
Duration of payment
Males
Up to 7 weeks n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,512
Over 7 weeks to 3 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,285
Over 3 months  to 6 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 7,658
Over 6 months  to 9 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,046
Over 9 months  to 1 year n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,780
More than 1 to less than 2 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0
2 to less than 3 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 735
3 to less than 4 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,643
4 to less than 5 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5,773
5 years  and over n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 89
Up to 7 weeks n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 252
Over 7 weeks to 3 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 245
Over 3 months to 6 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 470
Over 6 months to 9 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 342
Over 9 months to 1 year n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 498
More than 1 to less than 2 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4
2 to less than 3 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4
3 to less than 4 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 213
4 to less than 5 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,402
5 years and over n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 18
Persons
Up to 7 weeks n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,764
Over 7 weeks to 3 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,530
Over 3 months to 6 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,128
Over 6 months to 9 months n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,388
Over 9 months to 1 year n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 9,278
More than 1 to less than 2 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4
2 to less than 3 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 739
3 to less than 4 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,856
4 to less than 5 years n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 7,175
5 years and over n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 107
Mean duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 207
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0
Persons n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 207
Median duration
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 171
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Persons n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 171
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 25,201
Former Yugoslavia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 303
Italy n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,391
Greece n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,116
Netherlands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 619
Other n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 14,891
Females
Australia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,047
Former Yugoslavia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 31
Italy n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 99
Greece n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 82
Netherlands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 42
Other n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,147
Persons
Australia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 27,248
Former Yugoslavia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 334
Italy n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,490
Greece n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,198
Netherlands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 661
Other n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 16,038
Paid under income test
Males
Nil n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 556
Up to the free area n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 30,667
Over to the free area n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 12,298
Females
Nil n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,231
Up to the free area n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,553
Over to the free area n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 664
Persons
Nil n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,787
Up to the free area n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 32,220
Over to the free area n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 12,962

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2.9 Characteristics of recipients of income support paid in respect of unemployment, 1989 to 199930

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. This table aggregates data for the various combinations of unemployment payments available over the period of this compendium. It includes data for Unemployment Benefit (up to 1991), Job Search Allowance (Table 2.9.2, up to 1996), Newstart Allowance (Table 2.9.1, from 1992), Youth Training Allowance (Table 2.9.3, from 1995 to 1998) and Youth Allowance (other) (Table 2.9.4, form 1999). For a more detailed account of the changes to income support payments, see Appendix A.
Males 272,776 295,044 483,214 614,140 645,658 600,257 559,439 569,381 551,988 539,861 491,041
Females 106,541 111,005 167,722 216,875 243,908 248,341 235,382 255,576 249,835 250,444 222,346
Persons 379,317 406,049 650,936 831,015 889,566 848,598 794,821 824,957 801,823 790,305 713,387
By age groups
Males
Under 18 7,152 8,208 14,003 17,485 20,725 19,694 19,517 19,397 16,914 15,887 10,012
18 - 24 73,814 84,458 147,164 182,631 184,020 168,950 153,880 154,115 143,243 139,445 116,511
25 - 34 81,540 89,291 147,186 181,804 180,447 167,051 156,603 162,544 158,989 156,737 145,559
35 - 44 46,800 49,770 83,350 110,340 116,301 112,401 106,151 110,573 111,153 109,702 104,494
45 - 54 29,091 29,046 45,968 64,222 73,298 75,247 71,976 73,748 76,880 76,912 74,619
55 - 59 16,433 15,402 20,900 27,053 33,103 36,763 36,590 35,894 35,988 33,031 30,731
60 - 64 17,946 18,869 24,643 30,605 37,764 20,151 14,722 13,110 8,821 8,147 9,115
Females
Under 18 7,839 7,999 12,001 14,399 17,923 17,652 17,884 17,552 15,278 14,679 9,056
18 - 24 51,606 54,271 85,091 106,879 115,206 111,528 101,421 103,217 95,453 93,834 76,462
25 - 34 21,754 22,150 32,219 41,044 44,740 45,986 45,634 51,051 50,334 51,358 47,339
35 - 44 13,322 13,791 19,952 26,999 30,540 31,983 31,617 35,985 37,558 37,996 37,483
45 - 54 9,711 10,413 15,508 23,484 29,217 32,664 31,648 37,651 40,173 41,150 40,610
55 - 59 2,309 2,381 2,951 4,070 6,282 8,528 7,178 9,638 10,648 10,592 10,480
60 - 64482 391 835 916                
Persons
Under 18 14,991 16,207 26,004 31,884 38,648 37,346 37,401 36,949 32,192 30,566 19,068
18 - 24 125,420 138,729 232,255 289,510 299,226 280,478 255,301 257,332 238,696 233,279 192,973
25 - 34 103,294 111,441 179,405 222,848 225,187 213,037 202,237 213,595 209,323 208,095 192,898
35 - 44 60,122 63,561 103,302 137,339 146,841 144,384 137,768 146,558 148,711 147,698 141,977
45 - 54 38,802 39,459 61,476 87,706 102,515 107,911 103,624 111,399 117,053 118,062 115,229
55 - 59 18,741 17,783 23,850 31,123 39,385 45,291 43,768 45,532 46,636 43,623 41,211
60 - 64 17,947 18,869 24,644 30,605 37,764 20,151 14,722 13,592 9,212 8,982 10,031
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 194,955 211,055 351,235 446,702 471,173 443,667 416,654 426,432 416,173 409,803 328,147
UK/Ireland 19,077 21,445 34,218 40,756 40,901 34,792 31,099 30,147 28,405 26,533 23,252
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 11,540 12,574 16,782 20,425 22,016 21,854 20,549 19,473 15,414 14,978 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 13,415
New Zealand 4,510 6,254 11,656 14,301 14,368 12,672 12,107 13,287 12,818 12,604 11,012
Lebanon 6,327 n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,886 7,974 7,601 7,307 6,897 6,287
Other 36,367 43,716 69,323 91,956 97,200 78,386 71,056 72,441 71,871 69,046 108,928
Females
Australia 84,351 87,262 133,105 171,892 193,868 197,090 186,962 200,785 196,289 197,587 139,200
UK/Ireland 5,399 5,427 7,619 9,154 9,818 9,792 8,790 9,834 9,550 9,225 7,558
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 3,421 4,279 5,792 7,121 7,812 8,266 7,999 8,494 7,062 6,973 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5,899
New Zealand 2,225 2,595 4,194 5,276 5,607 5,636 5,418 6,017 5,879 6,012 4,844
Lebanon 981 n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,612 1,578 1,557 1,481 1,414 1,110
Other 10,164 11,442 17,012 23,432 26,803 25,945 24,635 28,889 29,574 29,233 63,735
Australia 279,306 298,317 484,340 618,594 665,041 640,757 603,616 627,217 612,462 607,390 467,347
UK/Ireland 24,476 26,872 41,837 49,910 50,719 44,584 39,889 40,182 37,955 35,758 30,810
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 14,961 16,853 22,574 27,546 29,828 30,120 28,548 28,110 22,476 21,951 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 19,314
New Zealand 6,735 8,849 15,850 19,577 19,975 18,308 17,525 19,960 18,697 18,616 15,856
Lebanon 7,308 n/a n/a n/a n/a 10,498 9,552 9,158 8,788 8,311 7,397
Other 46,531 55,158 86,335 115,388 124,003 104,331 95,691 101,330 101,445 98,279 172,663
  379,317 406,049 650,936 831,015 889,566 848,598 794,821 825,957 801,823 790,305 713,387
Rates paid
Males
Standard rate (single) 161,524 180,519 304,674 385,485 404,033 382,159 362,533 373,557 370,826 373,005 340,916
Without children 160,298 179,333 302,996 383,469 402,777 380,181 360,589 372,523 369,099 n/a n/a
With children 1,226 1,186 1,678 2,016 1,256 1,978 1,944 1,034 1,727 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 111,015 114,235 178,280 228,655 241,625 218,098 196,906 195,824 181,162 166,856 150,093
Without children 41,947 44,135 65,311 84,128 240,778 n/a 73,693 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 69,068 70,100 112,969 144,527 847 n/a 123,213 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 237 290 260                
Females
Standard rate (single) 99,559 103,275 151,890 192,397 214,239 216,466 201,990 208,415 204,647 206,841 182,963
Without children 96,375 100,710 148,915 189,554 211,698 210,776 196,492 205,927 202,420 n/a n/a
With children 3,184 2,565 2,975 2,843 2,541 5,690 5,498 2,488 2,227 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 111,015 114,235 178,280 228,655 241,625 218,098 196,906 195,824 181,162 166,856 150,093
Married rate (couple) 6,899 7,625 15,743 24,478 29,669 31,875 33,392 47,161 45,188 43,603 39,383
Without children 3,029 3,545 9,284 13,862 18,524 n/a 17,712 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 3,870 4,080 6,459 10,616 11,145 n/a 15,680 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 83 105 89                
Persons
Standard rate (single) 261,083 283,794 456,564 577,882 618,272 598,625 564,523 581,972 575,473 579,846 523,879
Without children 256,673 280,043 451,911 573,023 614,475 590,957 557,081 578,450 571,519 n/a n/a
With children 4,410 3,751 4,653 4,859 3,797 7,668 7,442 3,522 3,954 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 117,914 121,860 194,023 253,133 271,294 249,973 230,298 242,985 226,350 210,459 189,476
Married rate (couple) 44,976 47,680 74,595 97,990 259,302 n/a 91,405 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Without children 72,938 74,180 119,428 155,143 11,992 n/a 138,893 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 3,870 4,080 6,459 10,616 11,145 n/a 15,680 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 320 395 349                
Duration of Allowance
Males
Up to 7 weeks 48,247 66,603 99,112 119,958 87,641 77,165 79,279 90,612 50,648 43,926 n/a
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 27,222 37,234 67,692 88,301 63,460 54,998 56,127 59,120 35,555 42,933 n/a
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 41,310 50,864 101,591 141,934 109,878 100,342 95,961 108,636 79,446 76,945 n/a
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 44,098 50,973 101,566 166,060 115,957 114,759 103,946 116,818 109,923 82,790 202,351
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 45,930 37,109 63,372 22,113 123,964 107,894 92,126 97,407 130,088 118,167 90,675
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 23,535 18,345 17,957 39,296 74,829 58,574 46,794 33,299 54,246 72,413 69,569
Over 3 years 42,434 33,916 31,924 36,478 69,925 86,525 85,206 63,489 92,082 102,687 128,446
Females
Up to 7 weeks 22,838 28,028 39,943 49,048 36,827 35,068 36,891 41,606 23,833 21,376 n/a
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 14,314 16,681 27,507 36,243 28,382 26,343 26,916 28,997 17,776 22,847 n/a
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 18,451 22,163 37,906 53,362 55,632 52,924 48,042 57,011 44,366 44,427 n/a
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 18,370 19,869 32,750 53,824 43,610 46,241 43,352 52,698 50,747 39,595 103,486
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 17,159 13,144 19,587 7,591 42,853 44,981 40,055 43,560 60,779 55,942 42,004
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 7,083 5,293 4,687 10,156 20,026 20,268 17,089 13,086 23,012 31,812 28,526
Over 3 years 8,326 5,827 5,342 6,651 16,578 22,516 23,037 18,618 29,322 34,445 48,330
Persons                      
Up to 7 weeks 71,085 94,631 139,055 169,006 124,468 112,233 116,170 132,218 74,481 65,302 n/a
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 41,536 53,915 95,199 124,544 91,842 81,341 83,043 88,117 53,331 65,780 n/a
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 59,761 73,027 139,497 195,296 165,510 153,266 144,003 165,647 123,812 121,372 n/a
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 62,468 70,842 134,316 219,884 159,567 161,000 147,298 169,516 160,670 122,385 305,837
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 63,089 50,253 82,959 29,704 166,834 152,875 132,181 140,967 190,867 174,109 132,679
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 30,618 23,638 22,644 49,452 94,845 78,842 63,883 46,385 77,258 104,225 98,095
Over 3 years 50,760 39,743 37,266 43,129 86,500 109,041 108,243 82,107 121,404 137,132 176,776
Mean duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 77 92 89 99 82
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 60 74 73 80 83
Persons n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 71 72 86 84 93 83
Median duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 37 33 52 63 68
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 29 29 46 51 68
Persons n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 37 34 32 50 59 68
Paid under income test
Males
Nil 207,623 227,995 369,969 454,346 473,015 433,728 439,804 400,339 358,577 484,038 442,787
Up to the free area 31,963 30,229 59,806 72,625 82,032 70,857 29,110 78,554 123,068 8,194 6,220
Over to the free area 33,190 36,820 53,439 87,169 90,611 95,672 90,525 90,488 70,343 47,629 42,034
Females
Nil 81,701 85,642 128,339 159,816 178,405 174,581 173,763 163,855 142,368 205,151 183,094
Up to the free area 11,398 11,016 19,120 24,771 27,659 26,186 12,618 35,889 58,624 6,325 4,603
Over to the free area 13,442 14,347 20,263 32,288 37,844 47,574 49,001 55,832 48,843 38,968 34,648
Persons
Nil 289,324 313,637 498,308 614,162 651,420 608,309 613,567 564,194 500,945 689,189 625,881
Up to the free area 43,361 41,245 78,926 97,396 109,691 97,043 41,728 114,443 181,692 14,519 10,823
Over to the free area 46,632 51,167 73,702 119,457 128,455 143,246 139,526 146,320 119,186 86,597 76,682
Activity Type
Males
Job Search n/a n/a n/a 594,591 617,788 571,358 530,269 520,800 490,382 492,674 388,593
Incapacitated n/a n/a n/a 1,146 6,282 10,765 9,087 24,376 40,599 30,485 37,902
Training n/a n/a n/a 9,762 16,813 16,030 17,225 19,321 14,754 6,161 n/a
Other n/a n/a n/a 8,641 4,775 2,104 2,858 4,884 6,253 10,541 64,546
Females
Job Search n/a n/a n/a 207,856 228,407 231,645 218,875 227,345 212,401 220,766 150,817
Incapacitated n/a n/a n/a 424 2,506 4,745 4,231 13,741 24,100 18,992 21,768
Training n/a n/a n/a 4,505 9,846 10,309 10,393 12,889 9,988 4,702 n/a
Other n/a n/a n/a 4,090 3,149 1,642 1,883 1,601 3,346 5,984 49,761
Persons
Job Search n/a n/a n/a 802,447 846,195 803,003 749,144 748,145 702,783 713,440 539,410
Incapacitated n/a n/a n/a 1,570 8,788 15,510 13,318 38,117 64,699 49,477 59,670
Training n/a n/a n/a 14,267 26,659 26,339 27,618 32,210 24,742 10,863 n/a
Other n/a n/a n/a 12,731 7,924 3,746 4,741 6,485 9,599 16,525 114,307

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2.9.1 Characteristics of Newstart Allowees, 1992 to 199931

 
  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Unemployment Benefit (see Table 2.9, 1989 to 1991) was payable from 1 July 1945 until replaced by Newstart and Job Search Allowances on 1 July 1991. From 1 January 1988, Job Search Allowance replaced Unemployment Benefit for 16 and 17 year olds. From 1 July 1991, Job Search Allowance was expanded to include all recipients of Unemployment Benefit in receipt of payment for less than 12 months. Those with longer durations were paid Newstart Allowance and Unemployment Benefit was abolished. From 20 September 1996, Job Search Allowance was subsumed into Newstart Allowance. The recipients reported in this table for 1997 to 1999 are Newstart Allowees with durations less than 12 months.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were  integrated into Family  Payment or (where there  were  no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date,  entitlements to supplements are notional rather  than operational.
Males 244,744 325,427 311,881 279,936 240,907 272,592 289,458 273,540
Females 69,132 97,921 107,596 99,892 92,609 109,506 118,577 106,371
Persons 313,876 423,348 419,477 379,828 333,516 382,098 408,035 379,911
By age groups
Males
Under 18 1       65 9    
18 - 20 21,895 29,666 27,794 23,196 20,032 22,781 22,970 17,086
21 - 24 40,827 52,581 49,640 43,057 35,299 40,054 40,754 30,314
25 - 34 75,195 95,634 91,960 80,259 68,802 79,215 84,421 85,109
35 - 44 46,459 63,821 66,518 60,359 52,619 60,682 65,826 66,192
45 - 54 28,243 41,087 46,182 44,360 38,796 44,828 50,228 49,250
55 - 59 13,812 18,953 23,455 24,768 22,141 23,424 23,318 22,864
60 - 64 18,312 23,685 6,332 3,937 3,218 1,543 1,932 2,725
Females
Under 18 2       92 16    
18 - 20 15,925 21,905 21,370 19,349 17,121 18,047 18,087 12,099
21 - 24 17,014 22,918 24,078 21,098 17,923 20,996 21,692 14,510
25 - 34 14,547 19,651 21,555 20,422 18,931 22,875 25,341 25,438
35 - 44 9,938 14,478 16,435 15,904 15,592 19,189 21,377 21,343
45 - 54 9,785 15,514 19,012 18,693 18,015 22,162 25,242 25,916
55 - 59 1,921 3,455 5,146 4,426 4,884 6,027 6,562 6,737
60 - 64         143 118 260 328
Persons
Under 18 3         157 25  
18 - 20 37,820 51,571 49,164 42,545 37,153 40,828 41,057 29,185
21 - 24 57,841 75,499 73,718 64,155 53,222 61,050 62,446 44,824
25 - 34 89,742 115,285 113,515 100,681 87,733 102,090 109,762 110,547
35 - 44 56,397 78,299 82,953 76,263 68,211 79,871 87,203 87,535
45 - 54 38,028 56,601 65,194 63,053 56,811 66,990 75,470 75,166
55 - 59 15,733 22,408 28,601 29,194 27,025 29,451 29,880 29,601
60 - 64 18,312 23,685 6,332 3,937 3,361 1,661 2,192 3,053
Rates paid
Males
Standard rate (single) 144,496 193,723 190,050 171,606 148,724 176,003 192,338 183,282
Without  children 143,599 193,005 189,020 170,643 148,225 175,098 n/a n/a
With children 897 718 1,030 963 499 905 n/a n/a
Married  rate (couple) 100,248 131,704 121,831 108,330 92,183 96,589 97,120 90,258
Without  children 37,949 131,283 42,198 38,394 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 62,299 421 79,633 69,936 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Females
Standard rate (single) 61,837 85,823 93,283 85,535 75,713 88,378 96,787 86,893
Without children 60,871 84,461 90,976 83,260 74,712 87,292 n/a n/a
With children 966 1,362 2,307 2,275 1,001 1,086 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 7,295 12,098 14,313 14,357 16,896 21,128 21,790 19,478
Without children 4,338 6,925 7,933 7,749 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 2,957 5,173 6,380 6,608 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Persons
Standard rate (single) 206,333 279,546 283,333 257,141 224,437 264,381 289,125 270,175
Without children 204,470 277,466 279,996 253,903 222,937 262,390 n/a n/a
With children 1,863 2,080 3,337 3,238 1,500 1,991 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 107,543 143,802 136,144 122,687 109,079 117,717 118,910 109,736
Without children 42,287 138,208 50,131 46,143 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 65,256 5,594 86,013 76,544 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Duration of Allowance
Males
Up to 7 weeks 38,596 12,126 11,224 10,740 10,119      
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 28,378 8,689 8,209 8,278 7,090      
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 45,451 15,180 15,216 15,735 12,280      
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 38,310 25,674 28,965 25,515 22,093      
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 18,384 118,990 103,229 87,740 92,609 126,648 114,808 79,077
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 39,188 74,836 58,522 46,729 33,239 53,875 71,976 66,757
Over 3 years 36,437 69,932 86,516 85,199 63,477 92,069 102,674 127,706
Females
Up to 7 weeks 12,988 4,111 3,785 3,996 3,471      
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 9,268 2,884 3,090 3,198 2,638      
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 13,857 5,148 5,616 6,289 5,029      
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 10,816 8,986 10,567 9,499 9,648      
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 5,445 40,215 41,804 36,860 40,183 57,544 52,768 32,101
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 10,123 20,009 20,226 17,019 13,031 22,646 31,368 26,429
Over 3 years 6,635 16,568 22,508 23,031 18,609 29,316 34,441 47,841
Persons
Up to 7 weeks 51,584 16,237 15,009 14,736 13,590      
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 37,646 11,573 11,299 11,476 9,728      
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 59,308 2,328 20,832 22,024 17,309      
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 49,126 34,660 39,532 35,014 31,741      
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 23,829 159,205 145,033 124,600 132,792 184,192 167,576 111,178
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 49,311 94,845 78,748 63,748 46,270 76,521 103,344 93,186
Over 3 years 43,072 86,500 109,024 108,230 82,086 121,385 137,115 175,547
Mean duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a 133.5 157.8 155.4 164.9 189.4
Females n/a n/a n/a 114.5 133.3 135.5 144.9 192.9
Persons 99.0 118.0 122.6 128.5 151.0 149.7 159.1 191.2
Median duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a 97.5 84.8 111.0 122.1 149.1
Females n/a n/a n/a 83.9 77.3 100.0 113.4 144.6
Persons 55.0 92.0 93.6 93.5 82.3 107.0 119.6 146.9
Paid under income test
Males
Nil 187,377 245,181 230,264 217,151 172,516 180,780 259,568 247,982
Up to the free area 26,364 38,856 34,901 17,402 28,961 55,063 4,581 3,439
Over free area 31,003 41,390 46,716 45,383 39,430 36,749 25,309 22,119
Females
Nil 52,292 72,917 75,371 72,658 60,122 62,476 97,424 88,444
Up to the free area 7,446 11,076 12,144 6,506 11,818 24,290 2,982 2,137
Over free area 9,394 13,928 20,081 20,728 20,669 22,740 18,171 15,790
Persons
Nil 239,669 318,098 305,635 289,809 232,638 243,256 356,992 336,426
Up to the free area 33,810 49,932 47,045 23,908 40,779 79,353 7,563 5,576
Over free area 40,397 55,318 66,797 66,111 60,099 59,489 43,480 37,909
Activity Type
Males
Job Search n/a 307,902 293,070 262,079 215,736 240,363 263,696 241,265
Incapacitated n/a 3,758 6,293 4,940 10,512 19,749 16,582 21,367
Training n/a 12,096 11,351 10,377 11,005 8,800 2,823 n/a
Other n/a 1,671 1,167 2,540 3,654 3,680 6,357 10,908
Females
Job Search n/a 89,217 97,517 90,690 80,253 91,814 103,841 88,894
Incapacitated n/a 1,235 2,466 2,115 5,001 10,440 9,278 11,400
Training n/a 6,462 6,860 5,536 6,420 5,349 2,092 n/a
Other n/a 1,007 753 1,551 935 1,903 3,366 6,077
Persons
Job Search n/a 397,119 390,587 352,769 295,989 332,177 367,537 330,159
Incapacitated 3,850 4,993 8,759 7,055 15,513 30,189 25,860 32,767
Training 10,187 18,558 18,211 15,913 17,425 14,149 4,915 n/a
Other 299,839 2,678 1,920 4,091 4,589 5,583 9,723 16,985

Supplementary Payments32

Mother/Guardian allowance 2,225              
Remote  area  allowance 7,014 9,037 End of series          

Homeless rate

  5            
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 174,659 230,909 223,901 203,195 174,086 201,998 217,088 203,379
UK/Ireland 16,902 21,185 18,021 15,700 13,127 14,058 14,637 13,889
Europe (excl. UK/Ireland) 18,302 25,314 22,719 18,861 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle East 7,020 9,926 10,268 9,138 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Americas 2,952 4,133 3,706 2,918 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 1,883 2,884 2,807 2,509 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos n/a n/a 14,422 13,254 11,761 9,188 9,104 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 9,261
Lebanon n/a n/a 6,135 5,422 4,505 4,623 4,752 4,527
Other Asia 16,538 21,886 896 665 n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand n/a n/a 5,953 5,122 4,778 5,526 5,768 5,648
Oceania (excl. Australia and New Zealand) 6,089 8,564 2,059 1,655 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 399 626 994 1,497 32,650 37,199 38,109 36,836
Females
Australia 53,876 76,251 83,370 77,762 71,271 84,563 92,220 81,591
UK/Ireland 3,041 3,974 4,434 3,919 3,587 4,196 4,514 4,190
Europe (excl. UK/Ireland) 3,120 4,709 5,595 4,823 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle East 875 1,348 1,471 1,370 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Americas 776 1,119 1,182 953 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 442 702 846 844 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos n/a n/a 4,655 4,306 4,134 3,784 3,784 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,788
Lebanon n/a n/a 766 710 654 732 777 714
Other Asia 5,068 6,941 2,029 2,738 n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand n/a n/a 2,138 2,019 1,970 2,402 2,553 2,372
Oceania (excl. Australia and New Zealand) 1842 2742 809 752 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 92 135 301 406 10,993 13,829 14,729 13,716
Persons
Australia 228,535 307,160 307,271 280,957 245,357 286,561 309,308 284,970
UK/Ireland 19,943 25,159 22,455 19,619 16,714 18,254 19,151 18,079
Europe (excl. UK/Ireland) 21,422 30,023 28,314 23,684 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle East 7,895 11,274 11,739 10,508 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Americas 3,728 5,252 4,888 3,871 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 2,325 3,586 3,653 3,353 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos n/a n/a 19,077 17,560 15,895 12,972 12,888 n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 13,049
Lebanon n/a n/a 6,901 5,422 5,159 5,355 5,529 5,241
Other Asia 21,606 28,827 2,925 3,403 n/a n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand n/a n/a 8,091 7,141 6,748 7,928 8,321 8,020
Oceania (excl. Australia and New Zealand) 11306 2868 2407 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 491 761 1,295 1,903 43,643 51,028 52,838 50,552

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2.9.2 Characteristics of Job Search Allowees, 1989 to 199633

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From 1 January 1988, Job Search Allowance replaced Unemployment Benefit for 16 and 17 year olds. From 1 July 1991, Job Search Allowance was expanded to include all recipients of Unemployment Benefit in receipt of payment for less than 12 months. Those with longer durations were paid Newstart Allowance and Unemployment Benefit was abolished. From 20 September 1996, Job Search Allowance was subsumed into Newstart Allowance. The recipients reported in this table for 1997 to 1999 are Newstart Allowees with durations less than 12 months.
  2. From 1 January 1993, supplementary payments were integrated into Family Payment or (where there were no dependent children) into the pension or allowance. From that date, entitlements to supplements are notional rather than operational.
Males 7,152 8,208 14,003 369,413 320,231 288,376 268,257 310,366 262,583 234,551 171,800
Females 7,839 7,999 12,001 147,745 145,987 140,745 125,574 146,660 125,178 117,226 77,466
Persons 14,991 16,207 26,004 517,158 466,218 429,121 393,831 457,026 387,761 351,777 249,266
By age groups
Males
Under 18 7,152 8,208 14,003 17,485 20,725 19,694 8,404 1,289 36 26 2
18 - 20       54,337 46,303 40,521 37,643 41,939 34,233 33,831 14,934
21 - 24       65,578 55,470 50,995 49,851 56,845 46,175 41,890 18,491
25 - 34       106,614 84,813 75,091 76,344 93,742 79,774 72,316 60,445
35 - 44       63,884 52,480 45,883 45,792 57,954 50,471 43,876 38,302
45 - 54       35,981 32,211 29,065 27,616 34,952 32,052 26,684 24,367
55 - 59       13,242 14,150 13,308 11,822 13,753 12,564 9,713 8,869
60 - 64       12,294 14,079 13,819 10,785 9,892 7,278 6,215 6,390
Females
Under 18 7,839 7,999 12,001 14,397 17,923 17,652 8,130 1,245 35 22 0
18 - 20       42,613 39,165 35,711 32,084 34,062 28,671 28,255 10,665
21 - 24       31,328 31,218 30,369 28,728 34,111 27,739 25,800 9,739
25 - 34       26,497 25,089 24,431 25,212 32,120 27,459 26,017 21,897
35 - 44       17,061 16,062 15,548 15,713 20,393 18,369 16,619 16,140
45 - 54       13,699 13,703 13,652 12,955 19,636 18,011 15,908 14,710
55 - 59       2,149 2,827 3,382 2,752 4,754 4,621 4,030 3,727
60 - 64               339 273 575 588
Persons
Under 18 14,991 16,207 26,004 31,882 38,648 37,346 16,534 2,534 71 48 2
18 - 20       96,949 85,468 76,232 69,727 76,001 62,904 62,086 25,599
21 - 24       96,906 86,688 81,364 78,579 90,956 73,914 67,690 28,230
25 - 34       133,111 109,902 99,522 101,556 125,862 107,233 98,333 82,342
35 - 44       80,945 68,542 61,431 61,505 78,347 68,840 60,495 54,442
45 - 54       49,680 45,914 42,717 40,571 54,588 50,063 42,592 39,077
55 - 59       15,391 16,977 16,690 14,574 18,507 17,185 13,743 12,596
60 - 64       12,294 14,079 13,819 10,785 10,231 7,551 6,790 6,978
Rates paid
Males
Standard rate (single) 6,868 7,939 13,703 241,000 210,310 192,109 179,811 207,074 178,437 165,232 114,401
Without children 6,687 7,936 13,700 239,881 209,772 191,161 178,831 206,543 177,625 n/a n/a
With children 1 3 3 1,119 538 948 980 531 812 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 273 250 291 128,413 109,921 96,267 88,446 103,292 84,146 69,319 57,399
Without children 190 185 185 46,181 109,495 39,974 35,196 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 83 65 106 82,232 426 56,293 53,250 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 11 19 9                
Females
Standard rate (single) 7,713 7,837 10,952 130,562 128,416 123,183 107,081 117,640 102,455 96,820 61,054
Without children 7,703 7,826 10,937 128,685 127,237 119,800 103,878 116,162 101,351 n/a n/a
With children 10 11 15 1,877 1,179 3,383 3,203 1,478 1,104 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 121 152 1,040 17,183 17,571 17,562 18,493 29,020 22,723 20,406 16,412
Without children 108 136 1,028 9,524 11,599 8,989 9,457 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 13 16 12 7,659 5,972 8,573 9,036 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 5 10 9                
Persons
Standard rate (single) 14,581 15,776 24,655 371,562 338,726 315,292 286,892 324,714 280,892 262,052 175,455
Without children 14.570 15,762 24,637 368,566 337,009 310,961 282,709 322,705 278,976 n/a n/a
With children 11 14 18 2,996 1,717 4,331 4,183 2,009 1,916 n/a n/a
Married rate (couple) 394 402 1,331 145,596 127,492 113,829 106,939 132,312 106,869 89,725 73,811
Without children 298 321 1,213 55,705 121,094 48,963 44,653 n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 96 81 118 89,891 6,398 64,866 62,286 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Rate not coded 16 29 18                
Duration of Allowance
Males
Up to 7 weeks n/a n/a n/a 81,366 75,515 65,941 64,293 75,320 47,851 41,672 28,426
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months n/a n/a n/a 59,926 54,771 46,789 44,834 48,935 33,871 40,517 27,834
Over 3 months, up to 6 months n/a n/a n/a 96,487 94,698 85,126 76,244 90,513 74,987 72,905 46,581
Over 6 months, up to 1 year n/a n/a n/a 127,756 90,283 85,794 78,431 91,648 105,874 79,457 68,959
Over 1 year, up to 2 years n/a n/a n/a 3,729 4,925 4,665 4,383 3,878      
Over 2 years, up to 3 years n/a n/a n/a 108 31 52 65 60      
Over 3 years n/a n/a n/a 41 8 9 7 12      
Females
Up to 7 weeks n/a n/a n/a 36,060 32,716 31,283 29,260 34,132 21,503 19,516 12,099
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months n/a n/a n/a 26,975 25,498 23,253 21,144 23,777 16,263 20,801 12,686
Over 3 months, up to 6 months n/a n/a n/a 39,506 50,484 47,308 38,051 46,674 40,528 40,620 20,812
Over 6 months, up to 1 year n/a n/a n/a 43,009 34,624 35,674 33,848 39,850 46,884 36,289 31,869
Over 1 year, up to 2 years n/a n/a n/a 2,146 2,638 3,177 3,195 2,163      
Over 2 years, up to 3 years n/a n/a n/a 33 17 42 70 55      
Over 3 years n/a n/a n/a 16 10 8 6 9      
Persons
Up to 7 weeks n/a n/a n/a 117,426 108,231 97,224 93,553 109,452 69,354 61,188 40,525
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months n/a n/a n/a 86,901 80,269 70,042 65,978 72,712 50,134 61,318 40,520
Over 3 months, up to 6 months n/a n/a n/a 135,993 145,182 132,434 114,295 137,187 115,515 113,525 67,393
Over 6 months, up to 1 year n/a n/a n/a 170,764 124,907 121,468 112,279 131,498 152,758 115,746 100,828
Over 1 year, up to 2 years n/a n/a n/a 5,875 7,563 7,842 7,578 6,041      
Over 2 years, up to 3 years n/a n/a n/a 141 48 94 135 115      
Over 3 years n/a n/a n/a 57 18 17 13 21      
Mean duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 20 20 20 23 21 23
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 20 20 20 22 21 24
Persons n/a n/a n/a 21 19 20 20 20 23 21 23
Median duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 17 17 17 22 19 21
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 16 17 17 21 18 21
Persons n/a n/a n/a 17 16 17 17 17 21 19 21
Paid under income test
Males
Nil n/a n/a n/a 266,981 227,834 203,464 212,403 211,616 162,732 209,608 153,384
Up to the free area n/a n/a n/a 46,263 43,176 35,956 11,388 48,737 66,972 3,361 1,994
Over free area n/a n/a n/a 56,169 49,221 48,956 44,466 50,013 32,879 21,582 16,422
Females
Nil n/a n/a n/a 107,525 105,488 99,210 92,770 89,934 67,027 94,744 62,630
Up to the free area n/a n/a n/a 17,325 16,583 14,042 5,717 23,281 33,280 3,004 1,474
Over free area n/a n/a n/a 22,894 23,916 27,493 27,087 33,445 24,871 19,478 13,362
Persons
Nil n/a n/a n/a 374,507 333,322 302,674 305,173 301,550 229,759 304,352 216,014
Up to the free area n/a n/a n/a 63,588 59,759 49,998 17,105 72,018 100,252 6,365 3,468
Over free area n/a n/a n/a 79,063 73,137 76,449 71,553 83,458 57,750 41,060 29,784
Activity Type
Males
Job Search n/a n/a n/a 360,603 309,886 278,288 257,223 288,578 234,533 214,042 147,328
Incapacitated n/a n/a n/a 775 2,528 4,472 4,062 13,505 20,445 13,673 16,535
Training n/a n/a n/a 3,362 4,717 4,679 5,769 7,092 5,183 2,836 n/a
Other n/a n/a n/a 4,673 3,100 937 1,203 1,191 2,422 4,000 7,937
Females
Job Search n/a n/a n/a 142,939 139,190 134,128 118,564 132,432 106,854 103,282 61,923
Incapacitated n/a n/a n/a 302 1,271 2,279 2,001 8,207 12,940 9,259 10,368
Training n/a n/a n/a 1,822 3,402 3,449 4,098 5,396 4,073 2,287 n/a
Other n/a n/a n/a 2,682 2,124 889 911 625 1,311 2,398 5,175
Persons
Job Search n/a n/a n/a 503,540 449,076 412,416 375,787 421,010 341,387 317,324 209,251
Incapacitated n/a n/a n/a 1,077 3,799 6,751 6,063 21,712 33,385 22,932 26,903
Training n/a n/a n/a 5,184 8,119 8,128 9,867 12,488 9,256 5,123 n/a
Other n/a n/a n/a 7,355 5,224 1,826 2,114 1,816 3,733 6,398 13,112
Supplementary payments34
Mother/Guardian Allowance n/a n/a n/a 3,789 n/a            
Remote area allowance n/a n/a n/a 10,964 9,813 End of series          
Homeless rate n/a n/a n/a 5,020 8,788            
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia n/a n/a n/a 267,281 233,904 219,766 203,054 235,447 198,463 177,942 124,768
UK/Ireland n/a n/a n/a 23,855 19,716 16,771 15,246 16,790 14,037 11,583 9,363
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos n/a n/a n/a 8,915 7,554 7,432 7,183 8,187 7,161 6,698 n/a
New Zealand n/a n/a n/a 9,708 8,026 6,719 6,734 7,530 6,055 5,770 5,364
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,154
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,751 2,534 3,071 2,641 2,093 1,760
Other n/a n/a n/a 59,653 51,031 34,937 33,506 39,341 34,226 30,465 26,391
Females
Australia n/a n/a n/a 115,971 114,516 113,720 99,926 114,160 97,483 91,563 57,609
UK/Ireland n/a n/a n/a 6,113 5,844 5,358 4,752 6,053 5,082 4,436 3,368
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos n/a n/a n/a 3,571 3,401 3,611 3,622 3,744 3,405 3,398 n/a
New Zealand n/a n/a n/a 3,921 3,631 3,498 3,203 4,261 3,115 3,078 2,472
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,111
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 846 860 879 718 611 396
Other n/a n/a n/a 18,169 18,595 13,712 13,211 17,563 15,375 14,140 11,510
Persons
Australia n/a n/a n/a 383,252 348,420 333,486 302,980 349,607 295,946 269,505 182,377
UK/Ireland n/a n/a n/a 29,968 25,560 22,129 19,998 22,843 19,119 16,019 12,731
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos n/a n/a n/a 12,486 10,955 11,043 10,805 11,931 10,566 10,096 n/a
New Zealand n/a n/a n/a 13,629 11,657 10,217 9,937 11,791 9,170 8,848 7,836
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6,265
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,597 3,394 3,950 3,359 2,704 2,156
Other n/a n/a n/a 77,822 69,626 48,649 46,717 56,904 49,601 44,605 37,901

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2.9.3 Characteristics of Youth Training Allowees, 1995 to 199835

 
  1995 1996 1997 1998
  1. Youth Training Allowance commenced payment on 1 January 1995 and ceased on 30 June 1998, when most recipients transferred to Youth Allowance (other).
Males 11,246 18,108 16,813 15,852
Females 9,916 16,307 15,151 14,641
Persons 21,162 34,415 31,964 30,493
By age groups
Males
15 236 456 479 341
16 4933 7,242 6,311 5,592
17 6077 10,410 10,023 9,919
Females
15 351 624 612 479
16 4211 6,365 5,766 5,091
17 5354 9,318 8,773 9,071
Persons
15 587 1,080 1,091 820
16 9144 13,607 12,077 10,683
17 11431 19,728 18,796 18,990
Rates paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 11,116 17,759 16,386 15,435
Without children 11,115 17,755 16,376 n/a
With children 1 4 10 n/a
Females 9,374 15,062 13,814 13,234
Without children 9,354 15,053 13,777 n/a
With children 20 9 37 n/a
Persons 20,490 32,821 30,200 28,669
Without children 20,469 32,808 30,153 n/a
With children 21 13 47 n/a
Married rate (couple)
Males 130 349 427 417
Females 542 1,245 1,337 1,407
Persons 672 1,594 1,764 1,824
Duration of Allowance
Males
Up to 7 weeks 4,246 5,173 2,797 2,254
Over 7 weeks to 3 months 3,015 3,095 1,684 2,416
Over 3 months to 6 months 3,982 5,843 4,459 4,040
Over 6 months to 1 year   3,077 4,049 3,333
Over 1 year to 2 years 3 920 3,440 3,359
Over 2 years to 3 years     371 437
Over 3 years     13 13
Females
Up to 7 weeks 3,635 4,003 2,330 1,860
Over 7 weeks to 3 months 2,574 2,582 1,513 2,046
Over 3 months to 6 months 3,702 5,308 3,838 3,807
Over 6 months to 1 year 5 3,200 3,863 3,306
Over 1 year to 2 years   1,214 3,235 3,174
Over 2 years to 3 years     366 444
Over 3 years     6 4
Persons
Up to 7 weeks 7,881 9,176 5,127 4,114
Over 7 weeks to 3 months 5,589 5,677 3,197 4,462
Over 3 months to 6 months 7,684 11,151 8,297 7,847
Over 6 months to 1 year 5 6,277 7,912 6,639
Over 1 year to 2 years 3 2,134 6,675 6,533
Over 2 years to 3 years     737 881
Over 3 years     19 17
Paid under income as test
Males
Nil 10,250 16,207 15,065 14,862
Up to the free area 320 856 1,033 252
Over free area 676 1,045 715 738
Females
Nil 8,335 13,799 12,865 12,983
Up to the free area 395 790 1,054 339
Over free area 1,186 1,718 1,232 1,319
Persons Nil 18,585 30,006 27,930 27,845
Up to the free area 715 1,646 2,087 591
Over free area 1,862 2,763 1,947 2,057
Activity Type
Males
Job Search 10,967 16,486 15,486 14,936
Incapacitated 85 359 405 230
Training 1,079 1,224 771 502
Other n/a 39 151 184
Females
Job Search 9,621 14,660 13,733 13,643
Incapacitated 115 533 720 455
Training 759 1,073 566 323
Other n/a 41 132 220
Persons
Job Search 20,588 31,146 29,219 28,579
Incapacitated 200 892 1,125 685
Training 1,838 2,297 1,337 825
Other n/a 80 283 404
Country of birth (selected countries)
Males
Australia 10,405 16,899 15,712 14,773
New Zealand 251 322 310 313
UK/Ireland 153 230 171 104
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 112 n/a 182 n/a
Vietnam n/a 131 n/a 138
Lebanon 18 25 43 52
Other 307 450 446 472
Females
Australia 9,274 15,354 14,243 13,804
New Zealand 196 303 272 275
UK/Ireland 119 194 163 111
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 71 n/a 99 n/a
Vietnam n/a 72 n/a 61
Lebanon 8 24 31 26
Other 248 333 370 364
Persons
Australia 19,679 32,253 29,955 28,577
New Zealand 447 625 582 588
UK/Ireland 272 424 334 215
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 183 n/a 281 n/a
Vietnam n/a 203 n/a 199
Lebanon 26 49 74 78
Other 555 783 816 836

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2.9.4 Characteristics of Youth Allowees (Other), 199936

 
  1998
  1. Youth Allowance became payable from 1 july 1998. Youth Allowance (Student) replaced AUSTUDY for full time students under 25 years of age (errumerated in tables 2.10.1 and 2.10.2). Youth Allowance (other) replaced Youth Training Allowance (table 2.9.3) and Newstart Allowance (tables 2.9.1 and 2.9.2) for unemployed people under 21 years of age.
Males 45,702
Females 38,508
Persons 84,210
By age
Males
15 248
16 3,297
17 6,464
18 12,938
19 11,802
20 10,705
21 and over 248
Females
15 298
16 2,913
17 5,845
18 11,635
19 9,644
20 8,003
21 and over 170
Persons
15 546
16 6,210
17 12,309
18 24,573
19 21,446
20 18,708
21 and over 418
Rates paid
Males
At home 28,675
Away from home or couple 15,984
Single with dependents 16
Couple with dependents 1,027
Independent 25,348
Dependent 20,354
Females
At home 23,102
Away from home or couple 15,027
Single with dependents 162
Couple with dependents 217
Independent 22,104
Dependent 16,404
Persons
At home 51,777
Away from home or couple 31,011
Single with dependents 178
Couple with dependents 1,244
Independent 47,452
Dependent 36,758
Duration of Allowance
Males
Under 3 months 8,600
Between 3 and 6 months 7,086
Between 6 and 9 months 4,234
Between 9 and 1year 10,586
Between1 year and 2 years 11,653
2 years and over 3,543
Females
Under 3 months 6,123
Between 3 and 6 months 5,587
Between 6 and 9 months 3,244
Between 9 and 1year 11,019
Between1 year and 2 years 9,951
2 years and over 2,584
Persons
Under 3 months 14,723
Between 3 and 6 months 12,673
Between 6 and 9 months 7,478
Between 9 and 1year 21,605
Between1 year and 2 years 21,604
2 years and over 6,127
Paid under income as test
Males
Nil 41,422
Up to the free area 787
Over free area 3,493
Females
Nil 32,020
Up to the free area 992
Over free area 5,496
Persons
Nil 73,442
Up to the free area 1,779
Over free area 8,989
Activity Type
Males
Job Search 41,139
Incapacitated 1,691
Training 1,093
Other 1,779
Females
Job Search 33,109
Incapacitated 2,238
Training 868
Other 2,293
Persons
Job Search 33,109
Incapacitated 2,238
Training 868
Other 2,293

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2.10 Student assistance

2.10.1 Characteristics of Youth Allowees (full-time students), 199937

 
  1999
  1. Youth Allowance became payable from 1 july 1998. Youth Allowance (Student) replaced AUSTUDY for full time students under 25 years of age (see table 2.10.2). Youth Allowance (other) replaced Youth Training Allowance (table 2.9.3) and Newstart Allowance (tables 2.9.1 and 2.9.2) for unemployed people under 21 years of age.
  2. These denote the levels of study which qualify claimants for assistance under Youth Allowance and Austudy Payment. Tertiary Group A (TGA) includes studies for postgraduate bachelor degrees. Tertiary Group B (TGB) includes studies for undergraduate degrees. Tertiary Group C (TGC) includes studies for associate diplomas. Tertiary Group D (TGD) includes TAFE courses.
Males 139,488
Females 164,204
Persons 303,692
By age
Males
15 342
16 34,336
17 29,574
18 18,563
19 14,495
20 12,928
21 10,016
22 7,051
23 5,400
24 4,489
25 and over 2,294
Females
15 620
16 36,779
17 33,809
18 23,994
19 19,701
20 17,390
21 12,530
22 7,777
23 5,401
24 4,240
25 and over 1,963
Persons
15 962
16 71,115
17 63,383
18 42,557
19 34,196
20 30,318
21 22546
22 14,828
23 10,801
24 8,729
25 and over 4,257
Rates paid
Males
At home 115,633
Away from home or couple 23,270
Single with dependents 30
Couple with dependents 555
Independents 30,968
Dependent 108,520
Females
At home 128,149
Away from home or couple 35,720
Single with dependents 81
Couple with dependents 254
Independent 40,244
Dependent 123,960
Persons
At home 243,782
Away from home or couple 58,990
Single with dependents 111
Couple with dependents 809
Independent 71,212
Dependent 232,480
Duration of Allowance
Males
Under 3 months 17,169
Between 3 and 6 months 21,470
Between 6 and 9 months 11,534
Between 9 and 1year 83,543
Between1 year and 2 years 4,034
2 years and over 1,738
Females
Under 3 months 19,276
Between 3 and 6 months 24,757
Between 6 and 9 months 13,119
Between 9 and 1year 100,083
Between1 year and 2 years 5,122
2 years and over 1,847
Persons
Under 3 months 36,445
Between 3 and 6 months 46,227
Between 6 and 9 months 24,653
Between 9 and 1year 183,626
Between1 year and 2 years 9,156
2 years and over 3,585
Paid under income as test
Males
Nil 133,242
Up to the free area 2,851
Over free area 3,395
Females
Nil 152,325
Up to the free area 5,640
Over free area 6,239
Persons
Nil 285,567
Up to the free area 8,491
Over free area 9,634
Study Level38
Males
Secondary 66,105
TGA 3,637
TGB 45,447
TGC 12,231
TGD 12,068
Females
Secondary 71,544
TGA 5,097
TGB 59,371
TGC 14,361
TGD 13,831
Persons
Secondary 137,649
TGA 8,734
TGB 104,818
TGC 26,592
TGD 25,899
Institution of study
Males
Primary 1,436
Secondary 61,681
Private 2,355
TEAF 24,117
University/Higher Education 49,899
Females
Primary 1,829
Secondary 66,604
Private 4,403
TEAF 25,931
University/Higher Education 65,437
Persons
Primary 3,265
Secondary 128,285
Private 6,758
TEAF 50,048
University/Higher Education 115,336

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2.10.2 Characteristics of AUSTUDY recipients, 1989 to 199839

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
  1. From 1 July 1998, AUSTUDY was subsumed by Youth Allowance (Student) for full time students under 25 years of age (see table 2.10.1) and by Austudy Payment for older students (see table 2.10.3).
Males 114,126 114,873 152,561 184,207 186,325 188,593 187,245 187,323 174,120 169,349
Females 131,874 154,602 175,091 197,542 154,804 205,469 207,014 223,485 187,377 182,799
Persons 246,000 269,475 327,652 381,749 341,129 394,062 394,259 410,808 361,497 352,148
By age groups
Males
15 and younger n/a n/a n/a 880 694 683 636 77 72 76
16 - 19 80,416 80,519 107,401 119,783 117,392 113,318 105,499 96,206 90,261 91,207
20 - 29 28,371 28,158 37,076 51,483 54,560 58,993 64,148 71,140 64,329 57,978
30 - 39 4,416 4,877 6,300 8,629 9,577 10,574 11,150 12,992 12,857 11,410
40 - 49 793 988 1,498 2,258 2,676 3,271 3,760 5,459 4,937 4,424
50 - 59 130 331 286 347 429 537 697 1,288 1,157 1,121
60 - 64 n/a n/a n/a 50 42 34 55 125 94 98
65 and over n/a n/a n/a 7 8 10 7 36 50 40
Females
15 and younger n/a n/a n/a 1,070 856 821 811 127 128 124
16 - 19 94,147 111,007 124,398 130,690 108,417 126,489 120,951 109,520 101,697 102,973
20 - 29 29,536 34,180 39,312 52,280 35,164 60,639 66,394 83,314 69,894 64,925
30 - 39 6,045 6,912 8,118 6,255 4,641 7,753 8,157 18,977 8,768 8,482
40 - 49 1,932 2,337 2,870 2,445 1,193 3,201 3,537 9,644 4,291 4,322
50 - 59 214 166 393 385 32 567 633 1,799 1,163 1,218
60 - 64 n/a n/a n/a 7 0 5 8 89 57 58
65+ n/a n/a n/a 3 0 1 0 15 38 27
Persons
15 and younger n/a n/a n/a 1,950 1,550 1,504 1,447 204 200 200
16 - 19 174,563 191,526 231,799 250,473 225,809 239,807 226,450 205,726 191,958 194,180
20 - 29 57,907 62,338 76,388 103,763 89,724 119,632 130,542 154,454 134,223 122,903
30 - 39 10,461 11,789 14,418 14,884 14,218 18,327 19,307 31,969 21,625 19,892
40 - 49 2,725 3,325 4,368 4,703 3,869 6,472 7,297 15,103 9,228 8,746
50 - 59 344 497 679 732 461 1,104 1,330 3,087 2,320 2,339
60 - 64 n/a n/a n/a 57 42 39 63 214 151 156
65+ n/a n/a n/a 10 8 11 7 51 88 67

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2.10.3 Characteristics of ABSTUDY recipients, 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Males 7,602 6,996 7,245 11,212 17,554 11,583 11,622 16,282 20,713 19,572 20,363
Females 11,761 10,275 10,617 12,054 16,303 12,842 20,515 19,872 21,742 24,250 25,165
Persons 19,363 17,271 17,862 23,266 33,857 24,425 32,137 36,154 42,455 43,822 45,528
By age groups
Males
15 and younger n/a n/a n/a 2,262 8,695 2,348 2,312 9,379 9,932 10,197 n/a
16 - 19 3,697 3,705 3,703 4,353 3,958 3,986 3,849 2,738 3,977 3,222 n/a
20 - 29 1,968 1,867 1,996 2,565 2,568 2,667 2,573 2,010 3,069 2,753 n/a
30 - 39 1,140 944 1,048 1,482 1,610 1,729 1,878 1,291 2,163 1,999 n/a
40 - 49 503 347 385 440 579 681 796 601 1,049 1,005 n/a
50 - 59 294 133 113 99 132 150 175 207 241 310 n/a
60 - 64 n/a n/a n/a 9 9 17 15 39 23 56 n/a
65 and over n/a n/a n/a 2 3 5 24 17 259 30 n/a
Females
15 and younger n/a n/a n/a 2,219 11,282 2,387 9,704 9,579 10,122 10,612 n/a
16 - 19 4,497 4,275 4,244 4,588 1,452 4,325 4,424 3,263 4,581 3,968 n/a
20 - 29 3,165 2,844 3,042 2,625 1,988 2,823 2,900 2,958 3,034 3,854 n/a
30 - 39 2,348 1,920 2,014 1,649 1,207 1,926 2,015 2,284 2,187 3,023 n/a
40 - 49 1,066 834 867 713 301 987 1,081 1,188 1,316 1,821 n/a
50 - 59 685 402 450 203 61 289 308 448 439 745 n/a
60 - 64 n/a n/a n/a 24 6 80 36 96 36 145 n/a
65+ n/a n/a n/a 33 6 25 47 56 27 82 n/a
Persons
15 and younger n/a n/a n/a 4,481 19,977 4,735 12,016 18,958 20,054 20,809 n/a
16 - 19 8,194 7,980 7,947 8,941 5,410 8,311 8,273 6,001 8,558 7,190 n/a
20 - 29 5,133 4,711 5,038 5,190 4,556 5,490 5,473 4,968 6,103 6,607 n/a
30 - 39 3,488 2,864 3,062 3,131 2,817 3,655 3,893 3,575 4,350 5,022 n/a
40 - 49 1,569 1,181 1,252 1,153 880 1,668 1,877 1,789 2,365 2,826 n/a
50 - 59 979 535 563 302 193 439 483 655 680 1,055 n/a
60 - 64 n/a n/a n/a 33 15 97 51 135 59 201 n/a
65+ n/a n/a n/a 35 9 30 71 73 286 112 n/a

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2.10.4 Characteristics of recipients of Austudy Payment, 199940

 
  1999
  1. These denote the levels of study which qualify claimants for assistance under Youth Allowance and Austudy Payment. Tertiary Group A (TGA) includes studies for postgraduate bachelor degrees. Tertiary Group B (TGB) includes studies for undergraduate degrees. Tertiary Group C (TGC) includes studies for associate diplomas. Tertiary Group D (TGD) includes TAFE courses.
Males 27,373
Females 19,797
Persons 47,170
By age groups
Males
25-29 11,861
30-34 6,048
35-39 4,262
40-44 2,687
45-49 1,4 75
50-54 725
55-59 267
60-64 42
65 and over 6
Females
25-29 9,054
30-34 3,990
35-39 2,491
40-44 1,949
45-49 1,426
50-54 659
55-59 205
60-64 19
65 and over 4
Persons
25-29 20,915
30-34 10,038
35-39 6,753
40-44 4,636
45-49 2,901
50-54 1,384
55-59 472
60-64 61
65 and over 10
Rates paid
Males
Single or Couple 27,373
Single with dependents 106
Couple with dependents 4,839
Females  
Single or Couple 19,797
Single with dependents 509
Couple with dependents 1,650
Persons
Single or Couple 47,170
Single with dependents 615
Couple with dependents 6,489
Duration of allowance
Males
Under 3 months 2,764
Between 3 months and 6 months 3,401
Between 6 months and 9 months 1,043
Between 9 months and 1 year 16,005
Between 1 year and 2 years 2,020
2 years and over 2,140
Females
Under 3 months 2,736
Between 3 months and 6 months 2,937
Between 6 months and 9 months 803
Between 9 months and 1 year 10,981
Between 1 year and 2 years 1,182
2 years and over 1,158
Persons
Under 3 months 5,500
Between 3 months and 6 months 6,338
Between 6 months and 9 months 1,846
Between 9 months and 1 year 26,986
Between 1 year and 2 years 3,202
2 years and over 3,298
Mean duration (weeks)
Males 55
Females 50
Persons 53
Median duration (weeks)
Males 50
Females 50
Persons 50
Paid under income test
Males
Nil 25,705
Up to the free area 620
Over free area 1,048
Females
Nil 17,902
Up to the free area 727
Over free area 1,168
Persons
Nil 43,607
Up to the free area 1,347
Over free area 2,216
Study Level41
Males
Secondary 583
TGA 1,774
TGB 15,095
TGC 5,752
TGD 4,169
Females
Secondary 329
TGA 1,446
TGB 10,822
TGC 4,091
TGD 3,109
Persons
Secondary 912
TGA 3,220
TGB 25,917
TGC 9,843
TGD 7,278
Institution of study
Males
Secondary 128
Private Secondary 388
TAFE 2,337
Private Tertiary 8,289
University/Higher Education 16,231
Secondary 170
Private Secondary 289
TAFE 1,898
Private Tertiary 5,555
University/Higher Education 11,885
Persons
Secondary 298
Private Secondary 677
TAFE 4,235
Private Tertiary 13,844
University/Higher Education 28,116

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2.11 Payments to veterans

2.11.1 Characteristics of Service Pensioners, 1989 to 199942

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Estimates courtesy of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs.
By age groups
Male Veterans (include a small number of male partners of female veterans)
20 - 291 2 3 7 7 9            
30 - 39 99 60 15 11 6 5 5 8 9 9 15
40 - 49 825 1,058 1,284 1,682 2,009 2,515 2,657 2,799 2,443 2,283 1,523
50 - 59 1,467 1,408 1,097 1,295 1,275 1,476 2,288 3,615 6,656 7,173 9,212
60 - 64 29,721 15,951 5,966 6,321 6,111 5,963 5,258 4,575 3,993 3,863 3,685
65+ 197,251 204,687 210,036 205,694 200,777 194,834 187,953 179,279 168,382 166,444 157,011
Total 229,363 223,164 218,398 215,003 210,178 204,794 198,163 190,279 181,490 179,779 171,455
Female  partners  and widows of veterans (includes a small  number of women veterans)
16 - 19 3 1                  
20 - 29 103 106 81 80 1,446 69 61 69 58 56 51
30 - 39 702 681 584 574 3,414 604 492 575 547 537 501
40 - 49 2,459 2,472 2,125 2,186 5,047 2,748 2,767 3,346 3,667 3,660 3,595
50 - 59 15,490 15,686 11,154 10,949 10,979 8,451 6,748 7,442 7,868 7,945 8,475
60 - 64 49,578 43,623 32,469 31,877 22,811 17,186 10,700 10,570 8,443 8,141 7,372
65+ 95,043 100,615 113,098 110,937 117,663 119,031 127,907 122,708 119,384 118,633 117,299
Total 163,378 163,184 159,511 156,603 161,373 148,089 148,675 144,710 139,967 138,972 137,293
Persons
16 - 19 3 1                  
20 - 29 103 106 81 80 1,446 70 63 72 65 63 60
30 - 39 801 741 599 585 3,420 609 497 583 556 546 516
40 - 49 3,284 3,530 3,409 3,868 7,056 5,263 5,424 6,145 6,110 5,943 5,118
50 - 59 16,957 17,094 12,251 12,244 12,254 9,927 9,036 11,057 14,524 15,118 17,687
60 - 64 79,299 59,574 38,435 38,198 28,922 23,149 15,958 15,145 12,436 12,004 11,057
65+ 292,294 305,302 323,134 316,631 318,440 313,865 315,860 301,987 287,766 285,077 274,310
Total 392,741 386,348 377,909 371,606 371,551 352,883 346,838 334,989 321,457 318,751 308,748

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2.11.2 Characteristics of recipients of DVA Income Support Supplement, 1995 to 199943

 
  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. From January 1995, approximately 65 000 female Age Pensioners who were also receiving a War Widow’s Pension from the Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) were transferred to DVA and paid Income Support Supplement rather than the Age Pension. Some male partners of are also eligible. Estimates courtesy of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs.
By age groups
Males
Under 55          
55 - 59          
60 - 64          
65 - 69     6 5 3
70 - 74 n/a   6 6 15
75 - 79     4 5 15
80 - 84     5 6 8
85 - 89     1 1 1
90 or over     1 1 1
Total     23 24 43
Females
Under 55     1,055 248 273
55 - 59     836 538 511
60 - 64     1,972 1,503 1,454
65 - 69     7,997 6,662 5,510
70 - 74     18,202 18,430 18,138
75 - 79 n/a   17,693 20,766 23,521
80 - 84     10,819 12,649 14,661
85 - 89     4,679 5,653 6,698
90 or over     2,321 2,372 2,730
Total 65,000 65,000 65,574 68,821 73,496
Persons
Under 55     1,055 248 273
55 - 59     836 538 511
60 - 64     1,978 1,508 1,457
65 - 69     8,003 6,668 5,525
70 - 74     18,206 18,435 18,153
75 - 79 n/a   17,698 20,772 23,529
80 - 84     10,820 12,650 14,662
85 - 89     4,680 5,654 6,699
90 or over     2,344 2,396 2,773
Total 65,000 65,000 65,574 68,821 73,496

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2.12 Other income support payments

2.12.1 Characteristics of Special Beneficiaries, 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Males 11,611 13,430 13,961 16,285 12,831 11,770 10,224 9,202 6,869 4,733 5,232
Females 12,680 14,151 16,141 18,757 15,672 13,772 10,216 9,683 7,831 5,503 6,576
Persons 24,291 27,581 30,102 35,042 28,503 25,542 20,440 18,885 14,700 10,236 11,808
By age groups
Males
Under18 435 652 1,024 2,216 698 713 411 208 145 129 90
18–20 470 697 800 1,377 173 140 128 132 74 43 34
21–24 448 711 487 580 479 377 278 265 140 108 126
25–34 1,144 1,517 1,320 1,495 1,619 1,608 1,258 879 558 435 535
35–44 925 1,156 1,234 1,433 1,328 1,143 1,028 781 410 245 243
45–54 1,021 1,188 1,282 1,254 845 571 469 383 219 138 133
55–59 966 961 930 796 462 270 225 150 95 71 51
60–64 2,128 1,996 1,880 1,512 907 444 292 237 159 104 114
65+ 4,074 4,552 5,003 5,621 6,320 6,504 6,135 6,167 5,069 3,460 3,906
Females
Under18 1,343 1,383 2,056 3,218 1,606 1,478 1,017 691 441 221 130
18–20 1,820 2,093 2,646 3,162 1,785 1,397 1,105 808 610 165 206
21–24 1,417 1,500 1,486 1,552 1,494 1,138 998 978 736 272 429
25–34 1,545 1,742 1,693 1,900 1,883 1,626 1,328 1,469 983 477 736
35–44 909 957 970 1,024 929 737 596 611 409 258 366
45–54 994 1,147 1,215 1,216 823 541 420 392 266 203 253
55–59 486 494 484 475 405 273 209 205 126 84 102
60–64 1,230 1,407 1,580 1,728 1,819 1,720 1,209 1,165 998 822 901
65+ 2,936 3,428 4,012 4,483 4,928 4,862 3,334 3,364 3,262 3,001 3,453
Persons
Under18 1,778 2,035 3,080 5,434 2,304 2,191 1,428 899 586 350 220
18–20 2,290 2,790 3,446 4,539 1,958 1,537 1,233 940 684 208 240
21–24 1,865 2,211 1,973 2,132 1,973 1,515 1,276 1,243 876 380 555
25–34 2,689 3,259 3,013 3,395 3,502 3,234 2,586 2,348 1,541 912 1,271
35–44 1,834 2,113 2,204 2,457 2,257 1,880 1,624 1,392 819 503 609
45–54 2,015 2,335 2,497 2,470 1,668 1,112 889 775 485 341 386
55–59 1,452 1,455 1,414 1,271 867 543 434 355 221 155 153
60–64 3,358 3,403 3,460 3,240 2,726 2,164 1,501 1,402 1,157 926 1,015
65+ 7,010 7,980 9,015 10,104 11,248 11,366 9,469 9,531 8,331 6,461 7,359
Rates paid
Standard rate (single)
Males 4,981 6,123 6,583 8,336 4,789 4,183 3,255 2,742 2,147 1,622 1,553
Without  children 4,881 6,026 6,495 8,256 4,746 4,113 3,207 2,714 2,121 1,612 1,536
With children 100 97 88 81 43 70 48 28 26 10 17
Females 11,959 13,241 14,621 16,577 11,700 11,231 7,943 6,646 5,568 3,699 3,932
Without  children 9,406 10,864 12,368 14,683 10,231 9,609 6,588 6,365 5,109 3,516 3,773
With children 2,553 2,377 2,253 1,895 1,469 1,622 1,355 281 459 183 159
Persons 16,940 19,364 21,204 24,914 16,488 15,414 11,198 9,388 7,715 5,321 5,485
Without  children 14,287 16,890 18,863 22,938 14,977 13,722 9,795 9,079 7,230 5,128 5,309
With children 2,653 2,474 2,341 1,975 1,512 1,692 1,403 309 485 193 176
Married  rate (couple)
Males 6,630 7,307 7,378 7,949 8,042 7,587 6,969 6,460 4,722 3,111 3,679
Without  children 4,871 5,376 5,690 6,084 7,968 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 1,700 1,873 1,678 1,800 61 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Not coded 59 58 11 65 14 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Females 721 910 1,520 2,180 3,972 2,541 2,273 3,035 2,263 1,804 2,644
Without  children 442 574 1,157 1,546 1,583 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 255 312 356 495 2,367 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Not coded 24 24 7 138 22 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Persons 7,351 8,217 8,898 10,128 12,015 10,128 9,242 9,495 6,985 4,915 6,323
Without  children 5,313 5,950 6,846 7,630 9,551 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
With children 1,955 2,185 2,034 2,295 2,428 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Not coded 83 82 18 203 36 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Duration of Allowance
Males
Up to 7 weeks 2,539 3,596 2,900 4,257 2,248 2,079 1,742 1,200 522 431 292
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 747 957 1,335 2,067 1,112 1,046 953 780 238 287 231
Over 3 months,  up to 6 months 1,004 1,075 1,248 1,368 1,508 1,455 1,285 1,215 470 525 525
Over 6 months,  up to 1 year 1,529 1,702 1,723 1,905 1,758 1,596 1,307 1,198 477 629 1,182
Over 1 year,  up to 2 years 2,380 2,128 2,514 2,142 2,117 2,006 1,678 1,580 1,601 558 997
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 1,410 1,622 1,500 1,480 1,261 1,234 1,089 1,015 1,358 405 395
Over 3 years 2,002 2,350 2,742 3,067 2,827 2,354 2,170 2,214 2,203 1,898 1,610
Females
Up to 7 weeks
3,673 4,101 4,688 6,164 4,068 3,589 2,819 2,482 741 550 440
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 2,179 2,265 2,666 3,516 2,505 1,989 1,665 1,407 492 428 347
Over 3 months,  up to 6 months 1,529 1,762 1,769 1,811 1,856 1,667 1,368 1,457 891 704 797
Over 6 months,  up to 1 year 1,347 1,649 1,683 1,814 1,892 1,742 1,223 1,302 1,005 848 1,633
Over 1 year,  up to 2 years 1,763 1,894 2,354 1,991 2,147 2,020 1,311 1,332 2,211 807 1,280
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 1,006 1,088 1,313 1,351 1,165 1,139 720 653 1,362 580 528
Over 3 years 1,183 1,392 1,667 2,110 2,038 1,626 1,110 1,050 1,129 1,586 1,551
Persons
Up to 7 weeks 6,212 7,697 7,587 10,422 6,316 5,668 4,561 3,682 1,263 981 732
Over 7 weeks, up to 3 months 2,926 3,222 4,001 5,583 3,617 3,035 2,618 2,187 730 715 578
Over 3 months, up to 6 months 2,533 2,837 3,017 3,178 3,364 3,122 2,653 2,672 1,361 1,229 1,322
Over 6 months, up to 1 year 2,876 3,351 3,406 3,718 3,650 3,338 2,530 2,500 1,482 1,477 2,815
Over 1 year, up to 2 years 4,143 4,022 4,868 4,133 4,264 4,026 2,989 2,912 3,812 1,365 2,277
Over 2 years, up to 3 years 2,416 2,710 2,812 2,830 2,426 2,373 1,809 1,668 2,720 985 923
Over 3 years 3,185 3,742 4,409 5,177 4,865 3,980 3,280 3,264 3,332 3,484 3,161
Mean duration (weeks)
Males 67.1 73.7 80.8 84.5 76.7 88.1 89.9 98.3 136.6 155.1 138.0
Females 45.5 51.3 63.5 65.9 62.7 60.5 55.2 56.4 87.2 114.4 107.0
Persons 69.4 66.6 69.3 66.0 76.0 73.2 72.5 76.8 110.3 155.1 120.0
Median duration (weeks)
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 46.6 48.0 57.7 106.0 97.1 71.0
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 21.9 17.0 19.6 73.0 64.3 58.0
Persons 29.4 26.3 29.1 17.0 31.0 32.3 29.3 34.0 86.0 97.1 63.0
Paid under income test
Males
Nil 9,234 11,047 11,659 13,854 10,872 10,242 9,363 7,379 4,410 2,759 5,162
Up to $30 pw 1,625 1,660 1,963 1,895 1,548 1,176 526 1,597 2,308 1,164 10
Over $30 pw 752 723 339 536 411 352 335 226 151 810 60
Females
Nil 11,356 12,661 14,580 16,889 14,275 12,701 9,693 8,241 5,575 3,552 6,524
Up to $30 pw 965 1,035 1,319 1,435 1,083 800 294 1,311 2,128 1,111 8
Over $30 pw 359 455 242 433 314 271 229 131 128 840 44
Persons
Nil 20,590 23,708 26,239 30,744 25,147 22,943 19,056 15,620 9,985 6,311 11,686
Up to $30 pw 2,590 2,695 3,282 3,329 2,631 1,976 820 2,908 4,436 2,275 18
Over $30 pw 1,111 1,178 581 969 725 623 564 357 279 1,650 104
Country of birth (selected counrties)
Males
Australia 4,588 5,866 5,513 6,946 4,369 2,372 1,763 1,343 779 412 n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 1,684 1,653 1,778 2,004 1,762 2,049 1,900 1,898 n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,385 719 723
China n/a 105 718 1,176 1,031 1,440 1,084 1,018 891 921 1,271
Philippines 322 423 515 580 600 646 634 585 403 221 204
Lebanon 411 n/a n/a n/a n/a 447 421 n/a n/a 261 282
India 155 185 222 248 257 n/a n/a 451 343 n/a 260
Other Asia 1,620 1,508 1,368 1,259 1,042 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Europe 1,832 1,597 1,914 1,911 1,646 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Americas 285 308 347 353 426 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 241 244 332 390 407 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle East   702 768 791 737 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Oceania (other than Australia) 314 427 408 504 519 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 159 412 78 123 34 4,816 4,422 3,907 3,068 2,199 2,492
Females
Australia 6,107 7,008 7,832 9,586 5,336 4,841 3,706 2,960 2,101 502 n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 975 1,469 1,523 1,705 2,153 1,908 1,364 1,315 n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 938 647 775
China n/a 101 456 751 1,260 947 661 706 695 840 1,205
Philippines 385 514 644 716 733 620 461 495 419 370 454
Lebanon 455 n/a n/a n/a n/a 444 338 n/a n/a 220 283
India 130 152 188 218 313 n/a n/a 342 270 n/a 249
Other Asia 1,864 1,409 1,245 1,185 1,272 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Europe 1,422 922 1,739 1,818 2,011 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Americas 486 566 638 684 521 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 246 230 395 449 497 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle East n/a 789 755 776 900 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Oceania (other than Australia) 535 566 640 746 635 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 75 425 87 124 42 5,012 3,686 3,865 3,408 2,924 3,610
Persons
Australia 10,695 12,874 13,344 16,533 9,705 7,213 5,469 4,303 2,880 914 n/a
Vietnam/Cambodia/Laos 2,659 3,122 3,301 3,709 3,915 3,957 3,264 3,213 n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,323 1,366 1,498
China n/a 206 1,174 1,927 2,291 2,387 1,745 1,724 1,586 1,761 2,476
Philippines 707 937 1,159 1,296 1,333 1,266 1,095 1,080 822 591 658
Lebanon 866 n/a n/a n/a n/a 891 759 n/a n/a 481 565
India 285 337 410 466 570 n/a n/a 793 613 n/a 509
Other Asia 3,484 2,917 2,613 2,444 2,314 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Europe 3,254 2,519 3,654 3,728 3,657 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Americas 771 874 985 1,037 947 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Africa 487 475 727 839 904 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Middle East n/a 1,491 1,523 1,567 1,637 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Oceania (other than Australia) 849 993 1,047 1,250 1,154 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other 234 837 165 247 76 9,828 8,108 7,772 6,476 5,123 6,102
Special Benefit Category
Males
Annual leave deferment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 176 145 185 98 n/a n/a
Applicant for Disability Support Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 828 642 453 189 45  
Applicant for Sole Parent Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3 4 1 3 n/a n/a
Assurance of Support n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 96 44 50 65 57 49
Caring for a child n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 221 208 171 136 103 42
Children of illegal immigrants n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6 4 3 6    
Caring for an incapacitated person n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 305 267 246 141 58 42
Disaster victim n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 1 2 2 n/a n/a
Expectant mother n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Liquid assets deferment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3 0 0 n/a n/a n/a
Newly arrived migrants during waiting period n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 613 871 558 192 9 24
Not residentially qualified for Age Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6,324 6,020 6,025 4,940 3,177 3,159
Not residentially qualified for another payment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 807 647 682 537 474 441
Partner of person on strike n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 0 0 0 n/a n/a
People’s Republic of China Nationals–4 year temporary entry permit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 542 153 43 14    
Released prisoner n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 177 177 157 134 73 3
Refugees n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 291 128 57 29    
Spouse - extended eligibility temporary entry permit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 144 136 123 112 96 195
Socially marginalised n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 269 142 101 69 46 38
Serving waiting period for Sickness Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 61 57 5 n/a n/a n/a
Under 16 years of age n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 602 337 164 123 107 48
Other cases - long term n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 148 117 82 49 263 650
Other cases - short term n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 113 95 75 27 51 159
Other(b) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 40 29 19 3 39 60
Newly arrived migrants during waiting period-                      
for NSA/YTA/SA (104weeks)                   131 321
for PTR/WDA/PPP (104weeks)                   4 1
Females
Annual leave deferment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 45 60 62 28 n/a n/a
Applicant for Disability Support Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 411 321 290 149 20  
Applicant for Sole Parent Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 35 33 27 13 9 1
Assurance of Support n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 124 46 48 68 80 80
Caring for a child n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 385 361 254 174 72 67
Children of illegal immigrants n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6 11 6 7 n/a n/a
Caring for an incapacitated person n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 106 101 102 42 27 24
Disaster victim n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 1 2 0 n/a n/a
Expectant mother n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,364 2,729 2,534 2,010 210 52
Liquid assets deferment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 0 1 n/a n/a n/a
Newly arrived migrants during waiting period n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 197 258 374 184 15 45
Not residentially qualified for Age Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6,164 4,324 4,286 4,037 3,382 3,471
Not residentially qualified for another payment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 916 737 871 612 639 557
Partner of person on strike n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 6 1 1 n/a n/a
People’s Republic of China Nationals–4 year temporary entry permit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 276 82 27 6 n/a n/a
Released prisoner n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 10 8 13 9 4  
Refugees n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 127 54 36 13 n/a n/a
Spouse - extended eligibility temporary entry permit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 138 94 105 97 169 397
Socially marginalised n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 177 108 83 63 45 38
Serving waiting period for Sickness Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 30 26 4 n/a n/a n/a
Under 16 years of age n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 875 541 329 221 176 86
Other cases - long term n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 180 117 99 55 336 863
Other cases - short term n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 153 146 65 40 107 253
Other(b) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 52 52 64 2 30 73
Newly arrived migrants during waiting period
for NSA/YTA/SA (104weeks)                   114 412
for PTR/WDA/PPP (104weeks)                   68 157
Persons
Annual leave deferment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 221 205 247 126 n/a n/a
Applicant for Disability Support Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,239 963 743 338 65 0
Applicant for Sole Parent Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 38 37 28 16 9 1
Assurance of Support n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 220 90 98 133 137 129
Caring for a child n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 606 569 425 310 175 109
Children of illegal immigrants n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 12 15 9 13 n/a n/a
Caring for an incapacitated person n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 411 368 348 183 85 66
Disaster victim n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 2 4 2 n/a n/a
Expectant mother n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,364 2,729 2,534 2,010 210 52
Liquid assets deferment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3 0 1 n/a n/a n/a
Newly arrived migrants during waiting period n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 810 I129 932 376 24 69
Not residentially qualified for Age Pension n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 12,488 10,344 10,311 8,977 6,559 6,630
Not residentially qualified for another payment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,723 1,384 1,553 1,149 1,113 998
Partner of person on strike n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 6 1 0 n/a n/a
People’s Republic of China Nationals - 4 year temporary entry permit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 818 235 70 20 n/a n/a
Released prisoner n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 187 185 170 143 77 3
Refugees n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 418 182 93 42 n/a n/a
Spouse - extended eligibility temporary n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 282 230 228 209 265 592
entry permit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 282 230 228 209 265 592
Socially marginalised n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 446 250 184 132 91 76
Serving waiting period for Sickness Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 91 83 9 n/a n/a n/a
Under 16 years of age n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,477 878 493 344 283 134
Other cases - long term n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 328 234 181 104 599 1,513
Other cases - short term n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 266 241 140 67 158 412
Other(b) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 92 81 83 5 69 133
Newly arrived migrants during waiting period
for NSA/YTA/SA (104weeks)                   245 733
for PTR/WDA/PPP (104weeks)                   72 158

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2.12.2 Number of Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) program participants44

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Estimates courtesy of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission.
CDEP Participants 11,611 13,430 13,961 16,285 12,831 11,770 10,224 9,202 6,869 4,733 5,232

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2.13 Payments overseas or under Agreements

2.13.1 Numbers of recipients of FaCS payments made outside Australia by payment type, 1989 to 199045

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Recipients are already included in the tables for specific payment types. Estimates for 1989 to 1991 (in italics) are from a different source to the later figures. All estimates cited here include payments made under general portability rules and social security Agreements.
Payment Type
Age Pension 12,670 13,996 16,658 20,088 24,050 27,704 29,841 32,436 35,821 38,723 40,683
Disability Support Pension 7,105 7,504 7,814 8,188 8,477 8,584 8,796 9,103 9,098 9,114 8,828
Parenting Payment (Single) 956 199 167 158 155 136 123 110 87 77 53
Widow B pension 2,492 2,385 1,845 1,801 1,687 1,684 1,673 1,694 1,532 1,389 1,243
Wife Pension 3,883 4,385 4,755 4,743 3,491 3,659 3,816 4,041 3,871 3,557 3,124
Carer Payment 3 5 9 9 13 16 19        
Total 27,106 28,469 31,239 34,978 37,863 41,772 44,258 47,393 50,422 52,876 53,950

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2.13.2 Numbers of recipients of FaCS payments made under Agreements by payment type, 1994 to 199946

 
  1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Unless otherwise noted, tables citing payments made under Agreements include payments made inside and outside Australia.
Payment Type
Age Pension 11056 13200 15442 18012 20306 21908
Disability Support Pension 718 953 1189 1312 1537 1641
Parenting Payment (Single) 6 9 7 6 7 7
Widow B pension 289 350 416 401 392 373
Wife Pension 1320 1542 1726 1663 1515 1378
Carer Payment 5 7 7 12 12 16
Total 13394 16061 18787 21406 23769 25323

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2.13.3 Numbers of recipients of FaCS payments made under the Social Security Agreements by payment by country

 
  1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Payments are made in Australia only.
New Zealand, 1996 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension     6005 6337 6330 5963
Disability Support Pension     766 896 983 833
Parenting Payment (Single)     740 1062 1337 322
Widow B pension     101 106 88 34
Wife Pension     319 279 216 121
Carer Payment     33 60 60 42
Total     7964 8740 9014 7315
The United Kingdom, 1996 to 199947
Payment Type
Age Pension     6144 5361 3844 2429
Disability Support Pension     201 102 73 9
Parenting Payment (Single)     2 10 5 1
Widow B pension     72 117 66 32
Wife Pension     170 120 70 22
Carer Payment     5     2
Total     6594 5710 4058 2495
Austria, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 95 203 243 373 495 590
Disability Support Pension 24 80 111 149 169 154
Parenting Payment (Single)            
Widow B pension 3 3 3 3 3 3
Wife Pension 5 15 25 20 20 16
Carer Payment            
Total 127 301 382 545 687 763
Canada, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 342 415 457 599 698 744
Disability Support Pension 20 26 26 32 31 31
Parenting Payment (Single) 1 1       1
Widow B pension 6 6 7 6 4 4
Wife Pension 15 15 22 24 20 14
Carer Payment t0 0 0 1 2 2
Total 384 463 512 662 755 796
Cyprus, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 81 122 152 182 204 209
Disability Support Pension 3 4 8 8 10 12
Parenting Payment (Single)            
Widow B pension   1 2 2 2 1
Wife Pension 3 3 4 3 3 1
Carer Payment 2 4 5 5 4 10
Total 89 134 171 200 223 233
Ireland, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 52 69 81 113 123 128
Disability Support Pension 1 4 6 7 11 10
Parenting Payment (Single)   1 1 1 1 1
Widow B pension 2 3 3 2 1 1
Wife Pension 5 8 11 11 10 9
Carer Payment            
Total 60 85 102 134 146 149
Italy, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 7100 8111 9702 11149 12439 13262
Disability Support Pension 499 537 551 513 527 489
Parenting Payment (Single) 3 3 3 1 1  
Widow B pension 228 264 315 297 292 275
Wife Pension 942 1020 1078 1035 936 848
Carer Payment 2 3 2 2 2 2
Total 8774 9938 11651 12997 14197 14876
The Netherlands, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 2272 2716 2905 3326 3632 3840
Disability Support Pension            
Parenting Payment (Single)            
Widow B pension 1          
Wife Pension 28 39 46 45 40 31
Carer Payment            
Total 2301 2755 2951 3371 3672 3871
Portugal, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 72 107 121 152 187 227
Disability Support Pension 6 10 13 20 38 50
Parenting Payment (Single) 1          
Widow B pension 2 5 4 3 3 3
Wife Pension 16 17 22 26 27 29
Carer Payment 1     3 2 2
Total 97 139 160 204 257 312
Spain, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 447 675 828 1074 1361 1621
Disability Support Pension 44 79 122 134 164 192
Parenting Payment (Single) 2 2 2 1 2 1
Widow B pension 16 21 24 25 26 25
Wife Pension 104 154 160 149 140 130
Carer Payment       1 2 0
Total 613 931 1136 1384 1695 1969
Malta, 1994 to 1999
Payment Type
Age Pension 595 782 953 1044 1167 1287
Disability Support Pension 121 213 352 449 587 703
Parenting Payment (Single) 0 2 1 3 3 3
Widow B pension 31 47 58 63 61 61
Wife Pension 202 271 358 350 319 300
Carer Payment            
Total 949 1315 1722 1909 2137 2354

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3 Supplementary payments and other services

3.1 Characteristics of recipients of Rent Assistance, 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Males n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 376,919 376,199 368,498 388,500
Females n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 665,128 672,818 610,170 637,676
Persons n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,042,047 1,049,017 978,668 1,026,176
Payment type
Males
Age Pension 61,098 64,317 61,192 64,870 67,907 n/a n/a 75,383 76,337 56,634 58,735
Disability  Support  Pension n/a 75,352 70,597 n/a 74,020 n/a n/a 84,461 86,117 87,095 91,062
Disability  Wage  Supplement n/a 27 88                
Rehabilitation Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 1    
Wife Pension  (Age)                      
Wife Pension  (DSP)                      
Carer Payment 899 1,002 991 1,261 1,252 n/a n/a 1,881 2,106 2,420 2,746
Sickness Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5,764 2,543 2,373 2,225
Austudy  Payment 191                    
Youth Training  Allowance/ Youth Allowance             n/a 1,777 1,867 2,125 38,749
Job Search  Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 99,674      
Newstart  Allowance/Unemployment Benefit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 81,639 180,027 191,976 167,086
Newstart  Mature Age Allowance                 2,235 3,549 4,488
Mature Age Allowance           n/a n/a 6,090 4,714 3,377 2,150
Mature Age Partner  Allowance                      
Partner  Allowance             n/a 1,253 690 689 686
Family  Payment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 14,923 17,162 4,488 4,928
Parenting Payment—Single 4,316 4,968 5,164 6,495 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 11,029 11,752
Parenting Payment—Partnered                   945 1,302
Parenting Allowance               8 19    
Special Benefit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,985 2,288 1,798 2,399
Widow  B Pension                      
Widow  Allowance                      
Bereavement Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 2 n/a 1
Farm Household Support           n/a n/a 1 1 n/a n/a
Exceptional Circumstances Relief Payment           n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Farm Family  Restart           n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Females
Age Pension 173,302 181,907 171,482 177,910 181,466 n/a n/a 177,807 185,677 110,438 110,564
Disability  Support  Pension n/a 35,925 33,486 n/a 33,354 n/a n/a 42,626 45,130 52,007 55,382
Disability  Wage  Supplement               13 40    
Rehabilitation Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3 1    
Wife Pension  (Age) 1,596 1,672 1,690 1,962 1,958 n/a n/a 2,529 2,232 2,490 2,310
Wife Pension  (DSP) 9,114 9,436 9,233 10,957 7,669 n/a n/a 7,557 6,402 8,697 7,414
Carer Payment 681 773 724 925 1,028 n/a n/a 1,836 2,298 3,377 4,307
Sickness Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,070 1,679 1,605 1,349
Austudy  Payment                     835
Youth Training  Allowance/ Youth Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,059 3,122 3,563 53,470
Job Search  Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 59,178      
Newstart  Allowance/Unemployment Benefit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 40,150 98,972 109,134 84,701
Newstart  Mature Age Allowance                 96 330 280
Mature Age Allowance               56 n/a n/a n/a
Mature Age Partner  Allowance           n/a n/a 843 535 385 156
Partner  Allowance             n/a 9,767 6,798 7,265 7,165
Family  Payment n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 297,477 309,434 37,452 35,828
Parenting Payment—Single 98,051 103,469 95,626 109,213 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 157,536 162,943
Parenting Payment—Partnered                   105,300 99,260
Parenting Allowance               126 195    
Special Benefit n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,000 3,394 2,638 3,187
Widow  B Pension 17,196 16,393 13,476 12,564 11,822 n/a n/a 9,999 2,609 1,881 1,416
Widow  Allowance             n/a 3,510 4,184 6,068 7,104
Bereavement Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4 4 3 4
Farm Household Support           n/a n/a     n/a n/a
Exceptional Circumstances Relief Payment           n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 n/a
Farm Family  Restart           n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1
Persons
Age Pension 234,400 246,224 232,674 242,780 249,373 n/a n/a 253,190 262,014 167,072 169,299
Disability  Support  Pension   111,277 104,083 104,083 107,374 n/a n/a 127,087 131,247 139,102 146,444
Disability  Wage  Supplement             n/a 40 128    
Rehabilitation Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5 2    
Wife Pension  (Age) 1,596 1,672 1,690 1,962 1,958 n/a n/a 2,529 2,232 2,490 2,310
Wife Pension  (DSP) 9,114 9,436 9,233 10,957 7,669 n/a n/a 7,557 6,402 8,697 7,414
Carer Payment 1,580 1,775 1,715 2,186 2,280 n/a n/a 3,717 4,404 5,797 7,053
Sickness Allowance 26,389 25,982 17,715 15,355 14,883 n/a n/a 9,834 4,222 3,978 3,574
Austudy  Payment 1,026                    
Youth Training  Allowance/ Youth Allowance             n/a 4,836 4,989 5,688 92,219
Job Search  Allowance n/a n/a n/a 166,642 134,312 n/a n/a 158,852      
Newstart  Allowance/Unemployment Benefit n/a n/a n/a 123,755 143,740 n/a n/a 121,789 278,999 301,110 251,787
Newstart  Mature Age Allowance                 2,331 3,879 4,768
Mature Age Allowance           n/a n/a 6,146 4,714 3,377 2,150
Mature Age Partner  Allowance           n/a n/a 843 535 385 156
Partner  Allowance             n/a 11,020 7,488 7,954 7,851
Family  Payment 36,410 42,030 39,396 54,739 n/a n/a n/a 312,400 326,596 41,940 40,756
Parenting Payment—Single 102,367 108,437 100,790 115,708 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 168,565 174,695
Parenting Payment—Partnered                   106,245 100,562
Parenting Allowance               134 214    
Special Benefit 9,127 10,633 8,772 12,839 11,857 n/a n/a 7,985 5,682 4,436 5,586
Widow  B Pension 17,196 16,393 13,476 12,564 11,822 n/a n/a 9,999 2,609 1,881 1,416
Widow  Allowance             n/a 3,510 4,184 6,068 7,104
Bereavement Allowance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5 6 3 5
Farm Household Support           n/a n/a 1 1 n/a n/a
Exceptional Circumstances Relief Payment           n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 n/a
Farm Family  Restart           n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1

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3.2 Characteristics of recipients of Family Allowances, 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Family allowance
Customers 1,927,015 1,890,859 1,911,196 1,929,508 1,933,696 1,827,861 1,804,118 1,812,457 1,811,745 1,775,663 1,773,185
Children 3,760,462 3,672,525 3,699,446 3,720,088 3,724,408 3,538,999 3,486,316 3,497,467 3,491,160 3,418,865 3,441,194
Greater than minimum rate family allowance
Customers
Workforce 164,746 178,297 187,872 265,844 288,930 311,438 305,165 261,046 281,423 260,245 258,686
Auto 386,158 385,699 447,808 506,887 521,289 530,456 531,425 622,888 637,115 648,978 667,629
Total 550,904 563,996 635,680 772,731 810,219 841,894 836,590 883,934 918,538 909,223 926,315
Children
Workforce 411,162 437,510 455,547 565,585 660,454 701,923 687,943 585,849 625,047 578,988 544,745
Auto 724,080 705,083 820,224 929,908 963,498 981,127 983,429 1,173,295 1,196,183 1,220,439 1,225,877
Total 1,135,242 1,142,593 1,275,771 1,495,493 1,623,952 1,683,050 1,671,372 1,759,144 1,821,230 1,799,427 1,770,622
Minimum family allowance only
Customers 1,376,111 1,326,863 1,275,516 1,156,777 1,123,477 985,967 967,528 928,523 893,207 866,440 846,870
Children 2,625,220 2,529,932 2,423,675 2,224,595 2,100,465 1,855,949 1,814,944 1,738,323 1,669,930 1,619,438 1,670,572
Family tax payment
Part A
Customers                 512,748 479,315 454,654
Children                 976,659 919,910 868,139
Part B
Customers                 393,012 364,244 342,625
Children                 852,148 797,251 751,663

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3.3 Characteristics of recipients of other selected payments by payment type, 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Mobility allowance
Males 7,188 7,422 7,535 7,826 9,118 11,916 13,106 14,200 15,066 16,346 17,415
Females 5,568 5,785 5,909 6,085 7,042 8,879 9,745 10,785 11,529 12,629 13,586
Persons 12,756 13,207 13,444 13,911 16,160 20,795 22,851 24,985 26,595 28,975 31,001
Child disability allowance
Recipients 34,671 37,746 42,405 50,797 61,174 69,693 78,898 90,644 95,520 90,830 100,452
Children 36,777 40,222 45,457 54,863 66,804 76,461 87,123 101,084 106,784 101,377 106,593
Double orphan pension
Recipients 2,227 1,873 1,639 1,404 1,356 1,330 1,314 1,319 1,313 1,346 1,243
Children 2,769 2,319 2,032 1,753 1,684 1,680 1,701 1,703 1,686 1,745 1,612
Maternity allowance
Recipients               83,299 201,440 218,124 208,927

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3.4 Characteristics of recipients of disability services and child care services, 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. People registered and receiving active employment assistance program support from a Commonwealth-funded disability service on the census dates of 18 October 1995, 24 September 1997, 21 October 1998 and 26 May 1999.
  2. Estimates from census of service  providers in indicated year.
  3. For 1989 to 1995, includes expenditure on JET child  care  places.
Recipients48 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 32,373 n/a 35,054 39,684 40,832
Expenditure ($’000 financial year ending 30 June) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 181,766 191,295 197,665 208,042
Child care - long day care49
Children
Community based n/a n/a 65,700 n/a 75,900 n/a 79,100 n/a 82,800 n/a 81,300
Private n/a n/a 69,300 n/a 112,800 n/a 171900 n/a 211900 n/a 220,200
Family day care n/a n/a 60,800 n/a 76,400 n/a 84,200 n/a 85,000 n/a 83,100
TOTAL n/a n/a 195,800 n/a 265,100 n/a 335,200 n/a 379,700 n/a 384,600
Families
Community based n/a n/a 57,100 n/a 65,200 n/a 67,700 n/a 71,000 n/a 70,700
Private n/a n/a 60,800 n/a 97,200 n/a 145600 n/a 177300 n/a 184,400
Family day care n/a n/a 46,000 n/a 56,400 n/a 61,900 n/a 62,200 n/a 60,500
TOTAL n/a n/a 163,900 n/a 218,800 n/a 275,200 n/a 310,500 n/a 315,600
Expenditure ($’000 financial year ending 30 June)
Childcare assistance50 213,217 215,036 243,638 434,818 538,179 667,323 772,852 858,326 931,248 830,917 815,876
Childcare rebate 87,450 120,500 126,688 123,050 117,000            
Childcare for JET n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 10,490 6,938 5,046 4,625
Total 213,217 215,036 243,638 434,818 538,179 667,323 860,302 989,316 1,064,874 959,013 937,501

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4 Expenditure on payments

4.1 Expenditure on income support and related payments by payment type ($’000), 1989 to 1999

 
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Includes expenditure on Wife Pension (Age) and Carer Payment (Age) 1989–1997.
  2. Includes expenditure on Wife Pension  (Disability Support) and Carer Payment (Disability Support) 1989–1997  and on Disability  Wage  Supplement 1995–1998.
  3. Includes Job Search and Youth Training Allowances.
  4. Includes Rent Assistance
  5. Estimate
Recipients48 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 32,373 n/a 35,054 39,684 40,832
Expenditure ($’000 financial year ending 30 June) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 181,766 191,295 197,665 208,042
Child care - long day care49
Children
Community based n/a n/a 65,700 n/a 75,900 n/a 79,100 n/a 82,800 n/a 81,300
Private n/a n/a 69,300 n/a 112,800 n/a 171900 n/a 211900 n/a 220,200
Family day care n/a n/a 60,800 n/a 76,400 n/a 84,200 n/a 85,000 n/a 83,100
TOTAL n/a n/a 195,800 n/a 265,100 n/a 335,200 n/a 379,700 n/a 384,600
Families
Community based n/a n/a 57,100 n/a 65,200 n/a 67,700 n/a 71,000 n/a 70,700
Private n/a n/a 60,800 n/a 97,200 n/a 145600 n/a 177300 n/a 184,400
Family day care n/a n/a 46,000 n/a 56,400 n/a 61,900 n/a 62,200 n/a 60,500
TOTAL n/a n/a 163,900 n/a 218,800 n/a 275,200 n/a 310,500 n/a 315,600
Expenditure ($’000 financial year ending 30 June)
Childcare assistance 213,217 215,036 243,638 434,818 538,179 667,323 772,852 858,326 931,248 830,917 815,876
Childcare rebate 87,450 120,500 126,688 123,050 117,000            
Childcare for JET n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 10,490 6,938 5,046 4,625
Total 213,217 215,036 243,638 434,818 538,179 667,323 860,302 989,316 1,064,874 959,013 937,501
Payment
Age Pension51 and wives 7,516,110 8,182,453 9,207,544 9,924,395 10,588,279 11,734,222 11,884,066 12,383,929 13,204,658 13,141,895 13,569,056
Wife Pension (Age)                   254,752 243,433
Disability Support Pension and wives52 2,415,564 2,679,752 3,095,780 3,547,991 3,895,688 4,337,862 4,524,834 4,917,968 5,231,340 4,601,486 4,920,223
Wife Pension (Disability Support)                   599,136 534,069
Carer Payment                   258,474 307,506
Sheltered Employment Allowance and Wives 73,241 78,029 89,018 36,254              
Rehabilitation Allowance and Wives 17,661 18,719 29,974 35,847 14,351 2,470 521 7      
Widow B Pension and Bereavement Allowance 534,933 553,742 577,256 566,552 535,605 532,429 482,301 466,248 298,083 148,184 106,427
Parenting Payment (Single) 2,132,252 2,334,211 2,686,319 3,056,545 2,869,647 2,524,616 2,552,272 2,760,105 2,992,322 2,206,233 3,248,684
Home Child Care Allowance Parenting Allowance             617,555 2,091,321 2,215,579 1,570,502  
Parenting Payment (partnered)                   1,455,563 2,118,795
Mature Age Allowance (Pension and Benefit) and Mature Age Partner Allowance           77,810 356,551 436,551 472,469 443,380 401,698
Partner Allowance               462,547 497,841 532,278 590,185
Widow Allowance             31,752 88,233 117,273 180,112 227,289
Newstart Allowance53 3,135,640 3,067,797 4,561,354 6,736,270 7,492,186 7,597,563 7,061,006 5,811,686 6,206,967 5,915,908 5,374,368
Sickness Allowance 552,970 611,167 650,613 444,853 370,257 426,354 413,234 354,012 144,280 92,684 93,043
Special Benefit 178,310 215,593 261,749 304,101 280,530 245,430 224,416 157,088 132,289 95,867 99,585
Youth Allowance                     1,843,498
Austudy Payment                     287,173
Disaster Relief Payment           671       28  
FaCS pensions and allowances54 16,556,681 17,741,463 21,159,607 24,652,808 26,046,543 27,479,427 28,148,508 29,929,695 31,513,101 31,496,482 33,965,032
Maternity Allowance               65,165 196,716 183,607 167,085
Child endowment, FA, BFP and successors 1,314,893 1,810,309 1,893,958 2,329,028 2,074,770 2,051,179 2,016,804 5,877,684 6,279,000 6,363,712 6,390,976
FIS, FAS, AFP and successors 399,954 513,302 572,727 723,846 2,124,110 3,399,759 3,534,840        
Family Tax Payment                 288,564 558,735 546,217
Funeral Benefits 1,279 827                  
Double Orphan Pension 2,186 1,986 1,778 1,638 1,580 1,547 1,595 1,654 1,681 1,778 1,725
Handicapped Children’s Allowance, Child Disability
Allowance 50,864 61,688 76,280 103,812 133,200 159,924 185,066 213,658 233,106 248,429 244,896
Mobility Allowance 7,445 8,066 7,993 12,150 17,817 26,372 30,523 34,149 38,118 41,863 46,137
All FaCS income support 18,333,302 20,137,641 23,712,343 27,823,282 30,398,020 33,118,208 33,917,336 36,122,005 38,550,286 38,894,606 41,362,068
DVA Service Pensions/Income Support Supplement 2,048,139 2,164,449 2,325,077 2,377,619 2,389,886 2,382,300 2,426,600 2,620,103 2,660,305 2,613,360 2,680,409
AUSTUDY and ABSTUDY 806,360 906,302 1,108,622 1,353,740 55 1,544,414 1,577,078 1,585,321 1,701,378 1,637,802 1,589,614 145,172
CDEP 98,932 133,348 194,091 204,522 234,425 257,877 292,240 326,501 326,634 346,675 378,196
GRAND TOTAL 21,286,733 23,341,740 27,340,133 31,759,163 34,566,745 37,335,463 38,221,497 40,769,987 43,175,027 43,444,255 44,565,845

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5 Selected FaCS maximum rates

5.1 Selected FaCS maximum rates ($/wk), 1989 to 199956

 
June of 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. See Appendix C for definitions of terms.
Pensions                      
Pension  max rate standard (single) 129.20 141.20 150.80 153.05 156.05 159.05 160.80 171.30 173.90 177.30 180.70
Pension  max rate married  (per  person) 107.70 117.70 125.75 127.65 130.15 132.75 136.00 142.90 145.05 147.90 150.80
Pension  free area—standard (single) 40.00 40.00 40.00 42.00 44.00 44.00 45.00 46.00 49.00 50.00 50.00
Pension  free area—married (per  person) 35.00 35.00 37.00 38.00 38.00 38.00 39.00 41.00 43.00 44.00 44.00
Pension  cut out—standard 298.40 322.40 341.60 348.10 356.10 362.10 366.60 388.60 396.80 404.60 411.40
Pension  cut out—married (per  person) 250.40 270.40 288.50 293.30 298.30 303.50 311.00 326.80 333.10 339.80 345.60
Allowance
Benefit  max rate married  adult  (per  person, no children) 107.70 117.70 125.75 127.65 130.15 132.65 134.10 142.90 145.05 145.05 146.90
Benefit  max rate single  18+, with children 176.15                    
Benefit  max rate single  21+, no children 120.65 130.00 138.75 140.95 141.35 147.05 148.65 158.35 160.75 160.75 162.85
Benefit  max rate (18 to 20, independent) 97.70 105.15 113.85 117.10 118.50 120.75 122.80 128.35 132.35 132.75 133.70
Benefit  max rate (under 18—at home) 53.55 57.60 62.05 64.15 64.90 66.15 67.25 70.30 72.50 72.75 73.20
Benefit  free area 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00
Benefit  cut-out  (married—per person) 157.70 167.70 175.75 177.65 180.15 182.65 184.10 245.57 248.64 248.64 251.29
Benefit  cut-out  single  18+, with children 293.07                    
Benefit  cut-out  (single 21+) 170.65 180.00 188.75 190.95 191.35 197.05 198.65 267.64 271.07 271.07 274.07
Benefit  cut-out  (single 18–20, independent) 147.70 155.15 163.85 167.10 168.50 170.75 172.80 224.79 230.50 231.07 232.43
Benefit  cut-out  (single 17, at home) 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 141.86 141.86 141.86 146.00
Benefit  cut-out  (single 16 at home) 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 141.86 141.86 141.86 146.00

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6 Wages, prices, GOP, Government expenditure

6.1 Wages, prices, Gross Domestic Product, Government expenditure (current values), 1989 to 1999

 
June of 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. Courtesy  of the Metal Trades  Industry  Association.
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics,  catalogue number 6401.0
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics,  catalogue number 6302.0
  4. Australian Bureau of Statistics,  catalogue number 5206.0
  5. Australian Bureau of Statistics,  catalogue number 5512.0
Wages ($/wk)57
Basic  Wage 214.5 214.5 230.1 230.1 230.1 238.1 254.1 254.1 264.1 278.1 290.1
Fitter’s Wage  (C10) 353.7 393.4 402.4 417.2 417.2 425.2 433.2 441.2 451.2 465.2 477.2
Process  worker (C13) 293.5 325.6 331.4 342.1 342.1 350.1 358.1 358.1 376.1 390.1 402.1
Prices58
CPI 92.6 100.0 105.3 107.3 108.4 110.4 113.9 118.7 120.3 121.1 122.3
Average Total Weekly Earnings ($/wk)59
Males 519.1 555.8 569.9 597.4 612.5 625.1 652.7 671.5 687.1 714.5 733
Females 339 361.8 378.9 397 406.3 422.8 429.9 441.1 457.4 468.3 483
GDP(I) current prices ($m)60 339,068 370,070 378,964 387,164 405,764 430,424 455,616 486,054 516,359 563,284 591,236
Commonwealth Government expenditure ($m) 82,836 88,536 96,871 103,791 111,484 117,252 122,901 131,182 135,126 134,608 147,184
Government expenditure (all levels $m)61 109,264 119,764 131,603 144,512 146,821 154,190 160,914 171,126 179,384 182,815 214,938

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7 Demography and labour force

7.1 Estimated resident population by age and sex, 1989 to 199962

 
June of 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. All tables in Section 7.1 from Australian Bureau of Statistics, catalogue number 3101.0
Males
Age groups
0 127,847 131,758 132,946 132,321 132,532 132,149 132,459 130,948 129,685 127,390 126,635
1–4 509,185 513,473 519,356 526,494 530,457 533,775 534,244 534,663 533,641 531,167 526,574
5–9 637,038 647,321 652,418 656,280 655,296 656,615 662,592 669,251 674,264 679,115 683,480
10–14 636,289 633,992 638,311 642,968 650,114 656,986 664,089 670,227 671,797 671,916 674,420
15–19 722,148 717,426 698,773 677,905 663,084 654,545 650,877 655,345 663,680 674,294 684,184
20–24 677,209 688,523 707,124 724,673 731,231 730,369 725,107 708,906 697,074 691,414 694,538
25–29 717,741 715,830 702,728 693,415 684,773 682,587 691,428 710,454 727,726 737,171 743,210
30–34 681,275 699,153 713,784 726,120 731,046 734,852 730,523 720,725 710,389 703,307 704,477
35–39 649,036 656,292 664,228 675,692 685,516 695,369 710,843 726,660 737,306 745,555 752,176
40–44 619,704 640,461 655,138 653,430 653,353 658,926 665,597 676,137 688,428 698,248 708,715
45–49 482,290 503,478 526,498 561,873 595,735 616,612 635,263 654,234 649,590 654,875 665,185
50–54 405,930 420,262 433,762 446,142 455,905 474,792 496,254 517,520 557,455 591,213 612,443
55–59 371,161 366,929 367,302 374,152 383,554 393,886 406,724 419,859 432,830 446,092 466,560
60–64 364,724 367,815 366,779 362,708 358,027 355,250 353,505 353,827 360,382 368,937 378,484
65–69 306,968 313,789 320,142 324,968 329,861 332,441 335,187 337,445 336,529 334,283 331,820
70–74 212,201 217,888 228,494 239,233 250,579 263,810 270,031 276,105 281,090 286,022 289,711
75–79 149,797 154,537 158,993 162,065 163,304 163,279 169,506 179,593 189,861 200,522 213,195
80–84 77,066 80,776 84,413 88,362 93,199 98,542 102,606 105,855 108,495 110,080 110,502
85+ 39,980 41,566 44,220 47,346 50,349 53,281 56,769 60,301 63,988 68,296 74,189
Total 8,387,589 8,511,269 8,615,409 8,716,147 8,797,915 8,888,066 8,993,604 9,108,055 9,214,210 9,329,851 9,329,851
15 136,892 133,435 130,302 128,793 127,954 128,313 129,117 132,136 134,560 136,924 136,425
15–64 5,691,218 5,776,169 5,836,116 5,896,110 5,942,224 5,997,188 6,066,121 6,143,667 6,224,860 6,311,106 6,409,972
Females
Age groups
0 121,711 124,796 126,139 125,548 125,825 125,261 125,464 124,335 122,851 120,866 120,059
1–4 485,107 488,125 493,262 500,326 503,708 506,852 507,357 507,103 506,111 503,368 499,282
5–9 603,863 614,981 619,790 623,582 624,009 625,299 630,089 636,798 640,884 645,215 648,955
10–14 603,878 600,548 603,308 608,818 615,585 623,100 631,824 637,990 640,312 640,736 642,684
15–19 691,024 684,977 665,301 644,866 630,561 622,141 618,363 623,774 630,243 639,297 649,996
20–24 658,687 669,837 689,640 705,723 711,570 709,416 704,414 687,960 674,613 665,691 666,400
25–29 706,374 706,777 696,935 689,366 680,550 679,267 687,335 707,561 724,812 733,145 736,261
30–34 677,378 694,449 711,951 725,058 730,758 734,576 731,083 723,796 714,205 706,925 707,857
35–39 645,714 656,478 664,159 677,393 688,104 697,863 712,394 729,327 740,902 748,913 754,850
40–44 595,918 618,755 639,133 641,704 647,168 657,074 667,664 678,946 692,235 702,629 711,564
45–49 455,920 478,641 502,647 538,571 572,943 595,931 616,566 639,704 640,059 649,539 663,412
50–54 389,177 400,880 413,172 424,231 433,984 453,055 475,987 497,412 536,230 570,287 592,602
55–59 360,992 359,137 358,648 366,394 375,744 385,655 395,514 407,540 419,785 431,183 450,906
60–64 370,601 370,653 370,089 365,270 359,603 356,935 356,786 356,656 362,859 370,123 378,897
65–69 342,874 348,562 351,248 352,955 355,355 354,471 354,188 354,740 351,722 348,707 346,233
70–74 265,811 270,638 282,261 292,552 303,540 317,302 322,964 327,017 328,316 329,909 329,170
75–79 214,781 220,691 225,502 229,080 230,030 227,799 233,400 243,799 255,728 267,923 282,267
80–84 133,809 139,325 145,415 151,445 158,295 167,169 172,430 176,603 178,966 180,000 178,091
85+ 103,208 105,609 110,027 115,635 121,846 127,506 134,332 141,598 149,112 156,006 166,804
Total 8,426,827 8,553,859 8,668,627 8,778,517 8,869,178 8,966,672 9,078,154 9,202,659 9,309,945 9,421,131 9,421,131
15 129,695 127,006 123,737 121,741 121,338 121,427 122,320 125,941 127,275 129,737 130,371
15–59 5,181,184 5,269,931 5,341,586 5,413,306 5,471,382 5,534,978 5,609,320 5,696,020 5,773,084 5,847,609 5,933,848
Persons
Age groups
0 249,558 256,554 259,085 257,869 258,357 257,410 257,923 255,283 252,536 248,256 246,694
1–4 994,292 1,001,598 1,012,618 1,026,820 1,034,165 1,040,627 1,041,601 1,041,766 1,039,752 1,034,535 1,025,856
5–9 1,240,901 1,262,302 1,272,208 1,279,862 1,279,305 1,281,914 1,292,681 1,306,049 1,315,148 1,324,330 1,332,435
10–14 1,240,167 1,234,540 1,241,619 1,251,786 1,265,699 1,280,086 1,295,913 1,308,217 1,312,109 1,312,652 1,317,104
15–19 1,413,172 1,402,403 1,364,074 1,322,771 1,293,645 1,276,686 1,269,240 1,279,119 1,293,923 1,313,591 1,334,180
20–24 1,335,896 1,358,360 1,396,764 1,430,396 1,442,801 1,439,785 1,429,521 1,396,866 1,371,687 1,357,105 1,360,938
25–29 1,424,115 1,422,607 1,399,663 1,382,781 1,365,323 1,361,854 1,378,763 1,418,015 1,452,538 1,470,316 1,479,471
30–34 1,358,653 1,393,602 1,425,735 1,451,178 1,461,804 1,469,428 1,461,606 1,444,521 1,424,594 1,410,232 1,412,334
35–39 1,294,750 1,312,770 1,328,387 1,353,085 1,373,620 1,393,232 1,423,237 1,455,987 1,478,208 1,494,468 1,507,026
40–44 1,215,622 1,259,216 1,294,271 1,295,134 1,300,521 1,316,000 1,333,261 1,355,083 1,380,663 1,400,877 1,420,279
45–49 938,210 982,119 1,029,145 1,100,444 1,168,678 1,212,543 1,251,829 1,293,938 1,289,649 1,304,414 1,328,597
50–54 795,107 821,142 846,934 870,373 889,889 927,847 972,241 1,014,932 1,093,685 1,161,500 1,205,045
55–59 732,153 726,066 725,950 740,546 759,298 779,541 802,238 827,399 852,615 877,275 917,466
60–64 735,325 738,468 736,868 727,978 717,630 712,185 710,291 710,483 723,241 739,060 757,381
65–69 649,842 662,351 671,390 677,923 685,216 686,912 689,375 692,185 688,251 682,990 678,053
70–74 478,012 488,526 510,755 531,785 554,119 581,112 592,995 603,122 609,406 615,931 618,881
75–79 364,578 375,228 384,495 391,145 393,334 391,078 402,906 423,392 445,589 468,445 495,462
80–85 210,875 220,101 229,828 239,807 251,494 265,711 275,036 282,458 287,461 290,080 288,593
85+ 143,188 147,175 154,247 162,981 172,195 180,787 191,101 201,899 213,100 224,302 240,993
Total 16,814,416 17,065,128 17,284,036 17,494,664 17,667,093 17,854,738 18,071,758 18,310,714 18,524,155 18,750,982 18,750,982
15 277,023 268,756 262,503 255,018 251,490 250,342 251,212 254,011 260,181 266,661 266,796
Workforce  age 10,872,402 11,046,100 11,177,702 11,309,416 11,413,606 11,532,166 11,675,441 11,839,687 11,997,944 12,158,715 12,343,820

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7.2 Civilian labour force by age, sex, marital status and labour force status, 1989 to 199963

 
June of 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  1. All tables in Section 7.2 from Australian Bureau of Statistics, catalogue number 6203.0
Males
Civilian population
15–19 714,600 711,100 692,400 674,600 661,600 652,600 648,200 652,400 661,100 672,800 681,700
20–24 661,800 673,000 691,100 709,700 720,600 725,100 712,600 696,800 686,100 682,200 683,700
25–34 1,374,800 1,390,200 1,392,900 1,393,400 1,390,500 1,390,800 1,399,800 1,409,200 1,417,300 1,421,200 1,426,400
35–44 1,256,600 1,284,100 1,306,200 1,315,300 1,325,000 1,335,700 1,365,000 1,391,300 1,414,800 1,432,900 1,449,400
45–54 886,100 921,500 958,800 1,006,100 1,050,500 1,091,700 1,129,000 1,169,100 1,204,600 1,243,600 1,275,300
55–59 371,100 366,800 367,600 373,400 383,300 395,600 406,600 419,800 432,800 446,000 466,600
60–64 364,600 367,800 366,600 361,800 355,300 350,900 353,500 353,800 360,300 368,500 378,200
65+ 784,500 807,900 836,200 862,100 888,300 913,300 934,100 959,300 978,800 997,000 1,015,400
Total 6,414,100 6,522,400 6,611,800 6,696,400 6,775,100 6,855,700 6,948,800 7,051,700 7,155,800 7,264,200 7,376,700
Labour force
15–19 432,200 422,800 373,100 367,400 350,800 362,500 359,300 372,700 371,600 374,400 383,600
20–24 587,100 597,400 599,900 619,600 626,700 620,900 627,100 600,600 588,600 591,100 590,900
25–34 1,298,700 1,312,800 1,319,300 1,306,600 1,305,700 1,298,900 1,299,100 1,314,300 1,317,700 1,311,100 1,312,000
35–44 1,178,500 1,215,400 1,228,300 1,232,500 1,251,100 1,233,900 1,263,800 1,288,000 1,299,800 1,322,500 1,327,400
45–54 790,000 831,800 857,900 894,800 936,000 969,000 1,009,600 1,031,100 1,056,300 1,084,900 1,119,000
55–59 277,300 274,600 272,200 275,900 273,900 286,900 302,400 305,300 313,000 334,500 340,200
60–64 181,100 186,900 181,200 182,100 172,600 172,400 161,300 167,800 163,400 169,500 177,500
65+ 72,900 77,700 74,000 83,800 72,600 89,200 94,100 93,300 98,500 100,600 98,900
Total 4,817,800 4,919,400 4,905,900 4,962,700 4,989,400 5,033,700 5,116,700 5,173,100 5,208,900 5,288,600 5,349,500
Employed
15–19 382,800 361,000 293,700 278,100 271,300 281,300 283,200 291,500 295,200 299,800 316,500
20–24 540,900 541,800 512,400 507,800 520,000 532,300 548,200 533,100 507,000 512,500 524,400
25–34 1,232,700 1,240,100 1,196,900 1,161,700 1,162,600 1,175,600 1,195,000 1,214,600 1,209,600 1,209,100 1,221,000
35–44 1,136,800 1,170,300 1,148,400 1,137,900 1,143,500 1,145,000 1,187,100 1,209,200 1,230,800 1,245,100 1,260,800
45–54 760,100 800,900 812,700 832,000 866,400 905,800 953,600 971,300 995,300 1,025,300 1,070,700
55–59 263,800 261,200 254,000 250,200 240,900 256,000 274,100 279,000 286,200 311,600 318,200
60–64 169,500 170,300 158,200 159,400 147,300 151,700 148,000 153,700 153,900 156,200 168,100
65+ 71,900 77,000 73,100 81,600 71,300 87,200 92,100 91,000 97,100 98,600 98,000
Total 4,558,500 4,622,600 4,449,400 4,408,700 4,423,300 4,534,900 4,681,300 4,743,400 4,775,100 4,858,200 4,977,700
Employed full–time
15–19 267,700 243,700 169,400 148,800 150,700 146,600 147,300 142,200 130,700 137,800 137,700
20–24 492,800 480,200 451,800 432,000 443,300 439,300 459,700 435,200 406,800 406,800 414,800
25–34 1,185,200 1,191,500 1,128,000 1,086,000 1,085,900 1,113,600 1,117,200 1,136,400 1,121,500 1,124,300 1,125,300
35–44 1,103,600 1,133,200 1,100,300 1,078,400 1,087,700 1,084,300 1,121,100 1,144,900 1,155,100 1,170,700 1,187,100
45–54 732,200 768,800 776,400 788,600 821,000 857,900 899,900 905,800 935,600 959,300 991,000
55–59 240,600 239,600 228,700 224,300 219,100 232,000 241,800 251,100 255,400 273,700 277,500
60–64 148,200 143,500 134,900 130,900 122,900 127,100 122,300 126,300 123,000 122,400 128,100
65+ 40,500 48,400 44,300 49,200 43,000 52,600 56,400 52,600 56,100 55,200 55,300
Total 4,210,800 4,248,900 4,033,800 3,938,200 3,973,600 4,053,400 4,165,700 4,194,500 4,184,200 4,250,200 4,316,800
Employed part-time
15–19 115,100 117,300 124,300 129,300 120,600 134,700 135,900 149,300 164,500 162,000 178,800
20–24 48,100 61,600 60,600 75,800 76,700 93,000 88,500 97,900 100,200 105,700 109,600
25–34 47,500 48,600 68,900 75,700 76,700 62,000 77,800 78,200 88,100 84,800 95,700
35–44 33,200 37,100 48,100 59,500 55,800 60,700 66,000 64,300 75,700 74,400 73,700
45–54 27,900 32,100 36,300 43,400 45,400 47,900 53,700 65,500 59,700 66,000 79,700
55–59 23,200 21,600 25,300 25,900 21,800 24,000 32,300 27,900 30,800 37,900 40,700
60–64 21,300 26,800 23,300 28,500 24,400 24,600 25,700 27,400 30,900 33,800 40,000
65+ 31,400 28,600 28,800 32,400 28,300 34,600 35,700 38,400 41,000 43,400 42,700
Total 347,700 373,700 415,600 470,500 449,700 481,500 515,600 548,900 590,900 608,000 660,900
Unemployed
15–19 49,400 61,800 79,400 89,300 79,500 81,200 76,100 81,200 76,400 74,600 67,100
20–24 46,200 55,600 87,500 111,800 106,700 88,600 78,900 67,500 81,600 78,600 66,500
25–34 66,000 72,700 122,400 144,900 143,100 123,300 104,100 99,700 108,100 102,000 91,000
35–44 41,700 45,100 79,900 94,600 107,600 88,900 76,700 78,800 69,000 77,400 66,600
45–54 29,900 30,900 45,200 62,800 69,600 63,200 56,000 59,800 61,000 59,600 48,300
55–59 13,500 13,400 18,200 25,700 33,000 30,900 28,300 26,300 26,800 22,900 22,000
60–64 11,600 16,600 23,000 22,700 25,300 20,700 13,300 14,100 9,500 13,300 9,400
65+ 1,000 700 900 2,200 1,300 2,000 2,000 2,300 1,400 2,000 900
Total 259,300 296,800 456,500 554,000 566,100 498,800 435,400 429,700 433,800 430,400 371,800
Not in the labour force
15–19 282,400 288,300 319,300 307,200 310,800 290,100 288,900 279,700 289,500 298,400 298,100
20–24 74,700 75,600 91,200 90,100 93,900 104,200 85,500 96,200 97,500 91,100 92,800
25–34 76,100 77,400 73,600 86,800 84,800 91,900 100,700 94,900 99,600 110,100 114,400
35–44 78,100 68,700 77,900 82,800 73,900 101,800 101,200 103,300 115,000 110,400 122,000
45–54 96,100 89,700 100,900 111,300 114,500 122,700 119,400 138,000 148,300 158,700 156,300
55–59 93,800 92,200 95,400 97,500 109,400 108,700 104,200 114,500 119,800 111,500 126,400
60–64 183,500 180,900 185,400 179,700 182,700 178,500 192,200 186,000 196,900 199,000 200,700
65+ 711,600 730,200 762,200 778,300 815,700 824,100 840,000 866,000 880,300 896,400 916,500
Total 1,596,300 1,603,000 1,705,900 1,733,700 1,785,700 1,822,000 1,832,100 1,878,600 1,946,900 1,975,600 2,027,200

Females

Civilian population
15–19 689,500 683,900 664,100 644,600 631,200 621,700 617,900 623,200 630,200 640,000 649,500
20–24 655,400 666,300 685,600 702,300 710,000 710,200 701,600 685,400 673,000 665,400 663,800
25–34 1,381,700 1,398,700 1,406,000 1,409,500 1,406,800 1,408,200 1,415,000 1,427,700 1,436,400 1,438,300 1,440,100
35–44 1,241,500 1,274,700 1,302,000 1,317,100 1,332,600 1,348,600 1,379,100 1,407,300 1,432,600 1,451,200 1,466,100
45–54 845,200 879,500 916,500 963,000 1,007,400 1,050,800 1,092,400 1,136,900 1,176,400 1,220,000 1,256,500
55–59 361,000 359,200 359,200 365,400 375,100 386,300 395,500 407,500 419,800 431,200 450,800
60–64 370,500 370,700 369,800 364,800 357,400 352,700 356,800 356,600 362,800 370,000 378,800
65+ 1,058,600 1,084,200 1,114,300 1,141,700 1,169,800 1,195,400 1,217,300 1,243,700 1,262,500 1,281,500 1,299,800
Total 6,603,400 6,717,200 6,817,500 6,908,400 6,990,300 7,073,900 7,175,600 7,288,300 7,393,700 7,497,600 7,605,400
Labour force
15–19 402,100 388,200 350,500 349,600 327,300 345,300 371,500 358,200 342,900 356,200 366,600
20–24 507,400 523,200 521,100 529,400 535,400 542,600 538,400 533,300 513,200 518,700 511,200
25–34 889,900 926,900 928,200 926,700 913,600 937,300 973,900 961,200 977,900 1,003,500 997,100
35–44 864,600 929,700 931,400 950,200 948,300 945,800 997,400 1,016,100 1,022,600 1,026,800 1,041,000
45–54 507,300 545,300 584,800 621,600 657,300 691,400 743,800 758,600 807,400 846,700 869,900
55–59 119,200 125,000 129,300 133,100 138,300 150,200 159,700 169,400 178,400 188,200 198,700
60–64 54,600 56,000 56,800 50,600 52,500 54,400 59,400 68,500 70,000 76,200 66,800
65+ 23,700 26,100 27,400 25,300 29,400 31,400 32,200 36,300 36,300 39,300 41,300
Total 3,368,800 3,520,400 3,529,500 3,586,500 3,602,100 3,698,400 3,876,300 3,901,600 3,948,700 4,055,600 4,092,600
Employed
15–19 343,800 330,200 279,400 264,900 249,800 267,500 301,000 297,800 280,700 292,800 309,300
20–24 465,500 478,800 459,100 461,500 464,300 478,700 487,200 480,000 451,700 464,800 460,600
25–34 839,400 865,700 854,000 839,300 833,400 859,200 910,400 892,600 908,300 938,900 934,500
35–44 825,900 880,400 876,800 883,400 877,900 878,000 935,800 956,100 961,300 958,400 984,300
45–54 484,300 520,900 552,000 583,700 617,900 649,500 711,800 717,100 759,600 806,800 831,900
55–59 116,200 120,800 123,900 127,300 129,500 140,800 152,300 158,900 169,500 178,500 189,200
60–64 54,100 55,200 55,800 49,000 51,900 54,000 58,700 66,300 69,000 73,100 65,000
65+ 23,200 25,600 27,400 24,800 29,100 30,200 32,000 35,300 35,700 39,000 41,300
Total 3,152,400 3,277,600 3,228,400 3,233,900 3,253,800 3,357,900 3,589,200 3,604,100 3,635,800 3,752,300 3,816,100
Employed full–time
15–19 185,900 163,800 118,600 89,600 85,200 80,400 81,400 78,500 68,200 69,100 80,300
20–24 372,300 370,200 354,800 335,100 327,400 344,500 345,000 332,200 297,700 312,700 294,100
25–34 535,700 550,500 537,000 531,100 541,300 561,400 581,900 578,200 582,800 610,800 626,300
35–44 445,800 471,100 474,500 466,900 470,500 458,300 506,500 509,700 513,900 506,300 511,500
45–54 273,300 302,900 308,500 335,100 368,600 380,500 414,100 425,700 441,600 459,200 488,900
55–59 59,700 62,500 67,200 61,600 68,100 76,700 80,500 79,900 87,900 97,000 94,500
60–64 23,700 25,000 25,700 19,800 27,100 24,700 24,500 27,500 29,600 27,400 26,300
65+ 9,000 9,700 10,300 8,300 11,400 10,500 11,200 10,700 9,300 13,300 10,700
Total 1,905,400 1,955,700 1,896,600 1,847,500 1,899,600 1,937,000 2,045,100 2,042,400 2,031,000 2,095,800 2,132,600
Employed part-time
15–19 157,900 166,400 160,800 175,300 164,600 187,100 219,600 219,300 212,500 223,700 229,000
20–24 93,200 108,600 104,300 126,400 136,900 134,200 142,200 147,800 154,000 152,100 166,500
25–34 303,700 315,200 317,000 308,200 292,100 297,800 328,500 314,400 325,500 328,100 308,200
35–44 380,100 409,300 402,300 416,500 407,400 419,700 429,300 446,400 447,400 452,100 472,800
45–54 211,000 218,000 243,500 248,600 249,300 269,000 297,700 291,400 318,000 347,600 343,000
55–59 56,500 58,300 56,700 65,700 61,400 64,100 71,800 79,000 81,600 81,500 94,700
60–64 30,400 30,200 30,100 29,200 24,800 29,300 34,200 38,800 39,400 45,700 38,700
65+ 14,200 15,900 17,100 16,500 17,700 19,700 20,800 24,600 26,400 25,700 30,600
Total 1,247,000 1,321,900 1,331,800 1,386,400 1,354,200 1,420,900 1,544,100 1,561,700 1,604,800 1,656,500 1,683,500
Unemployed
15–19 58,300 58,000 71,100 84,700 77,500 77,800 70,500 60,400 62,200 63,400 57,300
20–24 41,900 44,400 62,000 67,900 71,100 63,900 51,200 53,300 61,500 53,900 50,600
25–34 50,500 61,200 74,200 87,400 80,200 78,100 63,500 68,600 69,600 64,600 62,600
35–44 38,700 49,300 54,600 66,800 70,400 67,800 61,600 60,000 61,300 68,400 56,700
45–54 23,000 24,400 32,800 37,900 39,400 41,900 32,000 41,500 47,800 39,900 38,000
55–59 3,000 4,200 5,400 5,800 8,800 9,400 7,400 10,500 8,900 9,700 9,500
60–64 500 800 1,000 1,600 600 400 700 2,200 1,000 3,100 1,800
65+ 500 500 0 500 300 1,200 200 1,000 600 300 0
Total 216,400 242,800 301,100 352,600 348,300 340,500 287,100 297,500 312,900 303,300 276,500
Not in the labour force
15–19 287,400 295,700 313,600 295,000 303,900 276,400 246,400 265,000 287,300 283,800 282,900
20–24 148,000 143,100 164,500 172,900 174,600 167,600 163,200 152,100 159,800 146,700 152,600
25–34 491,800 471,800 477,800 482,800 493,200 470,900 441,100 466,500 458,500 434,800 443,000
35–44 376,900 345,000 370,600 366,900 384,300 402,800 381,700 391,200 410,000 424,400 425,100
45–54 337,900 334,200 331,700 341,400 350,100 359,400 348,600 378,300 369,000 373,300 386,600
55–59 241,800 234,200 229,900 232,300 236,800 236,100 235,800 238,100 241,400 243,000 252,100
60–64 315,900 314,700 313,000 314,200 304,900 298,300 297,400 288,100 292,800 293,800 312,000
65+ 1,034,900 1,058,100 1,086,900 1,116,400 1,140,400 1,164,000 1,185,100 1,207,400 1,226,200 1,242,200 1,258,500
Total 3,234,600 3,196,800 3,288,000 3,321,900 3,388,200 3,375,500 3,299,300 3,386,700 3,445,000 3,442,000 3,512,800
Persons
Civilian population
15–19 1,404,100 1,395,000 1,356,500 1,319,200 1,292,800 1,274,300 1,266,100 1,275,600 1,291,300 1,312,800 1,331,200
20–24 1,317,200 1,339,300 1,376,700 1,412,000 1,430,600 1,435,300 1,414,200 1,382,200 1,359,100 1,347,600 1,347,500
25–34 2,756,500 2,788,900 2,798,900 2,802,900 2,797,300 2,799,000 2,814,800 2,836,900 2,853,700 2,859,500 2,866,500
35–44 2,498,100 2,558,800 2,608,200 2,632,400 2,657,600 2,684,300 2,744,100 2,798,600 2,847,400 2,884,100 2,915,500
45–54 1,731,300 1,801,000 1,875,300 1,969,100 2,057,900 2,142,500 2,221,400 2,306,000 2,381,000 2,463,600 2,531,800
55–59 732,100 726,000 726,800 738,800 758,400 781,900 802,100 827,300 852,600 877,200 917,400
60–64 735,100 738,500 736,400 726,600 712,700 703,600 710,300 710,400 723,100 738,500 757,000
65+ 1,843,100 1,892,100 1,950,500 2,003,800 2,058,100 2,108,700 2,151,400 2,203,000 2,241,300 2,278,500 2,315,200
Total 13,017,500 13,239,600 13,429,300 13,604,800 13,765,400 13,929,600 14,124,400 14,340,000 14,549,500 14,761,800 14,982,100
Labour force
15–19 834,300 811,000 723,600 717,000 678,100 707,800 730,800 730,900 714,500 730,600 750,200
20–24 1,094,500 1,120,600 1,121,000 1,149,000 1,162,100 1,163,500 1,165,500 1,133,900 1,101,800 1,109,800 1,102,100
25–34 2,188,600 2,239,700 2,247,500 2,233,300 2,219,300 2,236,200 2,273,000 2,275,500 2,295,600 2,314,600 2,309,100
35–44 2,043,100 2,145,100 2,159,700 2,182,700 2,199,400 2,179,700 2,261,200 2,304,100 2,322,400 2,349,300 2,368,400
45–54 1,297,300 1,377,100 1,442,700 1,516,400 1,593,300 1,660,400 1,753,400 1,789,700 1,863,700 1,931,600 1,988,900
55–59 396,500 399,600 401,500 409,000 412,200 437,100 462,100 474,700 491,400 522,700 538,900
60–64 235,700 242,900 238,000 232,700 225,100 226,800 220,700 236,300 233,400 245,700 244,300
65+ 96,600 103,800 101,400 109,100 102,000 120,600 126,300 129,600 134,800 139,900 140,200
Total 8,186,600 8,439,800 8,435,400 8,549,200 8,591,500 8,732,100 8,993,000 9,074,700 9,157,600 9,344,200 9,442,100
Employed
15–19 726,600 691,200 573,100 543,000 521,100 548,800 584,200 589,300 575,900 592,600 625,800
20–24 1,006,400 1,020,600 971,500 969,300 984,300 1,011,000 1,035,400 1,013,100 958,700 977,300 985,000
25–34 2,072,100 2,105,800 2,050,900 2,001,000 1,996,000 2,034,800 2,105,400 2,107,200 2,117,900 2,148,000 2,155,500
35–44 1,962,700 2,050,700 2,025,200 2,021,300 2,021,400 2,023,000 2,122,900 2,165,300 2,192,100 2,203,500 2,245,100
45–54 1,244,400 1,321,800 1,364,700 1,415,700 1,484,300 1,555,300 1,665,400 1,688,400 1,754,900 1,832,100 1,902,600
55–59 380,000 382,000 377,900 377,500 370,400 396,800 426,400 437,900 455,700 490,100 507,400
60–64 223,600 225,500 214,000 208,400 199,200 205,700 206,700 220,000 222,900 229,300 233,100
65+ 95,100 102,600 100,500 106,400 100,400 117,400 124,100 126,300 132,800 137,600 139,300
Total 7,710,900 7,900,200 7,677,800 7,642,600 7,677,100 7,892,800 8,270,500 8,347,500 8,410,900 8,610,500 8,793,800
Employed full–time
15–19 453,600 407,500 288,000 238,400 235,900 227,000 228,700 220,700 198,900 206,900 218,000
20–24 865,100 850,400 806,600 767,100 770,700 783,800 804,700 767,400 704,500 719,500 708,900
25–34 1,720,900 1,742,000 1,665,000 1,617,100 1,627,200 1,675,000 1,699,100 1,714,600 1,704,300 1,735,100 1,751,600
35–44 1,549,400 1,604,300 1,574,800 1,545,300 1,558,200 1,542,600 1,627,600 1,654,600 1,669,000 1,677,000 1,698,600
45–54 1,005,500 1,071,700 1,084,900 1,123,700 1,189,600 1,238,400 1,314,000 1,331,500 1,377,200 1,418,500 1,479,900
55–59 300,300 302,100 295,900 285,900 287,200 308,700 322,300 331,000 343,300 370,700 372,000
60–64 171,900 168,500 160,600 150,700 150,000 151,800 146,800 153,800 152,600 149,800 154,400
65+ 49,500 58,100 54,600 57,500 54,400 63,100 67,600 63,300 65,400 68,500 66,000
Total 6,116,200 6,204,600 5,930,400 5,785,700 5,873,200 5,990,400 6,210,800 6,236,900 6,215,200 6,346,000 6,449,400
Employed part-time
15–19 273,000 283,700 285,100 304,600 285,200 321,800 355,500 368,600 377,000 385,700 407,800
20–24 141,300 170,200 164,900 202,200 213,600 227,200 230,700 245,700 254,200 257,800 276,100
25–34 351,200 363,800 385,900 383,900 368,800 359,800 406,300 392,600 413,600 412,900 403,900
35–44 413,300 446,400 450,400 476,000 463,200 480,400 495,300 510,700 523,100 526,500 546,500
45–54 238,900 250,100 279,800 292,000 294,700 316,900 351,400 356,900 377,700 413,600 422,700
55–59 79,700 79,900 82,000 91,600 83,200 88,100 104,100 106,900 112,400 119,400 135,400
60–64 51,700 57,000 53,400 57,700 49,200 53,900 59,900 66,200 70,300 79,500 78,700
65+ 45,600 44,500 45,900 48,900 46,000 54,300 56,500 63,000 67,400 69,100 73,300
Total 1,594,700 1,695,600 1,747,400 1,856,900 1,803,900 1,902,400 2,059,700 2,110,600 2,195,700 2,264,500 2,344,400
Unemployed
15–19 107,700 119,800 150,500 174,000 157,000 159,000 146,600 141,600 138,600 138,000 124,400
20–24 88,100 100,000 149,500 179,700 177,800 152,500 130,100 120,800 143,100 132,500 117,100
25–34 116,500 133,900 196,600 232,300 223,300 201,400 167,600 168,300 177,700 166,600 153,600
35–44 80,400 94,400 134,500 161,400 178,000 156,700 138,300 138,800 130,300 145,800 123,300
45–54 52,900 55,300 78,000 100,700 109,000 105,100 88,000 101,300 108,800 99,500 86,300
55–59 16,500 17,600 23,600 31,500 41,800 40,300 35,700 36,800 35,700 32,600 31,500
60–64 12,100 17,400 24,000 24,300 25,900 21,100 14,000 16,300 10,500 16,400 11,200
65+ 1,500 1,200 900 2,700 1,600 3,200 2,200 3,300 2,000 2,300 900
Total 475,700 539,600 757,600 906,600 914,400 839,300 722,500 727,200 746,700 733,700 648,300
Not in the labour force
15–19 569,800 584,000 632,900 602,200 614,700 566,500 535,300 544,700 576,800 582,200 581,000
20–24 222,700 218,700 255,700 263,000 268,500 271,800 248,700 248,300 257,300 237,800 245,400
25–34 567,900 549,200 551,400 569,600 578,000 562,800 541,800 561,400 558,100 544,900 557,400
35–44 455,000 413,700 448,500 449,700 458,200 504,600 482,900 494,500 525,000 534,800 547,100
45–54 434,000 423,900 432,600 452,700 464,600 482,100 468,000 516,300 517,300 532,000 542,900
55–59 335,600 326,400 325,300 329,800 346,200 344,800 340,000 352,600 361,200 354,500 378,500
60–64 499,400 495,600 498,400 493,900 487,600 476,800 489,600 474,100 489,700 492,800 512,700
65+ 1,746,500 1,788,300 1,849,100 1,894,700 1,956,100 1,988,100 2,025,100 2,073,400 2,106,500 2,138,600 2,175,000
Total 4,830,900 4,799,800 4,993,900 5,055,600 5,173,900 5,197,500 5,131,400 5,265,300 5,391,900 5,417,600 5,540,000
Married women
Civilian population
15–19 24,800 27,100 21,700 19,200 18,900 20,900 20,600 22,100 20,000 20,800 22,900
20–24 216,800 211,900 204,700 197,000 216,400 213,700 210,100 178,500 172,400 167,800 163,600
25–34 1,008,400 1,004,900 1,000,900 995,600 978,000 983,800 977,400 956,700 943,000 935,700 916,500
35–44 1,015,000 1,027,300 1,045,500 1,046,700 1,052,500 1,059,000 1,069,000 1,094,600 1,093,400 1,092,700 1,102,600
45–54 673,500 708,900 726,700 746,700 783,000 821,900 855,300 883,100 905,500 937,000 952,200
55–59 274,800 272,100 275,500 275,800 284,700 288,500 300,700 312,000 314,700 319,000 337,100
60–64 256,200 253,900 263,000 250,000 246,500 249,300 250,100 250,100 260,800 256,600 266,700
65+ 433,100 442,000 465,700 467,900 475,300 510,600 518,600 518,000 516,400 549,500 560,800
Total 3,902,600 3,948,100 4,003,700 3,998,900 4,055,300 4,147,700 4,201,800 4,215,100 4,226,200 4,279,100 4,322,400
Labour force
15–19 15,200 13,400 11,600 11,100 10,200 13,000 13,300 12,600 12,700 13,600 15,400
20–24 143,400 146,200 131,500 135,000 144,900 145,900 147,500 118,900 114,700 115,200 111,300
25–34 601,300 625,000 613,700 611,200 589,400 615,400 640,500 607,600 608,200 624,600 594,900
35–44 705,800 744,400 745,300 748,400 741,600 739,200 770,000 790,900 779,600 773,900 779,400
45–54 394,400 429,100 460,200 473,900 501,000 532,800 585,800 585,900 619,800 651,700 655,800
55–59 87,200 92,200 93,900 99,200 106,900 107,500 119,200 128,400 132,500 133,900 146,300
60–64 35,900 39,400 42,900 34,600 35,700 41,600 41,100 48,900 53,300 50,800 48,700
65+ 13,500 15,000 16,300 13,600 16,600 20,100 19,200 20,500 24,000 23,100 25,000
Total 1,996,700 2,104,700 2,115,400 2,127,000 2,146,300 2,215,500 2,336,600 2,313,700 2,344,800 2,386,800 2,376,800
Employed
15–19 11,900 9,800 7,700 6,300 6,000 7,500 8,900 8,700 9,000 10,000 9,600
20–24 133,800 133,900 115,900 118,700 127,400 127,900 131,000 108,500 102,600 103,700 101,300
25–34 567,700 588,800 570,900 558,600 544,400 568,900 607,100 569,800 573,900 594,200 566,900
35–44 678,900 713,100 709,400 707,300 694,500 695,800 733,600 750,900 743,600 734,100 748,100
45–54 380,300 415,200 438,900 452,900 477,800 511,800 568,600 561,700 593,200 630,600 636,600
55–59 85,400 89,600 91,300 95,800 101,400 103,100 115,100 122,300 127,300 128,700 141,400
60–64 35,700 39,200 42,000 34,100 35,500 41,600 40,800 48,200 52,600 49,200 48,000
65+ 13,200 15,000 16,300 13,600 16,600 19,800 19,200 19,900 23,900 22,800 25,000
Total 1,906,900 2,004,600 1,992,400 1,987,300 2,003,600 2,076,400 2,224,300 2,190,000 2,226,100 2,273,300 2,276,900
Employed full–time
15–19 8,800 6,900 4,500 3,600 3,700 5,300 5,100 4,600 5,300 4,100 5,500
20–24 101,800 105,100 89,100 85,500 89,500 95,600 96,500 77,300 67,600 71,100 68,000
25–34 314,700 324,200 310,700 302,500 310,700 331,400 340,400 324,700 326,600 342,400 337,900
35–44 334,000 346,300 357,500 341,300 337,200 332,600 361,100 366,800 361,600 358,800 356,800
45–54 195,300 220,900 225,700 234,800 265,800 277,800 310,700 313,100 322,100 339,600 349,500
55–59 40,600 41,600 45,000 41,400 49,700 50,200 55,600 56,200 61,400 62,800 66,100
60–64 14,100 16,500 16,900 12,500 16,500 18,000 14,300 18,700 21,500 16,600 18,100
65+ 5,200 4,500 5,500 3,700 5,600 7,100 7,300 6,300 6,300 6,100 6,000
Total 1,014,500 1,066,000 1,054,900 1,025,300 1,078,700 1,118,000 1,191,000 1,167,700 1,172,400 1,201,500 1,207,900
Employed part-time
15–19 3,100 2,900 3,200 2,700 2,300 2,200 3,800 4,100 3,700 5,900 4,100
20–24 32,000 28,800 26,800 33,200 37,900 32,300 34,500 31,200 35,000 32,600 33,300
25–34 253,000 264,600 260,200 256,100 233,700 237,500 266,700 245,100 247,300 251,800 229,000
35–44 344,900 366,800 351,900 366,000 357,300 363,200 372,500 384,100 382,000 375,300 391,300
45–54 185,000 194,300 213,200 218,100 212,000 234,000 257,900 248,600 271,100 291,000 287,100
55–59 44,800 48,000 46,300 54,400 51,700 52,900 59,500 66,100 65,900 65,900 75,300
60–64 21,600 22,700 25,100 21,600 19,000 23,600 26,500 29,500 31,100 32,600 29,900
65+ 8,000 10,500 10,800 9,900 11,000 12,700 11,900 13,600 17,600 16,700 19,000
Total 892,400 938,600 937,500 962,000 924,900 958,400 1,033,300 1,022,300 1,053,700 1,071,800 1,069,000
Unemployed
15–19 3,300 3,600 3,900 4,800 4,200 5,500 4,400 3,900 3,700 3,600 5,800
20–24 9,600 12,300 15,600 16,300 17,500 18,000 16,500 10,400 12,100 11,500 10,000
25–34 33,600 36,200 42,800 52,600 45,000 46,500 33,400 37,800 34,300 30,400 28,000
35–44 26,900 31,300 35,900 41,100 47,100 43,400 36,400 40,000 36,000 39,800 31,300
45–54 14,100 13,900 21,300 21,000 23,200 21,000 17,200 24,200 26,600 21,100 19,200
55–59 1,800 2,600 2,600 3,400 5,500 4,400 4,100 6,100 5,200 5,200 4,900
60–64 200 200 900 500 200 0 300 700 700 1,600 700
65+ 300 0 0 0 0 300 0 600 100 300 0
Total 89,800 100,100 123,000 139,700 142,700 139,100 112,300 123,700 118,700 113,500 99,900
Not in the labour force
15–19 9,600 13,700 10,100 8,100 8,700 7,900 7,300 9,500 7,300 7,200 7,500
20–24 73,400 65,700 73,200 62,000 71,500 67,800 62,600 59,600 57,700 52,600 52,300
25–34 407,100 379,900 387,200 384,400 388,600 368,400 336,900 349,100 334,800 311,100 321,600
35–44 309,200 282,900 300,200 298,300 310,900 319,800 299,000 303,700 313,800 318,800 323,200
45–54 279,100 279,800 266,500 272,800 282,000 289,100 269,500 297,200 285,700 285,300 296,400
55–59 187,600 179,900 181,600 176,600 177,800 181,000 181,500 183,600 182,200 185,100 190,800
60–64 220,300 214,500 220,100 215,400 210,800 207,700 209,000 201,200 207,500 205,800 218,000
65+ 419,600 427,000 449,400 454,300 458,700 490,500 499,400 497,500 492,400 526,400 535,800
Total 1,905,900 1,843,400 1,888,300 1,871,900 1,909,000 1,932,200 1,865,200 1,901,400 1,881,400 1,892,300 1,945,600
Single  women
Civilian population
15–19 664,700 656,800 642,400 625,400 612,300 600,800 597,300 601,100 610,200 619,200 626,600
20–24 438,600 454,400 480,900 505,300 493,600 496,500 491,500 506,900 500,600 497,600 500,200
25–34 373,300 393,800 405,100 413,900 428,800 424,400 437,600 471,000 493,400 502,600 523,600
35–44 226,500 247,400 256,500 270,400 280,100 289,600 310,100 312,700 339,200 358,500 363,500
45–54 171,700 170,600 189,800 216,300 224,400 228,900 237,100 253,800 270,900 283,000 304,300
55–59 86,200 87,100 83,700 89,600 90,400 97,800 94,800 95,500 105,100 112,200 113,700
60–64 114,300 116,800 106,800 114,800 110,900 103,400 106,700 106,500 102,000 113,400 112,100
65+ 625,500 642,200 648,600 673,800 694,500 684,800 698,700 725,700 746,100 732,000 739,000
Total 2,700,800 2,769,100 2,813,800 2,909,500 2,935,000 2,926,200 2,973,800 3,073,200 3,167,500 3,218,500 3,283,000
Labour force
15–19 386,900 374,800 338,900 338,500 317,100 332,300 358,200 345,600 330,200 342,600 351,200
20–24 364,000 377,000 389,600 394,400 390,500 396,700 390,900 414,400 398,500 403,500 399,900
25–34 288,600 301,900 314,500 315,500 324,200 321,900 333,400 353,600 369,700 378,900 402,200
35–44 158,800 185,300 186,100 201,800 206,700 206,600 227,400 225,200 243,000 252,900 261,600
45–54 112,900 116,200 124,600 147,700 156,300 158,600 158,000 172,700 187,600 195,000 214,100
55–59 32,000 32,800 35,400 33,900 31,400 42,700 40,500 41,000 45,900 54,300 52,400
60–64 18,700 16,600 13,900 16,000 16,800 12,800 18,300 19,600 16,700 25,400 18,100
65+ 10,200 11,100 11,100 11,700 12,800 11,300 13,000 15,800 12,300 16,200 16,300
Total 1,372,100 1,415,700 1,414,100 1,459,500 1,455,800 1,482,900 1,539,700 1,587,900 1,603,900 1,668,800 1,715,800
Employed
15–19 331,900 320,400 271,700 258,600 243,800 260,000 292,100 289,100 271,700 282,800 299,700
20–24 331,700 344,900 343,200 342,800 336,900 350,800 356,200 371,500 349,100 361,100 359,300
25–34 271,700 276,900 283,100 280,700 289,000 290,300 303,300 322,800 334,400 344,700 367,600
35–44 147,000 167,300 167,400 176,100 183,400 182,200 202,200 205,200 217,700 224,300 236,200
45–54 104,000 105,700 113,100 130,800 140,100 137,700 143,200 155,400 166,400 176,200 195,300
55–59 30,800 31,200 32,600 31,500 28,100 37,700 37,200 36,600 42,200 49,800 47,800
60–64 18,400 16,000 13,800 14,900 16,400 12,400 17,900 18,100 16,400 23,900 17,000
65+ 10,000 10,600 11,100 11,200 12,500 10,400 12,800 15,400 11,800 16,200 16,300
Total 1,245,500 1,273,000 1,236,000 1,246,600 1,250,200 1,281,500 1,364,900 1,414,100 1,409,700 1,479,000 1,539,200
Full-time
15–19 177,100 156,900 114,100 86,000 81,500 75,100 76,300 73,900 62,900 65,000 74,800
20–24 270,500 265,100 265,700 249,600 237,900 248,900 248,500 254,900 230,100 241,600 226,100
25–34 221,000 226,300 226,300 228,600 230,600 230,000 241,500 253,500 256,200 268,400 288,400
35–44 111,800 124,800 117,000 125,600 133,300 125,700 145,400 142,900 152,300 147,500 154,700
45–54 78,000 82,000 82,800 100,300 102,800 102,700 103,400 112,600 119,500 119,600 139,400
55–59 19,100 20,900 22,200 20,200 18,400 26,500 24,900 23,700 26,500 34,200 28,400
60–64 9,600 8,500 8,800 7,300 10,600 6,700 10,200 8,800 8,100 10,800 8,200
65+ 3,800 5,200 4,800 4,600 5,800 3,400 3,900 4,400 3,000 7,200 4,700
Total 890,900 889,700 841,700 822,200 820,900 819,000 854,100 874,700 858,600 894,300 924,700
Employed part-time

15–19

154,800

163,500

157,600

172,600

162,300

184,900

215,800

215,200

208,800

217,800

224,900

20–24 61,200 79,800 77,500 93,200 99,000 101,900 107,700 116,600 119,000 119,500 133,200
25–34 50,700 50,600 56,800 52,100 58,400 60,300 61,800 69,300 78,200 76,300 79,200
35–44 35,200 42,500 50,400 50,500 50,100 56,500 56,800 62,300 65,400 76,800 81,500
45–54 26,000 23,700 30,300 30,500 37,300 35,000 39,800 42,800 46,900 56,600 55,900
55–59 11,700 10,300 10,400 11,300 9,700 11,200 12,300 12,900 15,700 15,600 19,400
60–64 8,800 7,500 5,000 7,600 5,800 5,700 7,700 9,300 8,300 13,100 8,800
65+ 6,200 5,400 6,300 6,600 6,700 7,000 8,900 11,000 8,800 9,000 11,600
Total 354,600 383,300 394,300 424,400 429,300 462,500 510,800 539,400 551,100 584,700 614,500
Unemployed
15–19 55,000 54,400 67,200 79,900 73,300 72,300 66,100 56,500 58,500 59,800 51,500
20–24 32,300 32,100 46,400 51,600 53,600 45,900 34,700 42,900 49,400 42,400 40,600
25–34 16,900 25,000 31,400 34,800 35,200 31,600 30,100 30,800 35,300 34,200 34,600
35–44 11,800 18,000 18,700 25,700 23,300 24,400 25,200 20,000 25,300 28,600 25,400
45–54 8,900 10,500 11,500 16,900 16,200 20,900 14,800 17,300 21,200 18,800 18,800
55–59 1,200 1,600 2,800 2,400 3,300 5,000 3,300 4,400 3,700 4,500 4,600
60–64 300 600 100 1,100 400 400 400 1,500 300 1,500 1,100
65+ 200 500 0 500 300 900 200 400 500 0 0
Total 126,600 142,700 178,100 212,900 205,600 201,400 174,800 173,800 194,200 189,800 176,600
Not in the labour force
15–19 277,800 282,000 303,500 286,900 295,200 268,500 239,100 255,500 280,000 276,600 275,400
20–24 74,600 77,400 91,300 110,900 103,100 99,800 100,600 92,500 102,100 94,100 100,300
25–34 84,700 91,900 90,600 98,400 104,600 102,500 104,200 117,400 123,700 123,700 121,400
35–44 67,700 62,100 70,400 68,600 73,400 83,000 82,700 87,500 96,200 105,600 101,900
45–54 58,800 54,400 65,200 68,600 68,100 70,300 79,100 81,100 83,300 88,000 90,200
55–59 54,200 54,300 48,300 55,700 59,000 55,100 54,300 54,500 59,200 57,900 61,300
60–64 95,600 100,200 92,900 98,800 94,100 90,600 88,400 86,900 85,300 88,000 94,000
65+ 615,300 631,100 637,500 662,100 681,700 673,500 685,700 709,900 733,800 715,800 722,700
Total 1,328,700 1,353,400 1,399,700 1,450,000 1,479,200 1,443,300 1,434,100 1,485,300 1,563,600 1,549,700 1,567,200

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8 Appendixes

Appendix A: A short genealogy of income support payments

This short summary of the origins of and major changes to income support payments is intended as a guide to readers wishing to place changes to income support into general historical context. It includes suggestions for further reading.

Origins: 1908 to 1964

The first civil pensions were old-age pensions, paid from 1 July 1909 under the Invalid and Old-Age Pension Act 1908 and subsuming age pensions in force in New South Wales and Victoria. They were followed by payments of invalid pension from 15 December 1910. Both were administered by the Commissioner for Pensions within the Department of the Treasury.

  • Maternity Allowance was introduced on 10 October 1912, abolished on 1 November 1978 and re-introduced on 1 February 1996, albeit in different form.
  • Service pensions (as distinct from civil pensions) administered by the Repatriation Commission, were introduced for returned servicemen on 6 December 1935. Many were already eligible for war  pensions (introduced 21 December 1914).

The Department for Social Services was formed in April 1941 and assumed responsibility for civil pensions and Maternity Allowance from the Treasury.

  • Shortly after, the Commonwealth commenced paying child endowment (from 29 July 1941 under the Child Endowment Act 1941), the precursor of the current family payments.
  • Widows’ pensions were paid from 27 July 1942 (under the Widows’ Pensions Act 1942), subsuming widows’ pensions paid by New South Wales and Victoria since 1926. They comprised classes A (women with dependent children), B (widows 50 years of age or more without dependent children) and C (younger widows without dependent children, for a maximum of 26 weeks) and, from 8 July 1947 until 1 March 1961, class D (for women 50 or more  years of age with dependent children where the husband was imprisoned).
  • From 8 July 1943, extra pension was payable to certain pensioners in respect of a dependent spouse or child (the pre-cursor of Wife Pension and Carer Payment and of additional family allowance respectively).
  • From 1 July 1945, the Commonwealth paid unemployment, sickness and special benefits, (including additional amounts in respect of a dependent spouse or children, the pre-cursors of Partner and Parenting Payment (partnered) and of additional family allowance respectively) under the Unemployment and Sickness Benefits Act 1944.

In 1947, all existing legislation for civil pensions, benefits and associated payments was consolidated into the Social Services Act 1947, at which time Old-Age Pension was renamed Age Pension. The final major addition to income support payments was the payment of Commonwealth Scholarships for tertiary education from January 1951 (subsequently the

Income support and related statistics: a 10-year compendium, 1989–1999

Tertiary Education Assistance Scheme in 1973 and AUSTUDY in 1986). From this date, the current structure of income support payments was largely in place.

1965 to the present

The short genealogical chart following shows the development of the various categories of payments now administered by the Department of Family and Community Services. As can be seen at a glance, Age Pension and Special Benefit are the only payments that have neither been renamed nor abolished over the period. Also, eligibility for and the scope of payments have changed to a degree, mainly to marginally increase coverage or entitlement.

Figure 1 Genealogy of income support payments.

Figure 1 	Genealogy of income support payments

For instance, from 8 May 1973, age, invalid, wife and widows’ pensions became ‘portable’ and, after grant in Australia, could be paid while overseas. From 22 March 1974, these pensions became payable as special needs pensions to certain older people living overseas who had been long time residents but who had not returned to Australia.

Other major changes, classed according to the type of payment, are listed below.

Disability and sickness payments

  • Sheltered Employment Allowance was introduced on 30 June 1967 and was subsequently subsumed (along with Invalid Pension) into Disability Support Pension from 12 November
    1991. Disability Wage Supplement was introduced on 1 July 1994 and subsumed into Disability Support Pension from 1 January 1998. Both assisted people with disabilities with special employment in what were known as sheltered workshops.
  • Rehabilitation Allowance was introduced on 1 March 1983 and was closed to new grants from 12 November 1991. From 30 June 1998, there were no more  recipients.
  • From 1 July 1991, Sickness Benefit became Sickness Allowance under more  stringent eligibility criteria. From 20 March 1996, incapacitated recipients of unemployment payments were no longer transferred to Sickness Allowance and, consequently, numbers dropped considerably.

Payments to partners, parents and widows

  • Wife Pension was introduced on 5 October 1972, replacing the pensioner’s allowance for a dependent spouse. It was closed to new entrants from 1 July 1995.
  • Spouse Carer Pension was introduced on 1 December 1983, payable to the husband of a severely handicapped age or invalid pensioner. With broadened eligibility, it became Carer Pension from 1 November 1985 and then Carer Payment from 1 July 1997.
  • From 1 January 1968, the Commonwealth (under the States Grants (Deserted Wives) Act
    1968) agreed to share with States the cost of helping mothers of families without a breadwinner (such as deserted wives or the wives of prisoners) where they were ineligible for a Widow Pension. The Act was repealed from 30 June 1982, at which time the 6-month qualifying period for Supporting Parents’ Benefit (see below) was removed.
  • Supporting Mothers’ Benefit was introduced on 3 July 1973, payable to unmarried mothers (unlike Widow Pension Class A). It was subsequently subsumed into Supporting Parents’ Benefit (payable to sole fathers) from 10 November 1977 which, along with Widow Pension Class A, was subsumed into Sole Parent Pension from 1 March 1989 and renamed Parenting Payment (single) from 20 March 1998.
  • Widow Pension Class C became Widowed Persons’ Allowance from 1 March 1989 and was extended to men, though the duration of payment was reduced from 26 to 12 weeks. The payment was renamed Bereavement Allowance from 1 January 1995.
  • Widow B Pension was effectively closed from 1 July 1987 and Widow Allowance introduced from 1 January 1995.
  • Partner Allowance was introduced on 20 September 1994, replacing the additional benefit paid to allowees in respect of dependent spouses. From 1 July 1995, the payment was restricted to people born before 1 July 1955 without dependent children and with little recent labour force experience. Most Partner Allowees with dependent children qualified for Parenting Allowance (renamed Parenting Payment (partnered) from 20 March 1998) and
    the remainder were required to test their eligibility for other payments.

Payments to the unemployed and to students

  • From 1 July 1976, provision was made to pay Aboriginal communities sums equivalent to their combined entitlement to income support (primarily unemployment payments) to be administered under the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) program.
  • Job Search Allowance was introduced as a sub-category of Unemployment Benefit from 1 January 1988 for recipients under 21 years of age.
  • From 1 July 1991, Unemployment Benefit was abolished. Instead, Job Search Allowance was paid for the first 12 months of receipt (and to all recipients under the age of 18, regardless of their length of receipt) and Newstart Allowance thereafter. Youth Training Allowance was introduced from 1 January 1995 for the unemployed under 18 years of age. Job Search Allowance was subsumed into Newstart Allowance from 20 September 1996.
  • From 1 July 1998, Youth Allowance subsumed Youth Training Allowance along with most Newstart and Sickness Allowance recipients under 21 years of age and all AUSTUDY recipients under 25 years of age. Youth Allowance is paid under two sets of conditions: one applying to full time students and the other to the remainder, most of whom are unemployed. Also at 1 July 1998, AUSTUDY was abolished and students 25 years of age or older received Austudy Payment under the Social Security Act.
  • Mature Age Allowance (payable to men over 60 years of age who were unemployed and had received income support for 12 months or more  and were eligible for Newstart) was introduced on 20 March 1994, along with Mature Age Partner Allowance for their partners. Paid at the same rates and under the same income and assets tests as the Age Pension, entrance to Mature Age Partner Allowance was closed from 30 June 1995 (when Wife Pension was closed) and to the pension version of Mature Age Allowance from 30 June 1996.
  • From 1 July 1996, Mature Age Allowance was paid under the allowance income and assets tests to people who had been on Newstart for nine months or any other payment (except Special Benefit of Austudy Payment) for any period, providing they had no recent workforce experience. Since the payment’s inception in 1994, recipients have been exempt from the Newstart activity test.

The above summary is necessarily abridged, and conceals a wealth of policy and administrative detail. For fuller  accounts, see:
Bland, F.A. 1976, ‘Unemployment relief in Australia’, in J. Roe (Ed), Social Policy in Australia: Some Perspectives, 1901–1975, Cassell, Stanmore, NSW.

Department of Social Security 1983, Developments in Social Security: A Compendium of Legislative Changes Since 1908, Research Paper no. 20, Department of Social Security, June 1983.

Kewley, T.H. 1974, Social Security in Australia 1900–72, Sydney University Press, Sydney. Kewley, T.H. 1980, Australian Social Security Today: Major Developments from 1900 to 1978, Sydney University Press, Sydney.

Roberts, P. & Herscovitch, A. 1981, ‘History of Australian social security’, in Social Security, December 1980, AGPS, Canberra.

Reports  to Parliament under the Invalid and Old-Age Pensions Act (from 1910 to 1941). Annual reports of the Departments of Social Services, Social Security and Family and Community Services, 1942 to 1999 and in particular the historical article in the 1990–91 annual report, pp.197–239.

Payments current at 30 June 1999

The Social Security Act 1991 identifies two main categories of income support payments current at 30 June 1999: benefits (allowances) and pensions.

Benefits (referred to as allowances), comprising:

  • ABSTUDY (paid under the Student Assistance Act 1973)
  • Austudy Payment
  • CDEP payments
  • Mature Age Allowance (granted after 30 June 1996)
  • Newstart Allowance
  • Parenting Payment (partnered) – excludes those receiving solely the basic rate
  • Partner Allowance
  • Sickness Allowance
  • Widow Allowance
  • Youth Allowance
  • Special Benefit

Pensions, comprising:

  • Age Pension
  • Bereavement Allowance
  • Carer Payment
  • Disability Support Pension
  • Age Allowance (granted before 1 July 1996)
  • Mature Age Partner Allowance
  • Parenting Payment (single)
  • Special Needs Pensions;
  • Wife Pension
  • Widow B Pension; and
  • Service Pensions paid under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986, comprising:
  • an age service pension
  • an invalidity service pension
  • a partner service pension
  • a carer service pension
  • an income support supplement paid to certain war  widows.

Pensions are distinguished from benefits (allowances) by a higher maximum rate of payment and more generous means testing.

A person can receive only one of these payments at a time and the maximum rate of payment is significantly higher than the rate of payment of supplementary assistance.

For instance, the maximum rate of pension payable to a single person at 30 June 1999 was $361.40 per fortnight, compared to $128.80 maximum Family Allowance in respect of a dependent child, or compared to $100.00 per fortnight Rent Assistance for a single person with three or more children, or compared to $75.60 per fortnight Child Disability Allowance.

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Appendix B: Income support recipients at June 1999

Numbers receiving payment

At June 1999, there were 4 759 352 recipients of income support payments, comprising:

  • 2 843 968 receiving FaCS pensions
  • 1 104 160 receiving FaCS benefits (allowances) other than students
  • 382 287 receiving Service pensions
  • 396 390 receiving student assistance
  • 31 967 CDEP recipients.

Figure 2 Income support recipients at 30 June 1999

Figure 2	Income support recipients at 30 June 1999The number of income support payment recipients at June 1999 represented 31.6 per cent of the population aged 15 years or more.

Of these, an estimated 2 131 000 (or about 45 per cent of recipients) were of Age Pension age, most of them receiving Age Pension or Service Pension. This represents 78.9 per cent of the population of Age Pension age group (compared to 78.5 per cent at June 1998).

Workforce age recipients64

At June 1999, an estimated 2 628 000 income support recipients of workforce age, or
21.3 per cent of the population of workforce age (see Figure 3). Of these recipients:

  • the unemployed comprised 28.8 per cent (including the temporarily incapacitated and people receiving Mature Age Allowances);
  • those receiving Disability Support Pension or Sickness Allowance comprised 21.9 per cent;
  • students comprised 15.1 per cent;
  • those receiving Parenting Payment comprised 23.3 per cent, lone parents being
    14.6 per cent and partnered parents 8.7 per cent;
  • the wives of age and disability support pensioners, along with the older partners of other pensioners and allowees comprised 5.9 per cent;
  • recipients of Carer Payment represented 1.5 per cent and widows 1.1 per cent;
  • there were approximately 28 000 veterans of workforce age receiving payment, representing 1.1 per cent of workforce age recipients; and
  • the remaining 1.3 per cent received CDEP (1.2 per cent), or Special Benefit (0.1 per cent) or a disaster relief payment. Most recipients of Special Benefit do not meet the residence requirements of other workforce age payments.

Figure 3 Workforce age recipients by payment type, June 1999

Figure 3	Workforce age recipients by payment type June 1999

  1. People of workforce age comprise men aged 15 to 64 years and women aged 15 to 59 years.

Patterns of receipt by age and gender

There are important differences in receipt of payments by gender. Women are slightly more likely to receive income support at all ages (as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5). At June 1999, about 58 per cent of income support recipients were women. There  are a number of reasons for this.

  • Pension age is lower for women than for men. At June 1999 the qualifying age of Age Pension for women was 61 while 65 for men. The qualifying age for women is being gradually increased to age 65 by year 2014.
  • The average age of women is older. There  are more women than men over Age Pension age.
  • In general, women have lower income and smaller assets.

Among men and women of workforce age, overall rates of receipt follow a similar pattern with age. An initial high rate of receipt among young people (over 30 per cent at age 16, mainly students) falls away to a lower rate of receipt by age 45 (under 20 per cent for women and around 15 per cent for men). Then it rises sharply to peak around 60 per cent for women 60 years of age and for men 64 years of age. The proportion of people receiving income support increases markedly from 19 per cent at age 51, reaching 37 per cent by age 59 and 83 per cent by age 69.

However, Figures 4 and 5 show quite different patterns of incidence of different payments among men and women.

  • A larger percentage of men received disability or sickness payments (31 per cent), compared to 13 per cent for women. The rate of receipt among men increases rapidly with age (for men over 40 years old) compared to that for women.
  • Of male recipients, 47 per cent receive unemployment payments, compared to 17 per cent of women. Rates of receipt of unemployment payments peak around age 22 (about 13 per cent for men and 10 per cent for women) and level off with increasing age. However, for men there is a steady rise for ages above 60.
  • By contrast, over half (52 per cent) of female recipients are paid income support payments as parents or partners (25 per cent as lone parents, 15 per cent partnered parents and 12 per cent partners), compared to only 6 per cent of men. The majority of women receiving parenting payments are aged 23 to 45, while women receiving partner payments are aged 46 to 59.

Lower rates of receipt of unemployment payments by women appear to be more  than compensated for by their higher rates of receiving parenting and partner payments. These women are living in low-income families and raising children or caring for their partners,
significantly reducing their reliance on unemployment or disability payments.

These estimates of coverage are calculated as rates of receipt by comparing the total number of income support recipients to the total population. To some extent, this will give an exaggerated picture of levels of reliance on income support, as it will treat part-rate pensioners as the same as persons with no other income apart from government cash benefits.

Figure 4  Women – Rates of receipt of income support by age and payment type June 1999

Figure 4	 Women – Rates of receipt of income support by age and payment type June 1999

Figure 5 Men – Rates of receipt of income support by age and payment type June 1999

Figure 5 Men – Rates of receipt of income support by age and payment type June 1999

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Appendix C: Means testing of FaCS income support payments, 1989 to 199965

Since the first payments of Commonwealth income support were made in 1909, they have been subject to means testing. 66 The intention has been to limit the payment of income support to people with low  incomes and few assets.

Since their inception, the structure, incidence and relative severity of means tests have varied. For the sake of clarity, this appendix describes in general terms the situation over the period June 1989 to June 1999. In particular, the discussion has been restricted to an overview of income tests and asset tests, omitting many details. 67 For a fuller  treatment, readers are referred to FaCS’ annual reports covering this period.

Income testing

For the purposes of income testing, income is generally defined as income earned, derived or received in respect of a period.68 It includes earned income (such as wages) as well as unearned income (such as interest from a bank account). For the sake of simplicity, the descriptions below are of income assessed over a fortnight.69

Pensions and benefits have defined maximum basic rates, which are subject to regular adjustments to account for changes to prices and, in the case of pensions, to changes in average wages. If a person’s income is zero, they receive the maximum basic rate.

In general, an income test allows for income up to a certain low  amount to be ignored. This amount is called the ‘free area’ and income under this amount does not reduce the rate of pension or benefit paid.

Income above the free area reduces the pension or benefit at a defined rate known as the ‘taper rate’. Taper rates can apply to successive parts of the range of income above the free area or to the entire range.

The net effect is that higher income results in progressively less and less payment of pension or benefit, until none remains. The rate of income at which the pension or benefit is reduced to zero is called the ‘cut-out’ point.

Selected maximum basic rates, free areas and cut-outs can be found in Table 5.1 in the body of the Compendium.

For pensions, the income test comprises:

  • a free area (earnings under the free area do not reduce the pension); and
  • a taper range (pension is reduced by 50 per cent of income above the free area).

The free area is indexed annually with respect to prices and, if the pensioner has dependent children, includes an additional amount of $24 per fortnight for each child (this amount is not indexed). For couples, the income test applies to their combined income.

The benefit (or allowance) income test shares some features of the pension income test, in that both have a free area and taper ranges. However, the benefit free area is not indexed and has been set at $60 per fortnight since 1985. There is no additional free area for dependent children. Until 30 June 1995, the benefit income test comprised:

  • a free area (earnings under the free area do not reduce the benefit);
  • a taper range (income above the free area but below $140 per fortnight reduced the benefit by 50 per cent); and
  • a direct deduction range (every dollar of income above $140 reduced the benefit by a dollar). If the recipient was partnered, the free area was doubled and the income test applied to the couple’s combined income.

From 1 July 1995, the direct deduction range became a second taper range with the withdrawal rate set at 70 per cent. That is, income over $140 per fortnight reduced benefit by 70 per cent of that amount. Also, from 1 July 1995 the income of partners was tested in sequence rather than in combination. That is, the income test applied first to the recipient’s own income. If their own income was low  enough for them to receive some benefit, their partner’s rate was not affected. Income above that required to reduce the recipient’s own benefit to zero (the cut-out point) then reduced their partner’s rate by 70 per cent of that amount (the partner excess amount).

At 30 June 1999, there were two exceptions to these arrangements. Youth Allowance paid to full-time students had a free area of $230 per fortnight, with a 50 per cent taper range for income above the free area and below $310 per fortnight and a second taper range of 70 per cent applying to income above $310 per fortnight. Until September 1990, Special Benefit was subject to the benefit income test. At that time, the free area was abolished and each dollar of income reduced Special Benefit by a dollar (direct deduction).

Asset testing

The pension assets test was introduced on 21 March 1985 to operate alongside the income test. Recipients are assessed under both tests and that which produces the lower rate of pension applies. Certain assets, notably the recipient’s home, are excluded.70

For every $1000 of assets above a threshold value, the rate of pension is reduced by three dollars per fortnight. The reduction is compared to that produced by the income test and, if it is greater, the pensioner is paid under the asset test. Otherwise, they are paid under the income test.

The thresholds are higher for couples (whose assets are assessed in combination) than for single people and higher for those who do not own homes. The threshold values are regularly adjusted in line with prices.71 The combination of asset thresholds and the asset reduction rate means that assets above a certain amount (called the ‘asset test limit’) reduce the pension to zero.

From December 1987, the asset test limits applied to benefits by way of a ‘sudden death’ asset test—those with assets above the limits received no payment. From 1 July 1998, the ‘sudden death’ asset test was extended to lone parents receiving Parenting Payment (Single).

Income and asset intervals reported in the tables for FaCS payments

From 1994 on, the tables for FaCS income support payments report the numbers receiving payments within income and asset intervals that relate to the income and assets tests. The examples in tables 1 and 2 below show the income intervals reported for a single pensioner and single beneficiary at 30 June 1999, along with an expanded nomenclature of the intervals.

Table 1: Reported income intervals for a single pensioner, 30 June 1999
Interval cited in table Explanation Values
Nil Income is zero. Income of $0.00.
Up to the free area Income more  than zero and up to
$100 per fortnight.
Income of $0.01 to $100.00 per fortnight.
Up to the free area plus child disregard Income of at least $100.01 per fortnight
and up to $124 per fortnight ($100 free area plus $24 additional free area in respect
of one child).
Income of $100.01 to $124.00 per fortnight
Over the free area plus child disregard Income of at least $124.01 per fortnight. Income of $124.01 or more per fortnight.

Table 2: Reported income intervals for a single beneficiary, 30 June 1999
Interval cited in table Explanation Values
Nil Income is zero. Income of $0.00.
Up to the free area Income more  than zero and up to
$60.00 per fortnight.
Income of $0.01 to $60.00 per fortnight.
Over the free area Income of at least $60.01 per fortnight. Income of $60.01 or more  per fortnight.

Similarly, Table 3 table below shows the reported assets of single pensioners paid under the asset test at 30 June 1999.

Table 3: Reported asset intervals for a single pensioner, 30 June 1999
Interval  cited  in table Explanation Values
Up to non-homeowner threshold Assets above  the homeowner threshold but under  the non-homeowner threshold. Assets over $125 750 but under  $215 750.
Assets over the
non-homeowner threshold
Income  above  the non-homeowner threshold and under  the non-homeowner asset  test limit. Assets of at least  $215 750 but less than
$338 250.

Tables  4 and 5 show  the values applying to the intervals of income  and assets  reported in the tables  for FaCS income  support  payments at 30 June each  year  from 1989 to 1999.

  • Readers  should  note that, for 1989 to 1993, the recorded income  intervals did not necessarily correspond to the parameters of the income  test. Consequently, the reported values are in the tables  are italicised.
  • For 1989 to 1993, readers should  refer to table  4 to determine the income  interval  reported.
Table 4 Reported income intervals ($ per fortnight), 1989 to 1999
  1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Single Allowances
Up to the free area 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00 0.01 to 60.00
Over the free area Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00 Over 60.00
Pensions
Up to the free area 0.01 to 80.00 0.01 to 80.00 0.01 to 80.00 0.01 to 84.00 0.01 to 86.00 0.01 to 88.00 0.01 to 90.00 0.01 to 94.00 0.01 to 98.00 0.01 to 100.00 0.01 to 100.00
Up to free area plus child disregard 80.01 to 176.00 40.01 to 190.00 40.01 to 190.00 84.01 to 210.00 86.01 to 200.00 88.01 to 112.00 90.01 to 114.00 94.01 to 118.00 98.01 to 122.00 100.01 to 124.00 50.01 to 124.00
Over the free area Over 176.00 Over 190.00 Over 190.00 Over 210.00 Over 200.00 Over 112.00 Over 114.00 Over 118.00 Over 122.00 Over 124.00 Over plus child disregard 124.00
Couple Up to the free area 0.01 to 70.00 0.01 to 70.00 0.01 to 70.00 0.01 to 74.00 0.01 to 76.00 0.01 to 76.00 0.01 to 78.00 0.01 to 82.00 0.01 to 86.00 0.01 to 88.00 0.01 to 88.00
Up to free area plus to child disregard for each person 70.01 to 150.00 70.01 to 164.00 70.01 to 164.00 74.01 to 180.00 76.01 to 200.00 76.01 to 88.00 78.00 to 90.00 82.01 to 94.00 86.01 to 98.00 88.01 to 100.00 88.01 to 100.00
Over the free area plus child disregard Over 150.00 Over 164.00 Over 164.00 Over 180.00 Over 200.00 Over 88.00 Over 90.00 Over 94.00 Over 98.00 Over 100.00 Over 100.00
Parenting Payment (Single) Up to the free area 0.01 to 80.00 0.01 to 80.00 0.01 to 80.00 As for single pensioners (above)
Up to free area plus child disregard for each person 80.01 to 192.00 80.01 to 230.00 80.01 to 230.00
Over the free area plus child disregard Over 192.00 Over 230.00 Over 230.00

Table 5 Reported asset test intervals ($), 1989 to 1999
Single Reported  interval 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Up to non-homeowner threshold 96,000 103,500 103,500 110,750 112,500 112,750 115,000 118,000 124,000 125,750 125,750
to 109,500 to 118,000 to 118,000 to 126,250 to 193,000 to 193,250 to 197,000 to 202,000 to 212,500 to 215,750 to 215,750
Over non-homeownerthreshold Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over
109,500 118,000 118,000 126,250 193,000 193,250 197,000 202,000 212,500 215,750 215,750
Couple Up to non-homeowner threshold 68,500 73,750 73,750 78,750 80,000 80,250 81,750 83,750 88,000 89,250 89,250
to 78,500 to 84,500 to 84,500 to 90,250 to 120,250 to 120,250 to 122,750 to 125,750 to 132,250 to 134,250 to 134,250
Over non-homeowner threshold Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over
78,500 84,500 84,500 90,250 120,250 120,250 122,750 125,750 132,250 134,250 134,250
  1. Future editions will outline changes which came into effect from 1 July 2000.
  2. The only exceptions are Disability Support and Age Pensions paid in respect of blind people.
  3. For instance, the discussion of income tests ignore earnings credits (applying to most pensions from November 1987 until June 30 1997, and to most allowances from March 1994 until 30 June 1997), earnings disregards (applying to most allowances from September 1993 until 30 June
    1995), the income bank applying to Youth Allowance paid to full time students and the income testing of basic Parenting Payment (Partnered) as distinct from additional Parenting Payment Partnered.
  4. Income is defined in section 8(1) of the SocialSecurity Act 1991.
  5. The Social Security Administration Act 1999 includes more comprehensive definitions of income and of periods of assessment.
  6. Exempt assets are defined at section 1118. (1) of the Social Security Act 1991.
  7. The discussion of thresholds omits certain details, such as the concessional treatment of entry contributions to nursing homes which applied from
    March 1998.

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